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Miyajima Zaiku

Miyajima Woodwork

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Carpenter, cabinetmaker were invited from Kamakura district, Kyoto region to build Shinto shrine and temple in the early period of Kamakura era. Thing descending from the technique is current Miyajima Zaiku.

At the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333), carpenters and cabinet makers were invited from Kyoto and Kamakura to build temples and shrines in the area, and Miyajima Zaiku as it is today, is a natural extension of the techniques that were used.


Hiroshima Butsudan

Hiroshima Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Hiroshima was nature of the locality that the Jodo Shin sect of Buddhism was prosperous for a long time. Early in the Edo era, we assumed techniques such as decoration metal fittings worker and round chip box worker (in the case of string comb), painter (master) who moved from Kishu the cause, and Buddhist priest called *ko (tonkou) went to Kyoto, Osaka, and skills and techniques of Hiroshima Butsudan was established afterwards by learning high production technology of Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings, and having returned.

The Jodo Shinshu of Buddhism has found favor among the people in Hiroshima for any hundreds of years. At the beginning of the 17th century a number of artisans skilled in making decorative fittings, braided cords and lacquerers moved into the Hiroshima area from Kishu, and it was their skills that became the foundation of household altar making in this area.


Kumano Fude

Kumano Brushes

Writing tools and Abacus

When most of farmers whom life could not support went to Kumano district of Kishu equal to current Wakayama and Yoshino district of Yamato equal to Nara to work only by agriculture for the agriculture shut period in the Edo era and returned to hometown, we stocked writing brush and sumi made in those districts and peddled. Because we did so, Kumano and ties of writing brush were born.

During the Edo period (1600-1868), many farmers found life very difficult. When there was no farm work, peasants went off in search of work to the Kumano district in Kishu corresponding to present-day Wakayama and the Yoshino area of Yamato, which is now Nara Prefecture. On returning to their homelands they sold writing brushes and ink they had acquired from these places. Ultimately, this led to the making of brushes in Kumano.


Kawajiri Fude

Kawajiri Brushes

Writing tools and Abacus

As for production center and the relation of writing brush, Kikutani high priest learned in three Sutras stocks writing brush from Settsu Arima (current Hyogo) in the early 19th century, and it is said to be opening to have sold in private elementary schools of the Edo period.

It seems that the link between Kure and writing brushes dates back to when some brushes were acquired from a region of what is now Hyogo Prefecture by one Kikutani Sanzo at the beginning of the 19th century. The brushes were brought for use at the temples in the area and, as a result of this business, the advantages of actually making brushes during the slack time of the agricultural calendar were explained to the local farmers.


Fukuyama Koto

Fukuyama Koto

Other Crafts

Beginning of Fukuyama Koto is said that it is about time when Fukuyama-jo Castle was built early in the Edo era. Artistic accomplishments were prosperous, and even Fukuyama fitted encouragement of each generation feudal lord, and, in castle town of Edo, songs and ballads, sound music were performed flourishingly.

It seems likely that the making of Fukuyama Koto started at the time of the erection of a castle at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868) in Fukuyama, which is now a city in Hiroshima Prefecture. Craft industries flourished in castle towns during the Edo period, and with encouragement from the feudal lord at the time, both accompanied and unaccompanied songs were very popular in Fukuyama.