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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Kyoto

Nishijin Ori

Nishijin Textiles

Woven textiles

Because craftsmen gathered and did Woven textiles, the name called Nishijin was touched in place that the west military assumed Honjin after revolt at the time of Onin War of the Muromachi era. As the history of Woven textiles, it can date back to texture technology which was hung down by Hata before the Heian era. Nishijin Ori developed as leading figure of texture culture mainly on Imperial Court culture.

The name Nishijin was given to these textiles because weavers settled in the area which had been the headquarters of the west camp or Nishijin at the time of the Onin War. Lasting eleven years, these hostilities took place during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) from 1467 to 1477, when lords from many provinces divided into east and west factions.

Kyoto

Kyo Kanoko Shibori

Kyoto Kanoko Shibori

Dyed Textiles

Tie-dyeing was performed for some time in Japan for one thousand several hundred years and has been used as pattern expression of Imperial Court clothes.

Shaped resist tie-dyeing, or shibori has been carried out for over a thousand years in Japan and was used for the patterns on court dress. It is known as kanoko shibori, or literally "fawn spot tie-dyeing" because of its resemblance to the spots on a young fawn.

Kyoto

Kyo Yuzen

Kyoto Yuzen Dyeing

Dyed Textiles

Dyeing technique reaches from the eighth century, and it is informed that freehand drawing yuzen was established in the Edo era by eshikyusakitomozen* of Kyoto. Popular kyusakitomozen* adopted one's style of painting in design as Ougi illustrator, and "Yuzen process" was born in field of design dyeing in what we made use of.

Although dyeing techniques had existed since the 8th century, it is said that the yuzen technique of painting dye directly onto cloth was established by Miyazaki Yuzensai, a popular fan painter living in Kyoto toward the end of the 17th century. He introduced his own style of painting as a way of rendering pattern and this led to the birth of this handpainted dyeing technique.

Kyoto

Kyo Komon

Kyoto Fine-Pattern Dyeing

Dyed Textiles

Beginning of Kyo Komon dates back 1,200 years before paper pattern becoming basics was made. When various silk fabrics were produced, after Onin War happened in the Muromachi era, crossroads ka dye in cherry blossom color and chaokusen developed, and there was Shokunincho of dyeing around Horikawa of Kyoto.

Kyo Komon dates back more than 1,200 years, when the all-essential stencil papers were first made.

Kyoto

Kyo Kuromontsuki Zome

Kyoto Black Dyeing

Dyed Textiles

What the history of kokusen was very old, and sailed up until the tenth century, but was established as kokumonfusen in the 17th century is considered that first.

Although the dyeing of cloth black has a very long history dating back to the 10th century, it seems that it was not until the 17th century that it became established as a recognized craft to include family crests.

Kyoto

Kyo Nui

Kyoto Embroidery

Other textiles

When Heiankyo was made, as for the Kyo Nui, it is assumed opening that section called textiles office (oribenotsukasa) having craftsman to embroider was put.

Kyo Nui probably dates back to 794 when the new capital of Heian Kyo (Kyoto) was established and a department of weaving were many embroiders worked was set up at the imperial court.

Kyoto

Kyo Kumihimo

Kyoto Kumihimo Braids

Other textiles

By living of Jomon period, it is easy twist rihimoya; crossed, and string was used.

Both twisted cord and simple braided cord were used in everyday life during the Jomon period (ca. 10,000 - ca. 300 B.C). Kyoto braided cord is reported to have appeared in the Heian period (794-1185) but techniques in the making of practical braided cord developed in the Kamakura period (1185-1333) as the use of armor increased. Production of cord for haori, short kimono jackets, started in the Edo period (1600-1868).

Kyoto

Kyo Yaki - Kiyomizu Yaki

Kyoto-Kiyomizu Ware

Ceramics

Opening dated back before the Heian era, but grilled manufacturing began with building of Heiankyo in earnest. Thereafter Kyoto produces perfect gem with superior ceramist in sequence. Excellent ceramist called jinsei (result not to be similar) and Kenzan (kenzan) appeared in the 17th century, and Egawa (we obtain and do not shirr) succeeded in burning of porcelain in the 19th century and, in addition, master craftsmen and others such as tree rice (we put and are), maintenance (hozen), jinaya (not similar despise) were remarkable and played an active part.

Although this craft dates back to before the Heian period (794-1185), the making of pottery began in earnest when the capital of Heian-kyo (now Kyoto) was founded in 794. Since that time Kyoto has been the home to many famous potters and the birthplace of many fine pieces of work.

Kyoto

Kyo Shikki

Kyoto Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

We were affected by Tang in the Nara era, and a certain technique was brought about under the lacquer work. This technique was inherited with peaceful capital relocation in Kyoto and developed.

The maki-e technique of laying down gold and silver powders was preceded by techniques which first came into being during the Nara period (710-794), when Japan was under the influence of Tang dynasty China. The same techniques continued to be used and were developed during the Heian period (794-1185), when the capital was moved to Heian-kyo, now Kyoto.

Kyoto

Kyo Sashimono

Kyoto Joinery

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Opening dates back to the Heian era. Specialized cabinetmaker appeared after the Muromachi era, and, with establishment of tea ceremony culture, Kyo Sashimono developed, too.

Although this craft dates back to the Heian period (794-1185), specialist cabinet makers did not appear until during the Muromachi period (1392-1573), when this form of joinery developed in step with the ceremonial drinking of tea. Beside a range of the finest traditional household furniture made in solid wood, many pieces of turnery, bentwood work and items made from boards are also fashioned from such woods as paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa), Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), mulberry (Morus) and zelkova (Zelkova serrata).

Kyoto

Kyo Butsudan

Kyoto Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Household Buddhist Altars was thing which varied from Buddhist altar (zushi) to, but was used as thing of samurai exclusively.

Household Buddhist altars were a variation of miniature shrines called zushi and were originally used exclusively by the warrior classes. It is thought that the production of ordinary household altars began in earnest with an increase in the numbers of people requiring one at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when the Tokugawa Shogunate introduced new religious policies.

Kyoto

Kyo Butsugu

Kyoto Buddhist Paraphernalia

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

It is thought that the production was begun as for the Household Buddhist Fittings in Kyoto in figure Saicho in peaceful Buddhism belonging to characteristic, the about eighth century in the times of the empty sea.

It is conceivable that the various pieces of paraphernalia associated with Buddhism were first produced in Kyoto around the 8th century, when the monks Saichou and Kukai were exerting their influence on Heian Buddhism.