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Hiroshima Butsudan

Hiroshima Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Hiroshima was nature of the locality that the Jodo Shin sect of Buddhism was prosperous for a long time. Early in the Edo era, we assumed techniques such as decoration metal fittings worker and round chip box worker (in the case of string comb), painter (master) who moved from Kishu the cause, and Buddhist priest called *ko (tonkou) went to Kyoto, Osaka, and skills and techniques of Hiroshima Butsudan was established afterwards by learning high production technology of Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings, and having returned.

The Jodo Shinshu of Buddhism has found favor among the people in Hiroshima for any hundreds of years. At the beginning of the 17th century a number of artisans skilled in making decorative fittings, braided cords and lacquerers moved into the Hiroshima area from Kishu, and it was their skills that became the foundation of household altar making in this area.


Shinshu Tsumugi

Shinshu Pongee

Woven textiles

Beginning of Shinshu Tsumugi dates back to the Nara era to woven "ashiginu".

The origins of Shinshu Tsumugi go back to a silk cloth called ashiginu that was woven in the Nara period (710-794). Because of the rivalry and encouragement that the clans in the province of Shinshu were given, sericulture was very popular and the production of pongee throughout the province flourished, and every year large quantities of cloth were dispatched to Kyoto.


Kanazawa Butsudan

Kanazawa Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Beginning of Kanazawa Butsudan can date back until the 17th century.

It is possible to trace the origins of Kanazawa Butsudan back to the 17th century. What prompted their production was the sheer number of people who had been converted to the Jodo Shinshu in the Hokuriku region of Japan, after Rennyo-shonin, a Buddhist priest of the same order visited the area to spread the word.


Kasama Yaki

Kasama Ware


As for the Kasama Yaki, it is considered to be opening at the middle of the Edo era that craftsman of Hakoda (now the Kasama city) baked kiln by instruction of ceramist of Shigaraki Yaki. We received protection, encouragement of feudal clan until Kasama feudal clan disappeared by establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains in the Meiji era.

Kasama Yaki started in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and was influenced by the feudal system until the abolition of the clans and the establishment of prefectures in the Meiji period (1868-1912).


Shogawa Hikimono Kiji

Shogawa Turnery

Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool

At the end of the 16th century, driftwood business to send wood which Kaga feudal clan which ruled area around current South Ishikawa used using flow of Shogawa was begun.

At the end of the 16th century, timber used by the Kaga clan, which governed the area mainly in the south of present-day Ishikawa prefecture, used the Shogawa river to float logs down stream. This is how the handling of timber began and the logs were stored in a pool within the district of Shogawa-cho, which became the largest collection point for timber in the Hokuriku region.


Kyo Butsudan

Kyoto Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Household Buddhist Altars was thing which varied from Buddhist altar (zushi) to, but was used as thing of samurai exclusively.

Household Buddhist altars were a variation of miniature shrines called zushi and were originally used exclusively by the warrior classes. It is thought that the production of ordinary household altars began in earnest with an increase in the numbers of people requiring one at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when the Tokugawa Shogunate introduced new religious policies.


Isesaki Kasuri

Isesaki Kasuri

Woven textiles

The history of Isesaki Kasuri can date back to the ancient times, but it is the late 17th century, and it is after that production center was formed.

Although the history of Isesaki Kasuri dates back to ancient times, it was not until the latter half of the 17th century that a production center for these cloths became established. Also, from the middle of the 19th century right up until relatively recent times, these cloths were known throughout Japan as Isesaki meisen.


Yame Chochin

Yame Lanterns

Other Crafts

It is assumed beginning of Yame Chochin that thing about simple painting was made with simplicity called place lantern in the early 19th century.

It seems likely that Yame Chochin came into being sometime at the beginning of the 19th century with the painting of simple decorations on a rudimentary form of paper lantern. By the middle of the same century great advances had been achieved in the design, causing something of a revolution in their making. And, by the end of the century, lanterns occupied an important position within local industry.


Awa Washi

Awa Paper

Washi Paper

Record that people who served the Imperial Court called mourning tribe now approximately 1,300 years ago plant hemp and paper mulberry, and promoted production of paper and cloth is seen in book in the ninth century, and the history of Awa Washi begins here.

A 9th-century document confirms that the history of Awa Washi goes back some 1,300 years to times when a family known as Inbe serving the Imperial court, was growing flax and paper mulberry and producing cloth and paper.


Gifu Chochin

Gifu Lanterns

Other Crafts

It was assumed opening that Gifu Chochin was made in Gifu in middle part of the 18th century and developed because Washi Paper, bamboo of raw materials were rich near.

Gifu Chochin were first made by Juzo, a lantern maker in Gifu and the abundant supply of local bamboo and paper contributed greatly to the development of the craft. It seems that lanterns with similar features to those available today were in general circulation around the first half of the 19th century, and while some were used for the Obon festival or Festival of the Dead, others were simply lit to enjoy the coolness of a summer evening.


Yaeyama Jofu

Yaeyama Ramie

Woven textiles

It was invaded and attacked, and Ryukyu was related by having been forced to weave for capitation tax that came to be imposed on for technical improvement of Yaeyama Jofu in Satsuma equal to current West Kagoshima in the early 17th century.

Satsuma was one of the old provinces occupying what is now the western part of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southern end of Kyushu. Forces from Satsuma invaded Ryukyu in 1609 and the compulsory weaving of Yaeyama Jofu to pay a poll tax that was levied, in turn led to an improvement of techniques.


Nibutani Ita

Nibutani Ita

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Nibutani Ita has been inherited by people of Ainu who lived in Saru abandonment area for more than 100 years. At the mid-19th century, record that half moon tray and round tray were given to from this area remains.

Nibutani Ita is a craft that has been passed down for over 100 years by the Ainu people living in the Saru River basin region. There are records that indicate that round and half-moon shaped trays were presented by the people of this region in the latter half of the 19th century.