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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Nagano

Shinshu Tsumugi

Shinshu Pongee

Woven textiles

Beginning of Shinshu Tsumugi dates back to the Nara era to woven "ashiginu".

The origins of Shinshu Tsumugi go back to a silk cloth called ashiginu that was woven in the Nara period (710-794). Because of the rivalry and encouragement that the clans in the province of Shinshu were given, sericulture was very popular and the production of pongee throughout the province flourished, and every year large quantities of cloth were dispatched to Kyoto.

Nara

Nara Fude

Nara Brushes

Writing tools and Abacus

When the sea of the sky crossed to Tang now approximately 1,200 years ago, be full of methods of the making of writing brush, and the history made with writing brush of Nara begins in having conveyed the technique to resident of Yamato country after having returned to Japan.

When the monk Kukai journeyed to China some 1,200 years ago, he made a study of brush making there and on his return, he passed on his knowledge to people living in the province of Yamatokoku that is now called Nara Prefecture. This marked the beginnings of brush making here.

Kanagawa

Kamakura Bori

Kamakura Carved and Lacquered Ware

Laquer Ware

When denomination of Buddhism called Zen Buddhism came from Chugoku in the Kamakura era, much art industrial art objects have been imported together.

When Zen Buddhism was introduced from China during the Kamakura period (1185-1333), many arts and crafts were imported at the same time. Sculptors of Buddhist images and carpenters who built temples and shrines were influenced by examples of carved lacquer ware called tsuishu and tsuikoku that were amongst these Chinese imports.

Fukushima

Aizu Nuri

Aizu Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

What recommended that the whole families who had power in this district in the Muromachi era plant lacquered tree does by opening.

It was the planting of lacquer trees promoted by a powerful local family during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) that led to the making of Aizu Nuri. Then, when Gamo Ujisato who hailed from present-day Shiga Prefecture arrived to head the Aizu clan in the Momoyama period (1573-1600), he brought skilled lacquerers to this northern region from Shiga. Their skills were disseminated and as a result of fostering the development of techniques in crafts using lacquer, Aizu soon became a production center for all kinds of lacquer ware.

Kyoto

Kyo Shikki

Kyoto Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

We were affected by Tang in the Nara era, and a certain technique was brought about under the lacquer work. This technique was inherited with peaceful capital relocation in Kyoto and developed.

The maki-e technique of laying down gold and silver powders was preceded by techniques which first came into being during the Nara period (710-794), when Japan was under the influence of Tang dynasty China. The same techniques continued to be used and were developed during the Heian period (794-1185), when the capital was moved to Heian-kyo, now Kyoto.

Tokyo

Murayama Oshima Tsumugi

Murayama Oshima Fabrics

Woven textiles

Beginning of Murayama Oshima Tsumugi is said to be in the latter half of the Edo era.

While the history of this kimono cloth only seems to date back to the middle of the 19th century, it was in 1920 that the techniques associated with two different cloths were combined to produce the silk cloth known as Murayama Oshima Tsumugi.

Niigata

Ojiya Tsumugi

Ojiya Pongee

Woven textiles

Silk pongee thing was founded with sericulture that began in the middle of Edo era. Late in the Edo era, it was production center as raw silk merchant came for business talk from prosperous place of Woven textiles of Joshu or Kyoto equal to current Gunma.

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

Shiga

Omi Jofu

Omi Ramie

Woven textiles

By rich water of Echigawa and achievement of environment and merchant from Omi such as high humidity, hemp cloth developed from the Kamakura era in this district.

Fostered by the well-known entrepreneurial spirit of Omi tradesmen, the hot local climate and a plentiful supply of water from the Aichi River, production of woven ramie cloth developed in this area from the Kamakura period (1185-1333).

Fukui

Wakasa Nuri

Wakasa Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

As for the Wakasa Nuri, craftsman of lacquering of Kohama feudal clan located near Wakasa-wan Bay at the beginning of the Edo era got hint in technique of the making of Laquer Ware of Chugoku and we graphically designed state of the bottom of the sea and began. "Seaweed-patterned lacquering" (isokusanuri) was begun to knit by "chrysanthemum dust coat" (work pitch a camp paint) what repeated invention improved by this, and was born by pupil of the designer.

The making of Wakasa Nuri began at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when lacquerers of the Obama clan near Wakasa Bay started decorating their work with designs depicting elements of the ocean floor, having got the idea from techniques used in Chinese lacquer ware.

Wakayama

Kishu Shikki

Kishu Lacquer Ware

Laquer Ware

Group of woodworkers of the neighborhood of current Shiga settled down in this ground for the age of civil strife from the Muromachi era and began production of bowl of tree to bare wood with rich Kishu hinoki.

Wood turners settled in the vicinity of present day Shiga Prefecture during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) and the turbulent times before the end of the 16th century. These craftsmen started making wooden soup bowls using the plentiful supplies of Japanese cypresses (Chamaecyparis Spach) found locally. This led to the production of shibujiwan bowls, which were primed with the tannin-rich juice extracted from persimmons.

Chiba

Boshu Uchiwa

Boshu Rigid Fans

Other Crafts

It is the Edo era that the making of round fan began in Kanto. Awa was production center of bamboo which became materials of round fan in those days. The making of round fan in Awa was said to be from about 1877 and seemed to be produced as big product of Awa-gun in 1884 (Meiji 17).

The making of rigid fans in the Kanto area centered on Edo (Tokyo), began sometime during the Edo period (1600-1868), when the nearby province of Boshu was producing quantities of bamboo for fans. The actual making of what has come to be known as the Boshu rigid fan, however, started sometime toward the end of the 1870s and by 1884, these fans were the biggest selling item produced in the area's Awa county.

Gunma

Kiryu Ori

Kiryu Textiles

Woven textiles

Foamy fall princess serving the Imperial Court in old days as 1200 comes to wife in the Yamadas of Kiryu, and what conveyed sericulture and plane (hata) texture to villager is said to be opening.

It is said that Kiryu Ori go back some 1,200 years, to when Princess Shirataki, who served at the Imperial Court, went to live in Kiryu after she married into the Yamada family and taught the art of sericulture and weaving to the people of the village.