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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Fukushima

Obori Soma Yaki

Obori Soma Ware

Ceramics

It is said that Obori Soma Yaki was begun to make in the early period of Edo era (1690). It was in those days in the most big production center in the Tohoku district where more than 100 potteries lined up for last years in the Edo era because Soma feudal clan which ruled the district protected grilled manufacturing, and they brought up.

Indications are that the origins of Obori Soma Yaki go back to toward the end of the 17th century.

Fukushima

Aizu Hongo Yaki

Aizu Hongo Ware

Ceramics

Because we baked tile to use for roof of Kurokawa Castle of Aizu Wakamatsu (young Matsushiro) for the age of civil strife, it is said that grilled manufacturing began. Because we protected grilled manufacturing, and feudal lord of Aizu feudal clan brought up early in the Edo era, Aizu Hongo Yaki prospered as order kiln of Aizu feudal clan. Production of container of living for general people began afterwards, too.

It seems that the making of pottery started here during the Sengoku period (1428-1573), when tiles to roof a castle in Aizuwakamatsu were being made. Then, during the early years of the Edo period (1600-1868) Hoshina Masayuki, who led the Aizu clan, saw a need to patronize and further the making of pottery, and the production of what became Aizu Hongo Yaki ware flourished under the supervision of the clan. This subsequently led to the making of everyday pieces of pottery for use by people at large. Production of ceramics here suffered badly due to fighting just prior to the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and as a result of a devastating fire in the Taisho period (1912-1926). The industry recovered, however, and is still thriving today. It has the distinction of being the oldest area where white porcelain is produced in the whole of northeastern Japan.

Fukushima

Aizu Nuri

Aizu Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

What recommended that the whole families who had power in this district in the Muromachi era plant lacquered tree does by opening.

It was the planting of lacquer trees promoted by a powerful local family during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) that led to the making of Aizu Nuri. Then, when Gamo Ujisato who hailed from present-day Shiga Prefecture arrived to head the Aizu clan in the Momoyama period (1573-1600), he brought skilled lacquerers to this northern region from Shiga. Their skills were disseminated and as a result of fostering the development of techniques in crafts using lacquer, Aizu soon became a production center for all kinds of lacquer ware.

Fukushima

Oku Aizu Amikumi Zaiku

Okuaizu Basketry

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

In the remains of Arayashiki of Mishima-machi, Onuma-gun, Fukushima, pieces such as group of knitting of rope and basket are excavated, and it becomes clear that we knit from Jomon period, and skills and techniques of group existed.

Fragments of simple basketry and rope were discovered at the Arayashiki archeological dig in the town of Mishima, Ohnuma county in Fukushima Prefecture, proving that the skills and techniques of weaving and twisting ropes existed in the area as far back as the Jomon period, which covers the period of Japanese history from about 10,000 B.C. to 300 B.C. Then, in one ancient local chronicle about farming, reference is made of the fact that baskets were being made from vegetable and plant material in the Aizu region.