Tokamachi GasuriTokamachi Ikat
It becomes established theory that it is the early 18th century that cloth with splashed pattern technology of cotton crepe colonized.
What came to be applied to silk fabrics of the late 19th century pass, and succeed, and cloth with splashed pattern texture is after. Lateral cloth with splashed pattern came to be woven early in the Meiji era, too. Progress of cloth with splashed pattern technology has remarkable thing at this time, and technique of "projecting cloth with splashed pattern" (we arrive and graze) is created, too. We strangled, and oiled paper, ramie thread (chomaito), bamboo leaf were used for thread at first, but the Taisho era began, and cotton yarn, flat rubber turned into this.
It seems likely that Echigo Chijimi's ikat techniques became established during the first half of the 18th century. However, it was not until the latter part of the 19th century that they were used for weaving a silk cloth, after a warp ikat had been successfully perfected.
Remarkable advances in ikat techniques were made at the beginning of the Meiji period (1868-1912) and tsuki-kasuri was also perfected about this time. Oiled paper, ramie yarn or bamboo grass were used to tie the threads in the early days but in the Taisho period (1912-1926), cotton thread or flat rubber came into use.
Tokamachi Kasuri has both a traditional beauty and a contemporary sensibility. Many people love this fabric because of its luster and wonderful texture. It is widely used for smart everyday kimono worn at home or on special occasions.
|Industrial art object name
||Town is ground on the tenth
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, petty person in Japanese dress
|Main production area
||Niigata / Tokamachi-shi, Tsunan-machi, Nakauonuma-gun
|The designation date
||November 1, 1982
■local production associations
Tokamachi Woven textiles industry cooperative association
6-1-71-26, Honcho, Tookamachi-shi, Niigata
Cross 10 the fourth floor
■Associated exhibit space, facility
It is folk handicraft-like cloth with splashed pattern Woven textiles that Tokamachi Gasuri lets traditional beauty and modern sense harmonize and makes. A lot of people loving luster peculiar to silk and the deep taste such as good texture of dough are worn in everyday life as arrival at lighthearted street clothes and fashion at home widely.
Tokamachi gasuri is a folk-style woven product that combines traditional beauty with modern tastes. There are many people who love Tokamachi gasuri’s ability to bring out the unique gloss and texture of silk, and wear the fabric as part of their everyday life. Whether it is a piece that can be casually worn while going out, or just something fashionable for home, Tokamachi gasuri fabrics provide something for every occasion.
How to make
Was warped beforehand; pass, and hang lateral cloth with splashed pattern thread to tension stand, and do rubbing dye into cloth textile printing (do) while moving according to color appointed in spite of being laying upon by process cloth with splashed pattern ruler made by design in turn. Then, we strangle place that print-dyed rubbing dye into cloth with cotton yarn or flat rubber firmly and dye colour of the ground by dip-dyeing (shinsen). After having passed through preparations process for weaving next, we finish weaving cloth with splashed pattern of process in spite of being laying upon by manual labor.
The warp and weft threads are first stretched across a frame according to a pre-defined pattern. While following the colors defined by the design, dye paste is rubbed into the threads with brushes as they are interwoven onto the frame. At the same time, cotton threads or rubber bands are tied around the individual threads to resist the dye using the ikat technique, and so create the designed pattern as additional layers of dye are applied. The threads are then prepared for weaving, and while aligning each warp thread by hand, the final ikat pattern is produced in the weaving process.
Voice from production center
Even thing which became old keeps pattern and color of cloth with splashed pattern alive, and how about, for example, recording life that is new as cushion, furoshiki, lunch parcel, vase caution money, cover of doorknob?