Uetsu ShinafuUetsu Shinafu
In Japan, we made thread with fiber which we took out of the trees and plants such as course (we die), Paper mulberry (we ask), elm (similar), wisteria (wisteria), kudzu (waste), ramie (choma) which grew wild distantly in the fields and mountains from Jomon and Yayoi period and we finished weaving on cloth as private use and used to clothes or accessories.
It was not produced in many areas by Meiji, the spread of cotton goods by development of spinning technology, but it was used as work clothes such as in kimono with no hakama on or farming for a long time in here area and we filtered fishing net and circulated as cloth, sheet and storage bag. Demand decreases from development of the later Japanese economy, the modernization of life rapidly in these areas, and production activity is enlarging such a local tradition industrial art object from nucleus and surge of needs to exercise of community revitalization that we did and simple industrial art object from the latter half of Showa although it stopped if produced as private use in detail.
In Japan, ever since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, people have made thread from fiber derived from plants and trees that grow naturally in the mountains such as Japanese linden, mulberry, elm, wisteria, kudzu, and ramie, and used this thread to weave fabric and make clothing and ornaments for private home use.
Thanks to developments in spinning technology during the Meiji period, cotton products became more common and many regions ceased producing these traditional textiles, but in this locale, it was still used for casual wear and clothing for doing agricultural work. It was also in circulation as fishing nets, filtering fabric, sheets, and storage bags. Afterwards, the development of Japan's economy and the modernization of lifestyles resulted in a sudden drop in demand, and while it barely remained in production for personal use, but since the late-Showa (1970s-80s) period, there has been an increased use of traditional crafts for regional revitalization activities as well as heightened demand for simple crafts, which has resulted in gradual expansion of production activities.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
|Main production area
||Yamagata / Tsuruoka-shi Niigata / Yamakita-machi, Iwafune-gun
|The designation date
||September 22, 2005
■local production associations
Uetsu Shinafu promotion meeting
222 for Sekigawa, Tsuruoka-shi, Yamagata characters
The Sekikawa shina texture center
■Associated exhibit space, facility
We made thread with bast (jimpi) fiber removed from the bark of Japanese linden to grow in the mountains of Uetsu area, Oba linden tree or Nojiri linden tree and finished weaving into cloth form. In Japan, it is used to clothes or accessories from Jomon and Yayoi period and is inherited today in Sekigawa, Tsuruoka-shi, Yamagata district and Yamakita-machi, Iwafune-gun, Niigata. Because raw materials are fiber of the bark, faults do the texture, and the rough feel of one of potato and calm texture are characteristic and are processed into many daily necessities such as not only obi material but also bag, hat.
The bast fiber taken from the bark of the Japanese linden, Tilia maximowicziana, and Tilia noziricola grown in the mountainous region of Uetsu is made into threads, and woven into fabric.
It was used for clothing and ornaments since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, and today, the tradition continues in places like the Sekigawa region of Tsuruoka City, Yamagata, and Sampoku-machi, Iwafune-gun, Niigata. Since the raw materials are fiber from tree bark, the texture is rough, yet this rough texture possesses a characteristic stable texture, and it is made into kimono obi, as well as bags, hats, and other daily necessities.
How to make
Japanese linden becoming materials, Oba linden tree or Nojiri linden tree is deciduous tree of the basswood family Japanese linden genus. There is many in the Sea of Japan side and the fields and mountains of the Tohoku district and grows wild and is called mada, Manda, mouda, moada by district. As for the thread, * (u) looked at fiber which we took out of the bark of this tree, and twist finished weaving riokaketamonode, this thread by hand-reeling machine and tall handloom. We cannot but still depend on manual labor without being able to mechanize as it is fiber of the bark.
The Japanese linden, Tilia maximowicziana, and Tilia noziricola used are deciduous trees that are all part of the Tilia family of flowering plants.
These trees grow naturally in the mountainous areas along the Japan Sea side and Tohoku region, and depending on the region, they are called by many names including mada, manta, mouda, and moada. The thread is made by spinning and twisting the fibers taken from the bast fiber of the trees, and these threads are woven on hand looms or treadle looms. Processing of the bark fiber cannot be mechanized, and must be done by hand even today.