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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Osaka

Osaka Karaki Sashimono

Osaka Fine Cabinetry

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Karaki product was taken home with him/her by envoy to the Tang Dynasty of the Nara era. Because rare tree was used, it is reason of Karaki armor-back held-flag with this tree tree of Tang, to have called with Karaki.

Fine rarewood cabinetry was brought to Japan by the envoys who visited Tang dynasty China, hence the name of these woods in Japanese is literally ""woods of Tang"" or karaki. During the Edo period (1600-1868) when foreign intrusions were mostly shunned, rarewoods come into the country via Nagasaki and they were distributed through a wholesaler of medicines in Osaka.

Aichi

Mikawa Butsudan

Mikawa Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Beginning of Mikawa Butsudan dates back to the middle of Edo era. maridato is said to be master of Household Buddhist Altars having made Household Buddhist Altars as materials with lacquer produced in pine, cedar, good timber and the foot of hinoki provided using transportation by water of the Yahagi River of Sanage (there does not seem to be monkey) in northern Mikawa at the beginning.

Mikawa Butsudan date back to the middle of the 18th century. It was then that a certain altar maker made an altar using good pine, cedar and cypress that was brought down the Yasakugawa river and finished his work using natural lacquer tapped from trees at the foot of Mt. Sarunage in the north of Mikawa.

Niigata

Ojiya Tsumugi

Ojiya Pongee

Woven textiles

Silk pongee thing was founded with sericulture that began in the middle of Edo era. Late in the Edo era, it was production center as raw silk merchant came for business talk from prosperous place of Woven textiles of Joshu or Kyoto equal to current Gunma.

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

Niigata

Nagaoka Butsudan

Nagaoka Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

It is informed by each places of the whole country Nagaoka Butsudan with the opening that carpenter specializing in building shrines and temples, master craftsman of Buddhist image, engraver, painter (master) who gathered dealt with Household Buddhist Altars production as side job during winter to build temple, main shrine in area around Nagaoka-shi in the about 17th century. In the early 19th century, Household Buddhist Altars came to be managed as local industry.

During the 17th century, a number of temples and shrines were built in and around the city of Nagaoka. It seems that the specialist carpenters, sculptors of Buddhist images, sculptors of other carved elements and lacquerers who had come into the area from all over the country because of this building work, started making household Buddhist altars during the winter months.

Mie

Ise Katagami

Ise Paper Stencils

Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool

The history of Ise Katagami is old, and, about the opening, there are various opinions. It is thought that there was form paper from place drawing senshokujin where illustrator of the Muromachi era uses form for "picture of many artisans" (shokuninzukushie) for last years in the Muromachi era.

Although the history of these stencil papers dates back a very long way, no one is too sure as to actually when they were first made. However, it seems likely that they were already in existence at the end of the Muromachi period (1392-1573) because a contemporary painter called Kano Yoshinobu, depicted someone using a stencil in a painting called Shokunin-zukushi-e.

Toyama

Takaoka Doki

Takaoka Bronze Casting

Metalworking product

Takaoka Doki begins in Kaga Maeda feudal clan inviting seven floggers with technique of Tannan, Kawachi that is the birthplace of casting at the beginning of the Edo era, and having established foundry.

Takaoka Doki dates back to the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when the Maeda clan in Kaga invited seven highly skilled metal casters from a long established metal casting area to come and work at a newly opened workshop.

Tokyo

Murayama Oshima Tsumugi

Murayama Oshima Fabrics

Woven textiles

Beginning of Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is said to be in the latter half of the Edo era.

While the history of this kimono cloth only seems to date back to the middle of the 19th century, it was in 1920 that the techniques associated with two different cloths were combined to produce the silk cloth known as Murayama Oshima Tsumugi.

Okinawa

Kijoka No Bashofu

Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth

Woven textiles

It is thought that abaca cloth has been already made in the about thirteenth century, but it becomes in the early modern times to have spread out among people and is after.

It seems that banana fiber cloth was already being made around the 13th century but it was much later that it became popular. In the old days banana trees were planted in gardens and fields, and the womenfolk of a family wove it into fabric for home use. Silk and cotton became much more readily available during the 19th century but people still enjoyed wearing banana fiber cloth. Kijoka no Bashofu, which carries on these traditions, was designated as a cultural property by the Prefecture in 1972 and two years later in 1974 it was made an important intangible cultural property by the nation.

Aichi

Owari Shippo

Owari Cloisonne

Other Crafts

As for the beginning of Owari Shippo, it was assumed opening late in the Edo era what Tsunekichi Kaji (kajitsunekichi) of Owari equal to area around current Nagoya-shi made, and skills and techniques was established by Tsunekichi.

It was not until the latter part of the Edo period (1600-1868) that Owari Shippo got its start. The area centered on present-day Nagoya was the domain of the Owari clan. The first pieces were made here and the skills and techniques of this craft gradually became established. The oldest piece of authenticated Owari Shippo is a sake cup made in 1833.

Okinawa

Yaeyama Minsa

Yaeyama Minsaa

Woven textiles

Because we come from Afghanistan through Chugoku, and, in the early 16th century of the King prefecture era, use of cotton cloth (mincer) is written down,

There are records confirming that a cotton cloth or minsaa which had originated in Afghanistan and had been brought to the Ryukyus from China was in use at the beginning of the 16th century at the Ryukyu court. It seems fairly certain, therefore, that minsaa was already being woven in the Yaeyama area about this time. The name minsaa is derived from min meaning cotton and saa meaning narrow band.

Saitama

Chichibu Meisen

Chichibu Meisen

Woven textiles

As for the origin, original in 1908 in the Edo era; "understand; acquired patent in textile printing" technique, and reached the prosperity.

This textile originated in the Edo period, and in 1908, the unique hogushi nassen dyeing technique was patented, and the craft prospered.

Iwate

Hidehira Nuri

Hidehira Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

We had our own way with power and financial power in Hiraizumi-cho, Iwate for last years of the Heian era, and, with Oshu Fujiwara who brought Buddhist art including Chuson-ji gold temple (chusonjikonjikido) on this ground, Hidehira Nuri was begun.

This lacquer craft really began when Ohshu Fujiwara wielded power over Hiraizumi in Iwate Prefecture toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185). It was he who lent this support to the building of the temple, Chusonji with its famous Konjikido and many fine pieces of Buddhist art in general.