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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Okinawa

Kijoka No Bashofu

Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth

Woven textiles

It is thought that abaca cloth has been already made in the about thirteenth century, but it becomes in the early modern times to have spread out among people and is after.

It seems that banana fiber cloth was already being made around the 13th century but it was much later that it became popular. In the old days banana trees were planted in gardens and fields, and the womenfolk of a family wove it into fabric for home use. Silk and cotton became much more readily available during the 19th century but people still enjoyed wearing banana fiber cloth. Kijoka no Bashofu, which carries on these traditions, was designated as a cultural property by the Prefecture in 1972 and two years later in 1974 it was made an important intangible cultural property by the nation.

Tokushima

Awa Washi

Awa Paper

Washi Paper

Record that people who served the Imperial Court called mourning tribe now approximately 1,300 years ago plant hemp and paper mulberry, and promoted production of paper and cloth is seen in book in the ninth century, and the history of Awa Washi begins here.

A 9th-century document confirms that the history of Awa Washi goes back some 1,300 years to times when a family known as Inbe serving the Imperial court, was growing flax and paper mulberry and producing cloth and paper.

Tokyo

Edo Mokuhanga

Edo Mokuhanga

Other Crafts

Edo Mokuhanga came to color color by writing brush on the print of one color of sumi, and these progressed as black and white woodcut with simple colors added, rouge color print, lacquer block, but invention to print color on in woodcut was done, and it was possible for two or three colors of shokusuribankaku (printed ukiyoe). Furthermore, in 1765 (Meiwa 2), we printed to money and silver and were crowded and came to be able to print off intermediate color with xylograph, too, and style of polychromatic woodcut print was established.

Edo Mokuhanga are woodblock prints that began with a black print that was then colored with a brush.

Miyagi

Miyagi Dento Kokeshi

Miyagi Kokeshi Dolls

Dolls and Kokeshi

After the middle of Edo era, it is informed that we were born as hot spring souvenir of the Tohoku district.

It is said that these dolls were made to sell to people visiting the hot springs in the north east of the country from the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868). Five kinds of traditional dolls are produced in Miyagi Prefecture itself, namely naruko kokeshi, sakunami kokeshi, toogatta kokeshi, yajiro kokeshi, and hijiori kokeshi.

Niigata

Ojiya Tsumugi

Ojiya Pongee

Woven textiles

Silk pongee thing was founded with sericulture that began in the middle of Edo era. Late in the Edo era, it was production center as raw silk merchant came for business talk from prosperous place of Woven textiles of Joshu or Kyoto equal to current Gunma.

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

Fukuoka

Hakata Ori

Hakata Textiles

Woven textiles

In the Kamakura era, Hakata merchant passes to Chugoku of the times of Soong with priest, and it does by opening to have taken Woven textiles technology home with.

During the Kamakura period (1185-1333), merchants from Hakata journeyed to Sung dynasty China with the founder of Joten-ji temple, Shoichi Kokushi, and the weaving techniques they brought back with them laid the foundations of Hakata Ori.

Osaka

Osaka Butsudan

Osaka Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Because we let you call engineer together from Kudara of the Korean Peninsula and live in Osaka when Prince Shotoku built Shitenno-ji Temple, it is said that Household Buddhist Altars , production center of Household Buddhist Fittings were formed. Osaka unique superior production skills and techniques spread out to prefecture lower 1 yen with Buddhism spreading out afterwards.

Household Buddhist altars and other items associated with the religion were first made in Osaka by specialists who came from Paekche on the Korean peninsular, at the time that Shotoku Taishi built the Shiteno-ji temple in the late 6th century.

Okinawa

Miyako Jofu

Miyako Fine Ramie

Woven textiles

We were caught in Funagadai wind that carried gift of Ryukyu on board, and man of Miyakojima which just rode on place that almost sank jumped into the sea bravely and repaired broken place of ship and saved life of all her crew 400 years ago.

Four hundred years ago, a boat carrying Okinawan tributes was caught in a typhoon. A man, who happened to be on board from Miyakojima called Sugamayonin Shin'ei, heroically dived into the sea when the boat was about to sink and repaired the damage thus saving the lives of all the crew. Recognizing his bravery, the King of Ryukyu made him a monk. In return, Shin'ei's wife was overjoyed and lovingly wove a piece of cloth to give to the King, and it was this cloth that is said to be the origin of Miyako Jofu.

Fukuoka

Hakata Ningyo

Hakata Art Dolls

Dolls and Kokeshi

The history of Hakata Ningyo is old and sails up at the beginning of the 17th century.

According to some people, the history of Hakata Ningyo dates back to the beginning of the 17th century. It seems that when Kuroda Nagamasa built Fukuoka castle, someone making ridge-end tiles for the castle developed his skills with forming and firing, and he gave one of the figures he made to the head of the clan.

Osaka

Osaka Naniwa Suzuki

Osaka Naniwa Pewter Ware

Metalworking product

What tin caliber was informed by Japan is said to be thing due to hand of envoy to the Sui Dynasty now approximately 1,300 years ago.

Pewter ware was first introduced to Japan some 1,300 years ago by envoys from China. Later during the early part of the Kamakura period (1185-1333), the Zen monk Eisai visited Sung dynasty China and returned with a maker of tea urns. His skills with pewter are said to mark the real beginning of this craft in Japan. It was not until the 18th century, however, that a production center was established in Osaka.

Kyoto

Nishijin Ori

Nishijin Textiles

Woven textiles

Because craftsmen gathered and did Woven textiles, the name called Nishijin was touched in place that the west military assumed Honjin after revolt at the time of Onin War of the Muromachi era. As the history of Woven textiles, it can date back to texture technology which was hung down by Hata before the Heian era. Nishijin Ori developed as leading figure of texture culture mainly on Imperial Court culture.

The name Nishijin was given to these textiles because weavers settled in the area which had been the headquarters of the west camp or Nishijin at the time of the Onin War. Lasting eleven years, these hostilities took place during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) from 1467 to 1477, when lords from many provinces divided into east and west factions.

Shimane

Unshu Soroban

Unshu Abacus

Writing tools and Abacus

It was in the latter half of the Edo era, and carpenter of Nitacho, Shimane made abacus which was wonderful as materials by willow oak, plum, soot bamboo produced in copybook on abacus which craftsman of Hiroshima made in this district.

Towards the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), a carpenter living in Shimane Prefecture obtained an abacus from Hiroshima made by a specialist and made a very good one using locally sourced oak, Japanese apricot and a smoked form of bamboo called susudake.