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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Niigata

Niigata Shikki

Niigata Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Lacquering technology came from other production centers at the beginning of the Edo era, and monopoly area of lacquer ware called bowl shop was established in current old town in 1638 (Kanei 15), and protectionism had stolen.

Techniques were originally introduced from other centers where lacquer ware was being made at the beginning of 17th century but in 1638, a specialist area for the selling of japanned goods was established under the name of a ""bowl store"" in what is now Furumachi, and received official protection. By 1819, the craft was well enough established for a list of ""master lacquerers"" to be recorded.

Tokyo

Honba Kihachijo

Kihachijo Fabrics

Woven textiles

In the old days, Norinaga Motoori left with "zururamukashi where the name of island called pseudo hachijo-silk was than that hachijo-silk".

It seems that the island of Kihachijo got its name from the Hachijo cloth, and the island was a supplier of silk right back in the Muromachi period (1392-1573). Since the middle of the 18th century, very elegant striped and checked cloths have been woven on the island, and these kimono cloths and obi still have many followers today.

Fukushima

Oku Aizu Amikumi Zaiku

Okuaizu Basketry

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

In the remains of Arayashiki of Mishima-machi, Onuma-gun, Fukushima, pieces such as group of knitting of rope and basket are excavated, and it becomes clear that we knit from Jomon period, and skills and techniques of group existed.

Fragments of simple basketry and rope were discovered at the Arayashiki archeological dig in the town of Mishima, Ohnuma county in Fukushima Prefecture, proving that the skills and techniques of weaving and twisting ropes existed in the area as far back as the Jomon period, which covers the period of Japanese history from about 10,000 B.C. to 300 B.C. Then, in one ancient local chronicle about farming, reference is made of the fact that baskets were being made from vegetable and plant material in the Aizu region.

Nagasaki

Mikawachi Yaki

Mikawachi Ware

Ceramics

It is beginning to have let ceramist whom ruler of land which participated in the Korea dispatch of troops by Hideyoshi Toyotomi of the end of 16th century brought back from Korea bake kiln.

The origins of Mikawachi Yaki date back to the building of a kiln by Korean potters that were brought back to this area of Kyushu by landowners who had taken part in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to the Korean Peninsular at the end of the 16th century.

Ishikawa

Kanazawa Butsudan

Kanazawa Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Beginning of Kanazawa Butsudan can date back until the 17th century.

It is possible to trace the origins of Kanazawa Butsudan back to the 17th century. What prompted their production was the sheer number of people who had been converted to the Jodo Shinshu in the Hokuriku region of Japan, after Rennyo-shonin, a Buddhist priest of the same order visited the area to spread the word.

Kagawa

Marugame Uchiwa

Marugame Round Fans

Other Crafts

Tan-painted round fan with Marukin mark was devised as souvenir of visit to Konpira Shrine (kompira) of Shikoku.

This type of coated, ridged fan with a round gold seal on it was devised a something pilgrims going to the well-known temple of Konpira on the island of Shikoku could buy. During the 18th century, the Marugame clan made their production a part-time job for clan warriors and this became the foundation of today's craft. At present, almost 90% of all round fans made in Japan are produced in the area.

Ishikawa

Kaga Nui

Kaga Embroidery

Other textiles

We were mainly informed by Kyoto Kaga Nui as decorations called French sublime decorations for Buddhist temple (we carry) such as shoulder-worn robes (this morning) of dashiki (we beat and spread), priest of Buddhist altar with propagation of Buddhism to the Kaga district early in the Muromachi era.

Closely linked with the spread of Buddhism in the area, embroidery was introduced to the province of Kaga from Kyoto in the Muromachi period (1392-1573) and was used for the decoration of such religious trappings as altar cloths and surplice worn by monks.

Yamagata Niigata

Uetsu Shinafu

Uetsu Shinafu

Woven textiles

In Japan, we made thread with fiber which we took out of the trees and plants such as course (we die), Paper mulberry (we ask), elm (similar), wisteria (wisteria), kudzu (waste), ramie (choma) which grew wild distantly in the fields and mountains from Jomon and Yayoi period and we finished weaving on cloth as private use and used to clothes or accessories.

In Japan, ever since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, people have made thread from fiber derived from plants and trees that grow naturally in the mountains such as Japanese linden, mulberry, elm, wisteria, kudzu, and ramie, and used this thread to weave fabric and make clothing and ornaments for private home use.

Yamagata

Tendo Shogi Koma

Tendo Japanese Chess Pieces

Other Crafts

When Oda feudal clan which ruled this district suffered from finance late in the Edo era, it does by opening to have recommended side job made with piece to low-class samurai to relieve it.

When the fortunes of the Oda clan controlling this area of northern Japan were failing toward the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), an attempt to improve matters was made by engaging lower ranking warriors in the making of shoji chess pieces, from which the craft developed.

Aichi

Owari Household Buddhist Fittings

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Industrial art object that Owari Household Buddhist Fittings is produced around Nagoya-shi, Aichi from early period of Edo era. We developed into resources as side job of low-class samurai of high quality wood produced in the suburbs of Owari in last part of Edo era. Wooden lacquering product is the center and features a variety of processes and the colorful finish.

Niigata

Echigo Sanjo Uchihamono

Echigo Sanjo Uchi Hamono

Metalworking product

As tool necessary for agriculture, it produced "sickle" "hoes" from the Middle Ages, and, after the "sum nail" which began as side business of farmhouse of off-season making of, "kitchen knife" "plane" "chisel" "pruning shears" "beginning to talk knife" "masakari" came to make various kinds of dajimbutsu.

Production of essential farm implements such as sickles and hoes have been in production since the middle ages. Creation of Japanese nails began as a side job for farmers in the off season, and this evolved into the creation of many types of blades including kitchen knives, planes for carving wood, chisels, pruning shears, utility knives, axes, and more types of blades.

Osaka

Osaka Ranma

Osaka Transoms

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

As for the beginning of Osaka Ranma, technique to become the cause of the tradition technique is seen in St. Kanja or Shitenno-ji Temple in Osaka in the early 17th century.

The origins of this craft date back to the beginning of the 17th century and the traditional woodworking skills that can be seen at Osaka's Hijiri Shrine and Shiteno-ji temple. Gradually during the 18th century, transoms were mainly introduced into merchant's houses not only for practical reasons of ventilation and lighting but also as a decorative element capable of raising the quality of interior space, especially in rooms where guest would be received.