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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Fukushima

Obori Soma Yaki

Obori Soma Ware

Ceramics

It is said that Obori Soma Yaki was begun to make in the early period of Edo era (1690). It was in those days in the most big production center in the Tohoku district where more than 100 potteries lined up for last years in the Edo era because Soma feudal clan which ruled the district protected grilled manufacturing, and they brought up.

Indications are that the origins of Obori Soma Yaki go back to toward the end of the 17th century.

Fukushima

Aizu Hongo Yaki

Aizu Hongo Ware

Ceramics

Because we baked tile to use for roof of Kurokawa Castle of Aizu Wakamatsu (young Matsushiro) for the age of civil strife, it is said that grilled manufacturing began. Because we protected grilled manufacturing, and feudal lord of Aizu feudal clan brought up early in the Edo era, Aizu Hongo Yaki prospered as order kiln of Aizu feudal clan. Production of container of living for general people began afterwards, too.

It seems that the making of pottery started here during the Sengoku period (1428-1573), when tiles to roof a castle in Aizuwakamatsu were being made. Then, during the early years of the Edo period (1600-1868) Hoshina Masayuki, who led the Aizu clan, saw a need to patronize and further the making of pottery, and the production of what became Aizu Hongo Yaki ware flourished under the supervision of the clan. This subsequently led to the making of everyday pieces of pottery for use by people at large. Production of ceramics here suffered badly due to fighting just prior to the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and as a result of a devastating fire in the Taisho period (1912-1926). The industry recovered, however, and is still thriving today. It has the distinction of being the oldest area where white porcelain is produced in the whole of northeastern Japan.

Ibaraki

Kasama Yaki

Kasama Ware

Ceramics

As for the Kasama Yaki, it is considered to be opening at the middle of the Edo era that craftsman of Hakoda (now the Kasama city) baked kiln by instruction of ceramist of Shigaraki Yaki. We received protection, encouragement of feudal clan until Kasama feudal clan disappeared by establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains in the Meiji era.

Kasama Yaki started in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and was influenced by the feudal system until the abolition of the clans and the establishment of prefectures in the Meiji period (1868-1912).

Tochigi

Mashiko Yaki

Mashiko Ware

Ceramics

It began under the influence of middle part, Kasama Yaki of the 19th century. Early Mashiko Yaki caught support of feudal clan and baked daily necessities, and thing made in that way was used in kitchen of Edo.

The distinctive Mashiko style of pottery developed sometime about the middle of the 19th century having come under the influence of Kasama Yaki. In the early days, everyday articles were made with the support of the local clan and many of the pieces found their way into the kitchens of Edo.

Ishikawa

Kutani Yaki

Kutani Ware

Ceramics

It is Old Kutani Yaki (kokutaniyaki) that was begun in the ground of Kutani chinaware at the in the middle time in the 17th century by clay for chinaware having been discovered in mine of Kutani chinaware and craftsman of Kaga feudal clan having learned technique made with porcelain in present Arita-cho, Saga. Kutani porcelain made up the unique powerful style beauty to have both generosity and flamboyance of Hyakumangoku, Kaga culture, but was not made suddenly around the end of the 17th century. Kutani Yaki came to be burnt again afterwards when the 19th century began.

The first porcelain to be produced in the Kutani area was in the 17th century, when a member of the Kaga clan, Goto Saijiro, who had studied the techniques of making porcelain in Arita in northern Kyushu, set up a kiln making Kokutani ware, a suitable porcelain clay having been discovered in the area.

Gifu

Mino Yaki

Mino Ware

Ceramics

The history of Mino Yaki is old and dates back to 1300 until the above now. Technique of earthen vessel was introduced from the Korean Peninsula first. Earthenware which gave ash glaze (buy, and say) which was said to be haku* (inform) when it was the Heian era (the tenth century) came to be baked.

The history of Mino Yaki goes back some 1,300 years. The techniques of making a Sueki ware were introduced from Korea and then in the 10th century, an ash glaze called shirashi started to be used. This simply amounted to the glazing of the Sue ware with the glaze. It was about this time that the number of kilns increased and a production center for this ware became established.

Aichi

Tokoname Yaki

Tokoname Ware

Ceramics

We can sail up until last years of Heian era, and model of Tokoname Yaki which is said to be old Tokoname Yaki is counted in one of Japanese six Old kilns. In the Heian era, we put thing which we wrote sutra of Buddhism and buried in the underground, and scripture mound pot (kyozukatsubo) to pray for benefit was made.

Pieces representing the beginnings of Tokoname Yaki were made at the end of the Heian period (794-1185) and it is now counted among Japan's six old kilns. During the Heian period, Kyozuka urns were made in which to put Buddhist sutras before burial in the ground as a way of asking favors of the Buddha. During the Muromachi period (1392-1573), the pottery produced mainly tea bowls and other tea ceremony items as well as ikebana flower vases. Jars appeared in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and normal household tableware started to be produced at the end of the Edo period alongside the prized tea ceremony pieces. Sanitary items such as drain-pipes, wash-hand basin and toilets, tiles and plant pots were added to the list of products in the Meiji period (1868-1912). Undoubtedly the vast range of products available today is the result of being a production center with plentiful supplies of good quality clay to hand, and because of the area's ability to change its line of main products in step with demand down through history.

Aichi

Akazu Yaki

Akazu Ware

Ceramics

Beginning of Akazu Yaki dated back to earthenware vessel earthen vessel burnt in the Nara era (about 700), and traditional skills and techniques and name that there was established now early in the Edo era.

The origins of this ware date back to an earthenware called sueki that was made about 700, during the Nara period (710-794), although the traditional skills, techniques and nomenclature of Akazu Yaki that are still in use today were established during the early years of the Edo period (1600-1868). It was the period slightly prior to this that saw the establishment of glazing techniques that are still in use, namely shino, oribe, kizeto, and ofuke.

Aichi

Seto Sometsuke Yaki

Seto Underglazed Ware

Ceramics

Burning technology and picture technique of porcelain which native took home with him/her from Kyushu to be soft, and to put picture with moisture for of Sinicism that received instruction from specialist in picture belonging to influenced each other and, at the beginning of the 19th century, greatly developed, and skills and techniques of Seto Sometsuke Yaki was established at the mid-19th century.

At the beginning of the 19th century, local people returned from Kyushu armed with the techniques for firing porcelain and a way of applying decorations using a soft Southern Sung Dynasty style of painting with great charm that they had learned from a specialist painter.

Mie

Yokkaichi Banko Yaki

Yokaichi Banko Ware

Ceramics

Business magnate who was in the middle of the Edo era had person called Rozan Nunami approximately 260 years ago. It is origin of the name of manko* that we load with wish so that one's work reaches forever, and playing mountain which made ceramic art hobby for tea ceremony in detail pushed seal of "mankofui" (bankofueki). We had suspended manko* born with death of playing mountain, but it became late in the Edo era and came to be baked again in this way.

Some 260 years ago there lived a wealthy merchant, Nunami Rozan. He was a knowledgeable exponent of tea and was interested in pottery. In fact, the name Banko-yaki or Banko ware originates from pieces he made himself. He stamped them with bankofueki, or literally "eternity, constancy", hoping they would be handed down through endless generations after he was gone.

Mie

Iga Yaki

Iga Ware

Ceramics

Opening dates back to the eighth century from the late seventh century. Earthenware vessel called earthen vessel is baked, too, and unglazed pottery for agriculture was made while it is the beginning, but is when tile of temple was made in the Asuka era.

The origins of this ware date back to sometime between the second half of the 7th century and 8th century A.D. At the time, a type of earthenware called sueki was being fired and in the early days, seed pots used by farmers were being made. Subsequently, however, it seems that temple roof tiles were produced.

Fukui

Echizen Yaki

Echizen Ware

Ceramics

Echizen Yaki is counted in one of Japanese six old kilns, and the history is very old.

Echizen Yaki ranks among Japan's six old kilns and therefore has a history dating back many centuries. First fired toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185), upward of 200 old kilns sites have been discovered in the area to date. It was in these massive old kilns that all manner of everyday articles such as pots, jars, mortars, flasks, and jars in which to keep a black tooth dye fashionable at the time were fired.