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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Yamaguchi

Akama Suzuri

Akama Inkstones

Writing tools and Abacus

Akama Suzuri has record dedicated to Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu at the beginning of the Kamakura era. We were extended the market in each place in the middle of Edo era.

Records exist showing that an Akama Suzuri was offered at the Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine in Kamakura at the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333). By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) these inkstones were being sold up and down the country.

Akita

Akita Sugi Oke Taru

Akita Cedar Cooperage

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Sheet, baseplate, handle which we used for pail considered to belong to the 15th to the 16th century are excavated from the remains of Akita Castle.

Elements of tubs dating from the 15th and 16th centuries have been discovered at the former site of Akita castle. Records dating from the beginning of the 17th century kept by one of the old families of the Akita clan, make it clear that tubs were being used at a sake maker within the present-day district of Ogatsu-cho.

Okinawa

Kijoka No Bashofu

Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth

Woven textiles

It is thought that abaca cloth has been already made in the about thirteenth century, but it becomes in the early modern times to have spread out among people and is after.

It seems that banana fiber cloth was already being made around the 13th century but it was much later that it became popular. In the old days banana trees were planted in gardens and fields, and the womenfolk of a family wove it into fabric for home use. Silk and cotton became much more readily available during the 19th century but people still enjoyed wearing banana fiber cloth. Kijoka no Bashofu, which carries on these traditions, was designated as a cultural property by the Prefecture in 1972 and two years later in 1974 it was made an important intangible cultural property by the nation.

Ishikawa

Ushikubi Tsumugi

Ushikubi Pongee

Woven textiles

The name of Ushikubi Tsumugi comes from the place name of Ushikubi-mura (current Shiramine-mura, Ishikawa) of the foot of Hakusan which is the straight production center. When defeated soldier Ohata of Genji which lost in revolt of terminal Heiji in the Heian era flees into Ushikubi-mura and held Yamashiro, we are informed by place that tell women of village the skill so that wives of Ohata who went together weave plane (hata) because it was superior when it began. Description of "mo*so" of the early period of Edo era is beginning by documents. Is said that was sold to the whole country widely late in the Edo era; around 1935 of production peaked.

Ushikubi Tsumugi is named after a village called Ushikubi, which lies at the foot of Mount Hakuzan, where this fabric is produced. This village is now called Shiramineson and is in present-day Ishikawa Prefecture.

Tokyo

Honba Kihachijo

Kihachijo Fabrics

Woven textiles

In the old days, Norinaga Motoori left with "zururamukashi where the name of island called pseudo hachijo-silk was than that hachijo-silk".

It seems that the island of Kihachijo got its name from the Hachijo cloth, and the island was a supplier of silk right back in the Muromachi period (1392-1573). Since the middle of the 18th century, very elegant striped and checked cloths have been woven on the island, and these kimono cloths and obi still have many followers today.

Osaka

Osaka Ranma

Osaka Transoms

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

As for the beginning of Osaka Ranma, technique to become the cause of the tradition technique is seen in Saint Shinto shrine or Shitenno-ji Temple in Osaka in the early 17th century.

The origins of this craft date back to the beginning of the 17th century and the traditional woodworking skills that can be seen at Osaka's Hijiri Shrine and Shiteno-ji temple. Gradually during the 18th century, transoms were mainly introduced into merchant's houses not only for practical reasons of ventilation and lighting but also as a decorative element capable of raising the quality of interior space, especially in rooms where guest would be received.

Shimane

Sekishu Washi

Sekishu Paper

Washi Paper

In "Engi era expression (engishiki) written in the Heian era," the name of Iwami comes up.

While mention is made of Sekishu in the Engishiki, a Heian period (794-1185) document on court protocol, a more direct reference to paper is made in the Kamisuki Chohoki, a ""A Manual of Papermaking"" published in 1798. It says that when a Kakinomotono Hitomaro went to take up the post of protector in the province of Iwami (Shimane prefecture), he taught the people there how to make paper.

Shimane

Iwami Yaki

Iwami Ware

Ceramics

It was in the middle of the Edo era, and local craftsman learned the ceramics method than ceramist of current Yamaguchi, and small products such as one side of the story or sake bottle of Iwami Yaki came to be made.

About 1763, Morita Motozo who lived in the province of Iwami learned how to make pottery from a potter from present-day Yamaguchi prefecture, and he began making small items such as lipped bowls and sake flasks. Some 20 years later, it seems that much larger pieces of pottery such as water jars found their way into the area from present-day Okayama prefecture and these were also made.

Osaka

Sakai Uchihamono

Sakai Forged Blades

Metalworking product

Gun, cigarette were transmitted by middle part, Portuguese of the 16th century. Because "cigarette kitchen knife" which ticked away tobacco leaves came to be made in Sakai in the latter half of the 16th century, and Tokugawa shogunate government gave Sakai seal of quality proof called "hallmark" and admitted monopoly, the sharpness and fame of Sakai knife opened to whole country each place.

Guns and tobacco were introduced into Japan in the middle of the 16th century by the Portuguese. By the end of that century, small tobacco knives were being forged in Sakai and the Tokugawa Shogunate awarded the forgers of Sakai a special seal of approval and guarantee of their quality.

Kumamoto

Shodai Yaki

Shodai Ware

Ceramics

Tadatoshi Hosokawa becomes change seal in Higo country from Buzen country in 1632 (Kanei 9) and ceramist source seven (the female Shojis first generation) and eight Court Security Office (the Katsuragi house first generation) which followed this are ordered potter and are broken including Shodai Yaki.

When Hosokawa Tadatoshi moved from the fief of Buzen to take control of the fief of Higo in 1632, two master potters were appointed. One of these was Genhichi, the first of a long line of potters of the Hinkoji family, and the other was Hachizaemon, the first of successive generations of potters from the Katsuragi family. It was the appointment of these two men that is said to have marked the beginnings of the making of Shodai Yaki.

Yamagata

Yamagata Butsudan

Yamagata Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Because was in the middle of the Edo era, and came to trade safflower; of person from the Kyoto area became busy, and Household Buddhist Altars , culture of the making of Household Buddhist Fittings entered at Kyoto.

By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), the number of people travelling to and from Kyoto had increased because of the trade in such crops as safflower from Yamagata. As a result, Buddhist altar culture found its way into the area.

Tokyo

Edo Karakami

Edo Decorative Papers

Other Crafts

The karakamino source dated back to draft of tanka writing paper which transcripted 31-syllable Japanese poem of the Heian era, but came to be put on sliding paper-door or screen the Middle Ages later. Demand increased and accomplished original development while citizen-based town planning of Edo by Tokugawa shogunate government advanced in the Edo era.

The origin of these decorative papers dates back to a type of paper used during the Heian period (794-1185) to write out the traditional style of poem called a waka. Nevertheless, it was not until the Middle Ages that decorative papers were applied to free-standing screens and were stretched over the sliding screens called fusuma dividing interior space.