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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Gifu

Mino Washi

Mino Paper

Washi Paper

Because record that family register paper of the Nara era was Mino Washi remains in "Shoso-in document", it is thought that beginning of Mino Washi is the Nara era.

It is thought that Mino Washi dates back to the Nara period (710-794), because records at the Shoso-in Repository show that it was used for a census during the 8th century. By the Muromachi period (1392-1573) the Rokusaiichi paper market was being held. This was set up by the locally influential Toki Nariyori and Mino Washi were shipped to Kyoto, Osaka and Ise, making it one of the best known papers of its times.

Fukui

Echizen Shikki

Echizen Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Opening is old, and it is informed that it dates back to the sixth century. Craftsman of lacquer ware maker ordered complete change of crown by the Emperor at the time,

It is thought that this particular lacquer ware dates back to the 6th century. A lacquerer was ordered to recoat the kanmuri or formal headpiece of the Emperor of the times. The lacquerer also presented a black lacquered bowl to the Emperor who recognized the quality of his work and it is thought that it was this encouragement which led to the establishment of Echizen Shikki as an individual ware.

Ishikawa

Kaga Nui

Kaga Embroidery

Other textiles

We were mainly informed by Kyoto Kaga Nui as decorations called French sublime decorations for Buddhist temple (we carry) such as shoulder-worn robes (this morning) of dashiki (we beat and spread), priest of Buddhist altar with propagation of Buddhism to the Kaga district early in the Muromachi era.

Closely linked with the spread of Buddhism in the area, embroidery was introduced to the province of Kaga from Kyoto in the Muromachi period (1392-1573) and was used for the decoration of such religious trappings as altar cloths and surplice worn by monks.

Iwate

Hidehira Nuri

Hidehira Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

We had our own way with power and financial power in Hiraizumi-cho, Iwate for last years of the Heian era, and, with Oshu Fujiwara who brought Buddhist art including Chuson-ji gold temple (chusonjikonjikido) on this ground, Hidehira Nuri was begun.

This lacquer craft really began when Ohshu Fujiwara wielded power over Hiraizumi in Iwate Prefecture toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185). It was he who lent this support to the building of the temple, Chusonji with its famous Konjikido and many fine pieces of Buddhist art in general.

Okinawa

Shuri Ori

Shuri Fabrics

Woven textiles

Ryukyu kingdom of the 14th to the 15th century traded with with Southeast Asia and Chugoku flourishingly and learned technique of texture by the interchange. Ryukyu Woven textiles with various individuality that repeated time of the next several hundred years, and were brought up in climate climate of Okinawa was brought about.

Trade flourished between the kingdom of Ryukyu and China and South East Asia during the 14th and 15th centuries and weaving techniques were learned through these exchanges. Nurtured by the Okinawan climate and developed over the centuries, a number of textiles, each with their own characteristic traits, came into being. One of these was a cloth produced in Shuri.

Nagano

Uchiyama Gami

Uchiyama Paper

Washi Paper

Craftsman who wore the manufacturing method in Mino is own house, and, as for the beginning of Uchiyama Gami, what suki (we do) was is said to be opening early in the Edo era.

Early in the 17th century, Hagiwara Kiuemon, a resident of a small village in Uchiyama district went to learn how to make paper in Mino, itself famous for its handmade papers. On returning home, he began making paper and from these simple beginnings, the craft flourished in this area where the heavy snowfalls have contributed to the techniques of this fine handmade paper.

Tokyo

Tama Ori

Tama Fabrics

Woven textiles

In area equal to current Hachioji, silk was woven from end of the Heian era, and there was Woven textiles such as Tsumugi Takiyama and Tsumugi Yokoyama.

Two silk cloths known as Takiyama pongee and Yokoyama pongee were being made toward the end of the 12th century, in the area of present-day Hachioji on the western edge of Tokyo.

Toyama

Takaoka Shikki

Takaoka Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

When feudal lord Toshinaga Maeda of Kaga feudal clan built Takaoka Castle in current Takaoka-shi, Toyama at the beginning of the Edo era, what let you make everyday life products such as arms and chest, low dining table does Takaoka Shikki by opening.

This lacquer craft started at the beginning of the Edo Period (1600-1868), when the lord of the Kaga clan wielding power over the Hokuriku region built Takaoka castle in what is now Takaoka City. It was then that lacquerers began making all manners of household goods as well as chests and lacquered items of armor and weaponry.

Fukui

Wakasa Nuri

Wakasa Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

As for the Wakasa Nuri, craftsman of lacquering of Kohama feudal clan located near Wakasa-wan Bay at the beginning of the Edo era got hint in technique of the making of Laquer Ware of Chugoku and we graphically designed state of the bottom of the sea and began. "Seaweed-patterned lacquering" (isokusanuri) was begun to knit by "chrysanthemum dust coat" (work pitch a camp paint) what repeated invention improved by this, and was born by pupil of the designer.

The making of Wakasa Nuri began at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when lacquerers of the Obama clan near Wakasa Bay started decorating their work with designs depicting elements of the ocean floor, having got the idea from techniques used in Chinese lacquer ware.

Tokyo

Tokyo Some Komon

Tokyo Fine-Pattern Dyeing

Dyed Textiles

Beginning of fine pattern can date back to the Muromachi era, but it is the Edo era, and it is after that fine pattern came to be dyed widely.

Although the history of this craft can be traced back to the Muromachi period (1392-1573), it was not until the Edo period (1600-1868) that cloth of this type was produced in any quantity. Stencil-dyed cloths were especially used for the kamishimo, a piece of formal dress worn by the Daimyo. These regional feudal lords were required to reside in Edo for long periods and the resulting increase in demand for this cloth made Edo the center of its production. Originally, it was only the Daimyo and samurai classes who wore garments of this cloth.

Wakayama

Kishu Tansu

Kishu Paulownia Chests

Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork

Late in the Edo era, the castle towers of Wakayama Castle were burnt down by thunderbolt, and many tools have become ash.

At the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), the tower of Wakayama Castle was destroyed when it was struck by lightening and much of the furniture was burnt to ashes. Records show that when the castle tower was rebuilt four years later, the chests and other cabinets, which had been lost in the fire, were remade. Further more, old books and chests dating back to the mid-19th century have also been discovered in town houses all over Wakayama Prefecture.

Toyama

Takaoka Doki

Takaoka Bronze Casting

Metalworking product

Takaoka Doki begins in Kaga Maeda feudal clan inviting seven floggers with technique of Tannan, Kawachi that is the birthplace of casting at the beginning of the Edo era, and having established foundry.

Takaoka Doki dates back to the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when the Maeda clan in Kaga invited seven highly skilled metal casters from a long established metal casting area to come and work at a newly opened workshop.