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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Kyoto

Kyo Nui

Kyoto Embroidery

Other textiles

When Heiankyo was made, as for the Kyo Nui, it is assumed opening that section called textiles office (oribenotsukasa) having craftsman to embroider was put.

Kyo Nui probably dates back to 794 when the new capital of Heian Kyo (Kyoto) was established and a department of weaving were many embroiders worked was set up at the imperial court.

Kyoto

Kyo Butsugu

Kyoto Buddhist Paraphernalia

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

It is thought that the production was begun as for the Household Buddhist Fittings in Kyoto in figure Saicho in peaceful Buddhism belonging to characteristic, the about eighth century in the times of the sea of the sky.

It is conceivable that the various pieces of paraphernalia associated with Buddhism were first produced in Kyoto around the 8th century, when the monks Saichou and Kukai were exerting their influence on Heian Buddhism.

Kochi

Tosa Uchihamono

Tosa Forged Blades

Metalworking product

It is written down in long sect me part District Public Prosecutor's Office book who performed total land surveying of Tosa alone in 1590 (Tensho 18) that there were 399 blacksmith'ses. The full-scale prosperity of Tosa Uchihamono begins with Genna reform (1621) by initial Tosa feudal clan in the Edo era.

Records show that at the end of the 16th century there were some 400 smiths at work in Tosa. While they were skilled in the making of the samurai sword, they also seem to have made sickles and knives at the request of local farmers. Subsequently, with the promotion of forestry and the development of new fields in the area, bladed tools for agriculture and forestry were made in large quantities and a production center for forged goods came into being.

Tochigi

Mashiko Yaki

Mashiko Ware

Ceramics

It began under the influence of middle part, Kasama Yaki of the 19th century. Early Mashiko Yaki caught support of feudal clan and baked daily necessities, and thing made in that way was used in kitchen of Edo.

The distinctive Mashiko style of pottery developed sometime about the middle of the 19th century having come under the influence of Kasama Yaki. In the early days, everyday articles were made with the support of the local clan and many of the pieces found their way into the kitchens of Edo.

Kumamoto

Shodai Yaki

Shodai Ware

Ceramics

Tadatoshi Hosokawa becomes change seal in Higo country from Buzen country in 1632 (Kanei 9) and ceramist source seven (the female alley house first generation) and eight Court Security Office (the Katsuragi house first generation) which followed this are ordered potter and are broken including Shodai Yaki.

When Hosokawa Tadatoshi moved from the fief of Buzen to take control of the fief of Higo in 1632, two master potters were appointed. One of these was Genhichi, the first of a long line of potters of the Hinkoji family, and the other was Hachizaemon, the first of successive generations of potters from the Katsuragi family. It was the appointment of these two men that is said to have marked the beginnings of the making of Shodai Yaki.

Akita

Odate Mage Wappa

Odate Bentwood Work

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

When Yoshinobu Satake who was military commander of Toyotomi who lost in the Battle of Sekigahara was made to move from Mito that was previous territory to Akita by Tokugawa shogunate government, as for the living of citizen of territory of Akita, there was even person who was in trouble for food on the poorly at all day.

Satake Yoshinobu was a military commander who fought with Toyotomi Hideyoshi at the battle of Sekigahara in 1600. Hideyoshi was vanquished and Satake was ordered by the Tokugawa Shogunate to move from his former domain of Mito to Akita in the extreme north of Honshu. He found the people there were very poor and some did not even have enough to eat. As castellans of Odate castle, the western branch of Satake family set about trying to relieve the poverty of their people by using the rich supplies of timber to be found in the fief.

Okayama

Bizen Yaki

Bizen Ware

Ceramics

The history of Bizen Yaki was old and has been already made in the Heian era. It is counted in one of Japanese six old kilns and is famous as earthenware (closely "fire strangely stone) in se device (" "se") with the history of 1,000 years nationwide.

Bizen is one of Japan's six most famous kilns with a history going back some one thousand years to the Heian period (794-1185), when this ware was already in production.

Aichi

Nagoya Kiri Tansu

Nagoya Paulownia Chests

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

As for the Nagoya Kiri Tansu, craftsmen engaged in construction of a castle of Nagoya-jo Castle approximately 400 years ago settle down in castle town, and it is said to be opening to have made chest or large oblong chest. When living and economy of people were stable, after national unification of Tokugawa shogunate government, production of Woven textiles increased rapidly, and clothes became rich, too. Functional, rational chest was necessary in substitution for previous cabinet with general people coming to get high-quality fabrics for kimono.

It seems likely that the making of this distinctive style of paulownia chest was begun in Nagoya by craftsmen who, having been involved in the building of Nagoya castle some 400 years ago, settled there and began making chest of drawers and chests.

Ishikawa

Kanazawa Haku

Kanazawa Gold Leaf

Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool

The history of gold silver foil of Kanazawa is in the latter half of the age of civil strife and can sail up to place where feudal lord Toshiie Maeda of Kaga feudal clan which ruled over area around current South Ishikawa sent book giving from in camp of Korean position the hometown an order for production of foil to.

The history of Kanazawa Haku can be traced back to the latter half of the Sengoku period (1428-1573), when Maeda Toshiie, the feudal lord of the Kaga clan governing the southern part of the area now known as Ishikawa Prefecture, sent a document back to the country from a campaign in Korea, explaining how to produce gold leaf. The Shogunate subsequently set up a gilders' guild and controlled the production and sale of gold leaf throughout the country.

Niigata

Tokamachi Akashi Chijimi

Tokamachi Akashi Crepe

Woven textiles

Around the end of the 19th century, we took sample of cloth for summer of Nishijin of Kyoto home with us, and originally we applied to technique of Woven textiles called Tokamachi transparent silk cloth (we wait the tenth plow) which there was, and trial manufacture study of new product was performed.

Towards the end of the 19th century a sample roll of summer-weight kimono cloth was brought back to Tokamachi from Nishijin in Kyoto. Work then began on adapting an existing local weave called Tokamachi sukiya with a view to producing something new. A great deal of effort was then put into developing and improving the ways of tightly twisting up weft threads, resulting in improvements to another existing cloth, yorisukiya.

Kumamoto

Higo Zogan

Higo Inlay

Metalworking product

It is assumed father that Matashichi Hayashi who served Marquis Tadatoshi Hosokawa who entered the country as Higo king in 1632 (Kanei 9) made inlay on the brim of gun and sword.

The roots of this craft go back to Hayashi Matashichi. With the support of the local feudal lord Hosokawa and his family, Hayashi was doing inlaid metal work on firearms and sword guards during the first half of the 17th century. Subsequently, as this craft became established, fine Higo sword guards were produced by generation after generation of the Hayashi family as well as by other families such as the Hiratas, Nishigakis, Shimizus and Kamiyoshis right through the Edo period (1600-1868), and many pieces of their work are still in existence. When the carrying of swords was outlawed in 1876, the Higo craftsmen turned their hand to decorative work and began making everyday items in line with the new social conditions.

Hyogo

Banshu Miki Uchihamono

Banshu Miki Forged Blades

Metalworking product

For last years of the Azuchimomoyama era, Miki Castle was attacked by Hideyoshi Hashiba and fell, and town of Miki was destroyed.

After the siege and final fall of Miki castle toward the end of the Momoyama period (1573-1600), carpenters from various parts were drawn here to rebuild the town. Along with them came many smiths to forge the tools they needed and forging developed as a craft here.