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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Fukui

Wakasa Nuri

Wakasa Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

As for the Wakasa Nuri, craftsman of lacquering of Kohama feudal clan located near Wakasa-wan Bay at the beginning of the Edo era got hint in technique of the making of Laquer Ware of Chugoku and we graphically designed state of the bottom of the sea and began. "Seaweed-patterned lacquering" (isokusanuri) was begun to knit by "chrysanthemum dust coat" (work pitch a camp paint) what repeated invention improved by this, and was born by pupil of the designer.

The making of Wakasa Nuri began at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when lacquerers of the Obama clan near Wakasa Bay started decorating their work with designs depicting elements of the ocean floor, having got the idea from techniques used in Chinese lacquer ware.

Kochi

Tosa Uchihamono

Tosa Forged Blades

Metalworking product

It is written down in long sect me part District Public Prosecutor's Office book who performed total land surveying of Tosa alone in 1590 (Tensho 18) that there were 399 blacksmith'ses. The full-scale prosperity of Tosa Uchihamono begins with Genna reform (1621) by initial Tosa feudal clan in the Edo era.

Records show that at the end of the 16th century there were some 400 smiths at work in Tosa. While they were skilled in the making of the samurai sword, they also seem to have made sickles and knives at the request of local farmers. Subsequently, with the promotion of forestry and the development of new fields in the area, bladed tools for agriculture and forestry were made in large quantities and a production center for forged goods came into being.

Fukushima

Oku-aizu Showa Karamushi fabric

Oku-Aizu Showa Karamushi Textiles

Woven textiles

It is plant which is called ramie, and we pick quarrel with, doing hands down cultivation technology from ancient times.

Karamushi is a plant also known as ramie, whose cultivation techniques have been passed down since olden times. All processes from cultivation up to weaving karamushi are done by hand in Showa Village where it is cultivated to produce fine linen textiles. Due to its superior moisture absorption and quick drying properties, it is used not only for making summer clothing, but also for making accessories, ornaments, and other articles.

Kochi

Tosa Washi

Tosa Paper

Washi Paper

The name of Tosa Washi appears in "Engi era ceremony" (engishiki) written in the Heian era as presentation product.

Various kinds of paper for calligraphy, paper crafts, art papers and specialist papers to be used in the home are made under a name, which is mentioned in connection with paper presented to the court in an official Heian period (794-1185) document, the Engishiki. This has led people to believe that Tosa was already a center for the production of paper during this period.

Akita

Kawatsura Shikki

Kawatsura Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

It is done with opening that we gave vassal an order for younger brother of feudal lord who ruled over this district in the Kamakura era painting arms with lacquer using beech and lacquer cut and brought down from local mountain as side job.

The beginnings of this craft go back to the Kamakura period (1185-1333), when the younger brother of the lord of the fief who ruled this area, ordered the retainers to take up lacquering pieces of armor and weaponry as a job, using locally tapped lacquer and Japanese beech cut from the mountains in the area. The making of bowls began in earnest in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and by the end of the period work was concentrated on the three districts of Kawatsura in what is now Inakawa-cho, Odate and Minashi and the making of everyday pieces of household goods flourished in what had become a production center.

Aomori

Tsugaru Nuri

Tsugaru Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Beginning of Tsugaru Nuri dates back early in the Edo era. When craftsman made with Laquer Ware which was renewed by feudal lord of Tsugaru feudal clan whether it is meal began, we are informed.

The making of this ware dates back to the beginning of the 17th century, when the fourth generation of leaders of the Tsugaru clan engaged craftsmen skilled in the making of lacquer ware. A production center became established toward the end of the 19th century and the craft developed from the traditional skills which had been acquired over the preceding period of approximately 300 years.

Tokushima

Awa Shoai Shijira Ori

Awa Indigo Cotton

Woven textiles

Called "praise texture" woven as for Awa shijira texture flourishingly in the Awa district at the end of the 18th century improvement was added to striped cotton at the beginning of the Meiji era and came to be woven.

This Awa Shoai Shijira Ori was developed from a striped cotton cloth called tatae-ori that was being extensively woven throughout the Awa area at the end of the 18th century. Various reasons have been put forward as to why this development took place but it seems likely that is was the result of finding that when wet cloth was dried in the sun, it produced an interesting natural crepe effect.

Tokyo

Murayama Oshima Tsumugi

Murayama Oshima Fabrics

Woven textiles

Beginning of Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is said to be in the latter half of the Edo era.

While the history of this kimono cloth only seems to date back to the middle of the 19th century, it was in 1920 that the techniques associated with two different cloths were combined to produce the silk cloth known as Murayama Oshima Tsumugi.

Tokyo

Honba Kihachijo

Kihachijo Fabrics

Woven textiles

In the old days, Norinaga Motoori left with "zururamukashi where the name of island called pseudo hachijo-silk was than that hachijo-silk".

It seems that the island of Kihachijo got its name from the Hachijo cloth, and the island was a supplier of silk right back in the Muromachi period (1392-1573). Since the middle of the 18th century, very elegant striped and checked cloths have been woven on the island, and these kimono cloths and obi still have many followers today.

Hyogo

Izushi Yaki

Izushi Ware

Ceramics

Because uncut stone of a large quantity of white porcelain was discovered in hometown in the middle of Edo era, we receive support of feudal lord and invite ceramist of present Arita-cho, Saga, and it is done with opening what made porcelain in castle town of Izushi.

Large quantities of kaolin were discovered in the area during the 18th century. With the help of the local feudal lord, potters skilled in the making of porcelain from Arita in present-day Saga Prefecture were brought in to help, and the porcelain made in the castle town of Izushi marked the beginnings of this ware. Subsequently, the number of kilns increased in and around this castle town and a production center became established.

Okayama

Bizen Yaki

Bizen Ware

Ceramics

The history of Bizen Yaki was old and has been already made in the Heian era. It is counted in one of Japanese six old kilns and is famous as earthenware (closely "fire strangely stone) in se device (" "se") with the history of 1,000 years nationwide.

Bizen is one of Japan's six most famous kilns with a history going back some one thousand years to the Heian period (794-1185), when this ware was already in production.

Tokyo

Edo Kiriko

Edo Cut Glass

Other Crafts

It is said to be opening that person called Hisashi Kagaya soldier of the Imperial Guard who ran vidro shop in large Temmacho of Edo in 1834 (Tenpo 5) put sculpture for the surface of glass mimicking cut glass made in the U.K.

It is said that the origins of Edo Kiriko date back to 1834 when a Kagaya Kyubei, who was working in a small glass works in Edo (Tokyo), copied a piece of English cut glass. It also seems that Commodore Matthew Perry, who arrived in Japan toward the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), was very surprised when he was presented with a splendid piece of Kagaya's cut glass.