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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Kochi

Tosa Washi

Tosa Paper

Washi Paper

The name of Tosa Washi appears in "Engi era ceremony" (engishiki) written in the Heian era as presentation product.

Various kinds of paper for calligraphy, paper crafts, art papers and specialist papers to be used in the home are made under a name, which is mentioned in connection with paper presented to the court in an official Heian period (794-1185) document, the Engishiki. This has led people to believe that Tosa was already a center for the production of paper during this period.

Ehime

Tobe Yaki

Tobe Ware

Ceramics

It is in the middle of the Edo era, and it does by opening to have brought ceramist from Hizen of current Nagasaki that was known as thought, production center of porcelain so that we let raw materials produce porcelain, and feudal lord makes local clay for chinaware fiscal help of feudal clan.

In the middle of the 18th century, the local clan head felt that it would be possible to improve clan finances by producing porcelain using a locally found kaolin. Potters experienced in the making of porcelain from the region of present-day Nagasaki Prefecture were brought to the area and this marked the beginning of porcelain making in Tobe.

Hiroshima

Kumano Fude

Kumano Brushes

Writing tools and Abacus

When most of farmers whom life could not support went to Kumano district of Kishu equal to current Wakayama and Yoshino district of Yamato equal to Nara to work only by agriculture for the agriculture shut period in the Edo era and returned to hometown, we laid in stock of writing brush and sumi made in those districts and peddled. Kumano and ties of writing brush came out of such a thing.

During the Edo period (1600-1868), many farmers found life very difficult. When there was no farm work, peasants went off in search of work to the Kumano district in Kishu corresponding to present-day Wakayama and the Yoshino area of Yamato, which is now Nara Prefecture. On returning to their homelands they sold writing brushes and ink they had acquired from these places. Ultimately, this led to the making of brushes in Kumano.

Miyagi

Naruko Shikki

Naruko Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Early in the Edo era, feudal lord who ruled over area equal to current Narukocho, Miyagi sends local Laquer Ware craftsman and lacquer work craftsman out for ascetic practices in Kyoto and is called that we planned promotion of Naruko Shikki.

At the beginning of the 17th century, the lord of the fief in the area where Naruko is situated, dispatched lacquerers and maki-e craftsmen to Kyoto to develop their skills, in an attempt to raise the popularity of the local product. According to a late 18th century document various household items were being produced and by then the production of lacquer ware was the main employment for the people of Naruko.

Tottori Shimane

Izumo Ishidoro

Izumo Stone Lanterns

Stonework

Sandstone which volcanic ashes produced in hometown hardened as for the Izumo Ishidoro, and was made was made from the times when it was old as uncut stone.

Izumo Ishidoro have been made for many hundreds of years from a local sandstone that formed from volcanic ash. During the Edo period (1600-1868) Matsudaira Naomasa, the local lord, recognized the value of this craft and placed the stone under a monopoly. The stone was then also used for architectural purposes. Ever since the end of the 19th century, the pieces of stonework for gardens and home have been seen as stone art and are well-known throughout Japan.

Hiroshima

Fukuyama Koto

Fukuyama Koto

Other Crafts

Beginning of Fukuyama Koto is said that it is about time when Fukuyama-jo Castle was built early in the Edo era. Artistic accomplishments were prosperous, and there was encouragement of each generation feudal lord in Fukuyama, too, and, in castle town of Edo, songs and ballads, sound music were performed flourishingly.

It seems likely that the making of Fukuyama Koto started at the time of the erection of a castle at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868) in Fukuyama, which is now a city in Hiroshima Prefecture. Craft industries flourished in castle towns during the Edo period, and with encouragement from the feudal lord at the time, both accompanied and unaccompanied songs were very popular in Fukuyama.

Kyoto

Kyo Kuromontsuki Zome

Kyoto Black Dyeing

Dyed Textiles

What the history of kokusen was very old, and sailed up until the tenth century, but was established as kokumonfusen in the 17th century is considered that first.

Although the dyeing of cloth black has a very long history dating back to the 10th century, it seems that it was not until the 17th century that it became established as a recognized craft to include family crests.

Okinawa

Yonaguni Ori

Yonaguni Fabrics

Woven textiles

Yonagunijima is island of border at the westernmost tip of Japan. The history of Woven textiles born in this island is old, and it is thought that there is the history of about 500 years from old documents.

Situated on the extreme western boundary of Japan, records show that weaving on Yonaguni Island dates back some 500 years, and cloth was already being paid as a tax during the 1520s. During the difficult times after World War II, fishing nets were unraveled to provide yarn for this cloth, which is still woven by the women, who devote so much time producing this cloth that is very representative of the island's natural environment.

Iwate

Nambu Tekki

Nambu Cast Ironwork

Metalworking product

The beginning of 17th century, it does by opening that southern part feudal clan which ruled area around current Morioka-shi, Iwate invited teakettle craftsman to Morioka from Kyoto.

Present-day Morioka is at the center of an area which was controlled by the Nambu clan at the beginning of the 17th century. It was then that craftsmen practiced in the art of making chagama or pots used to heat water for the tea ceremony were invited to Morioka from Kyoto. Many more casters were subsequently engaged by the clan and the production of weapons, chagama , and other pots began in earnest.

Tokyo

Edo Kiriko

Edo Cut Glass

Other Crafts

It is said to be opening that person called Hisashi Kagaya soldier of the Imperial Guard who ran vidro shop in large Temmacho of Edo in 1834 (Tenpo 5) put sculpture for the surface of glass mimicking cut glass made in the U.K.

It is said that the origins of Edo Kiriko date back to 1834 when a Kagaya Kyubei, who was working in a small glass works in Edo (Tokyo), copied a piece of English cut glass. It also seems that Commodore Matthew Perry, who arrived in Japan toward the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), was very surprised when he was presented with a splendid piece of Kagaya's cut glass.

Niigata

Niigata Shikki

Niigata Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Lacquering technology came from other production centers at the beginning of the Edo era, and monopoly area of lacquer ware called wooden bowl shop was established in current old town in 1638 (Kanei 15), and protectionism had stolen.

Techniques were originally introduced from other centers where lacquer ware was being made at the beginning of 17th century but in 1638, a specialist area for the selling of japanned goods was established under the name of a ""bowl store"" in what is now Furumachi, and received official protection. By 1819, the craft was well enough established for a list of ""master lacquerers"" to be recorded.

Yamagata

Yamagata Butsudan

Yamagata Household Buddhist Altars

Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings

Because was in the middle of the Edo era, and came to trade safflower; of person from the Kyoto area became busy, and Household Buddhist Altars , culture of the making of Household Buddhist Fittings entered at Kyoto.

By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), the number of people travelling to and from Kyoto had increased because of the trade in such crops as safflower from Yamagata. As a result, Buddhist altar culture found its way into the area.