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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Tokushima

Awa Shoai Shijira Ori

Awa Indigo Cotton

Woven textiles

Called "praise texture" woven as for Awa shijira texture flourishingly in the Awa district at the end of the 18th century improvement was added to striped cotton at the beginning of the Meiji era and came to be woven.

This Awa Shoai Shijira Ori was developed from a striped cotton cloth called tatae-ori that was being extensively woven throughout the Awa area at the end of the 18th century. Various reasons have been put forward as to why this development took place but it seems likely that is was the result of finding that when wet cloth was dried in the sun, it produced an interesting natural crepe effect.

Okinawa

Yonaguni Ori

Yonaguni Fabrics

Woven textiles

Yonagunijima is island of border at the westernmost tip of Japan. The history of Woven textiles born in this island is old, and it is thought that there is the history of about 500 years from old documents.

Situated on the extreme western boundary of Japan, records show that weaving on Yonaguni Island dates back some 500 years, and cloth was already being paid as a tax during the 1520s. During the difficult times after World War II, fishing nets were unraveled to provide yarn for this cloth, which is still woven by the women, who devote so much time producing this cloth that is very representative of the island's natural environment.

Tokyo

Edo Sekku Ningyo

Edo Sekku Ningyo

Dolls and Kokeshi

Doll production of Edo began under the influence of Kyoto early in the Edo era, but it is thought about with age of an emperor approximately 250 years ago Edo original style having been established. Hina doll and doll for the Boy's Festival were realistic, and, from this time, they became refined Edo-style figure. Doll culture of Edo met the golden age for the culture civil administration period that was in the latter half of the Edo era, and former decoration which we decorated outdoors early in the Edo era was decorated indoors, and Edo armor of precise decoration which made doll for the Boy's Festival and real armor model was made.

Edo doll production began in the early Edo period (1600s) due to influence from Kyoto, but the unique Edo style is said to have begun 250 years ago in the Horeki era.

Ishikawa

Kanazawa Shikki

Kanazawa Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Kaga feudal clan which had power in area around current Ishikawa in the Edo era laid emphasis on promotion of arts and crafts.

The Kaga clan, which held sway over the area now known as Ishikawa Prefecture, actively promoted the arts and many crafts. Kanazawa Shikki was just one of those and dates back to the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868).

Kyoto

Kyo Kanoko Shibori

Kyoto Kanoko Shibori

Dyed Textiles

Tie-dyeing was performed for some time in Japan for one thousand several hundred years and has been used as pattern expression of Imperial Court clothes.

Shaped resist tie-dyeing, or shibori has been carried out for over a thousand years in Japan and was used for the patterns on court dress. It is known as kanoko shibori, or literally "fawn spot tie-dyeing" because of its resemblance to the spots on a young fawn.

Shimane

Sekishu Washi

Sekishu Paper

Washi Paper

In "Engi era expression (engishiki) written in the Heian era," the name of Iwami comes up.

While mention is made of Sekishu in the Engishiki, a Heian period (794-1185) document on court protocol, a more direct reference to paper is made in the Kamisuki Chohoki, a ""A Manual of Papermaking"" published in 1798. It says that when a Kakinomotono Hitomaro went to take up the post of protector in the province of Iwami (Shimane prefecture), he taught the people there how to make paper.

Nagano

Uchiyama Gami

Uchiyama Paper

Washi Paper

Craftsman who wore the manufacturing method in Mino is own house, and, as for the beginning of Uchiyama Gami, what suki (we do) was is said to be opening early in the Edo era.

Early in the 17th century, Hagiwara Kiuemon, a resident of a small village in Uchiyama district went to learn how to make paper in Mino, itself famous for its handmade papers. On returning home, he began making paper and from these simple beginnings, the craft flourished in this area where the heavy snowfalls have contributed to the techniques of this fine handmade paper.

Tokyo

Edo Wazao

Edo Fishing Rods

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Edo Wazao has begun to be made with jointed fishing rod made using natural bamboo in Edo in the middle of Edo era. Late in the Edo era, we reached level to be able to call arts and crafts, and today's Edo Wazao was completed.

Edo Wazao have always been made from natural culms (stems) of bamboo and were first made in Edo (Tokyo) in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868). By the end of this era, they had taken on their present-day form and can truly be called works of art. With the sea on their doorstep and some beautiful rivers, too, these rods were a crystallization of research into the needs of those who lived in Edo and loved to fish.

Fukushima

Oku-aizu Showa Karamushi fabric

Oku-Aizu Showa Karamushi Textiles

Woven textiles

It is plant which is called ramie, and we pick quarrel with, doing hands down cultivation technology from ancient times.

Karamushi is a plant also known as ramie, whose cultivation techniques have been passed down since olden times. All processes from cultivation up to weaving karamushi are done by hand in Showa Village where it is cultivated to produce fine linen textiles. Due to its superior moisture absorption and quick drying properties, it is used not only for making summer clothing, but also for making accessories, ornaments, and other articles.

Nagasaki

Mikawachi Yaki

Mikawachi Ware

Ceramics

It is beginning to have let ceramist whom ruler of land which participated in the Korea dispatch of troops by Hideyoshi Toyotomi of the end of 16th century brought back from Korea bake kiln.

The origins of Mikawachi Yaki date back to the building of a kiln by Korean potters that were brought back to this area of Kyushu by landowners who had taken part in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to the Korean Peninsular at the end of the 16th century.

Tokyo

Edo Kiriko

Edo Cut Glass

Other Crafts

It is said to be opening that person called Hisashi Kagaya soldier of the Imperial Guard who ran vidro shop in large Temmacho of Edo in 1834 (Tenpo 5) put sculpture for the surface of glass mimicking cut glass made in the U.K.

It is said that the origins of Edo Kiriko date back to 1834 when a Kagaya Kyubei, who was working in a small glass works in Edo (Tokyo), copied a piece of English cut glass. It also seems that Commodore Matthew Perry, who arrived in Japan toward the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), was very surprised when he was presented with a splendid piece of Kagaya's cut glass.

Okinawa

Chibana Hanaori

Chibana Hanaori

Woven textiles

Skills and techniques already established in the late 19th century, and utchaki (jacket), tisaji (handkerchief) for sacred rites, do gin (life jacket), kimono were continued weaving with kind of fabric with a mosaic waving pattern thing which Chibana Hanaori woven flourishingly for a long time in former Misatomura (areas such as Chibana, Noborikawa, Ikehara of current Okinawa-shi) passed, and made full use of technique of empty show texture after the Meiji era. They received crushing blow in World War II, but clothes of Chibana Hanaori are worn by traditional event (usudeku) to pray for staple grains abundant harvest and perfect state of health now.

Since ancient times, Chibana Hanaori has been woven in the former Misato-son (currently the Chibana, Noborikawa, and Ikehara regions of Okinawa City).