Ojiya ChijimiOjiya Ramie Crepe
The history of hemp cloth in Ojiya is old, and trace of the texture is left to earthenware vessel thought to be last part of Jomon period.
Evaluation was high, and hemp cloth which climate of Ojiya included was given to general.
In earlier period of Edo era, improvement for summer clothes was thought about and succeeded in twist that was strong in weft providing wrinkle called unique wrinkle which provided cool feeling at process of finish to riokakerukotode, thing which we finished weaving. Ojiya Chijimi made with traditional skills and techniques is appointed in 1955 by important intangible cultural asset of country.
The history of linen weaving in Ojiya goes back a very long time. A piece of pottery which is thought to have been made at the end of the Jomon period (ca.10000-ca.200 BC) has been discovered bearing the imprint of some woven fabric. Well suited to the climate of Ojiya, woven linen was valued highly and was presented to the Shogun.
At the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), ways of improving the cloth for summer kimono were developed. It was found that by tightly twisting up the weft it was possible to produce a really cool crepe. Ojiya Chijimi, which is still made using time honored skills and techniques, was designated as one of Japan's intangible cultural assets in 1955.
The yarn for this cloth comes from the fibers of the Chinese silk plant or ramie (Boehmeria nivea). It is ideal for summer-weight kimonos as absorbed water soon evaporates, and it therefore dries very quickly. Having a crimp means that the cloth does not stick to the skin, making it very comfortable to wear in Japan's hot, humid summers. These days, besides cloth for kimono, some cloth is produced for western clothing and for interior items.
|Industrial art object name
||Hemorrhoids and shrinkage
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, clothes, indoor interior
|Main production area
||Niigata / Nagaoka-shi, Ojiya-shi, Tokamachi-shi, Kawaguchimachi, Kitauonuma-gun
|The designation date
||September 4, 1975
■local production associations
Ojiya Woven textiles same profession cooperative association
1-8-25, Jonai, Ojiya-shi, Niigata
Ojiya-shi Kyoto Museum of Traditional Industry (sun plaza) is inner
■Associated exhibit space, facility
We dry immediately that Ojiya Chijimi is made by linen fiber said to be ramie (choma) and is easy to breathe moisture, and to let you display moisture which you breathed in well. Besides, it is comfortable as summer kimono because we make wrinkle peculiar to Ojiya Chijimi without being sticky on skin.
Ojiya chijimi is made from the Choma variety of linen, which has high water absobency and dries very quickly. Furthermore, the slight ruffled texture produced by the Ojiya chijimi process provides a nice, cool feeling, making the cloth perfect for summer clothing.
How to make
Twist riokakemasu which is strong to weft that bo (we pile up) comes over in fiber of ramie and makes thread, and to provide wrinkle characterizing Ojiya Chijimi. Splashed pattern performs pattern charge account of cloth with splashed pattern charge account to thread before weaving and puts patterns together in spite of being texture. We take out wrinkle by process of finish on cloth which weaves, and went up.
In order to produce characteristic tiny ruffles of Ojiya chijimi, the linen threads used for the warp are strongly twisted in the spinning process. A weft ikat dyeing technique is used, so the final pattern of the fabric can only be seen after it is woven. After the fabric is woven, the Chijimi ruffles are brought out as part of the finishing process.
Voice from production center
When you dry after washing, please do shade airing. You never use iron, and please stretch out by hand. Stability wrinkles blow fog lightly, and you swat by hand, and please stretch out.