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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Yumihama GasuriYumihama Ikat

In bow ga Hamachi of West Tottori, production of cotton as private use that used sandy area in the latter half of the 17th century began. Production of cotton which was fiber which assumed cotton raw materials in middle part in the 18th century when wholesale dealer of blue beryl which became the cause of dye was established increased.
It was Yonago, the bow ga beach at the beginning of the 19th century, and picture cloth with splashed pattern called eyes cloth with splashed pattern of the beach came to be woven by women of farmhouse.

The cultivation of cotton for home use on the sandy soil in the area of Yumigahama in the western part of Tottori Prefecture started in the latter half of the 17th century. When wholesalers of the indigo balls used for dyeing became established in the middle of the 18th century, cotton production for cloth increased.
Then at the beginning of the 19th century, the womenfolk on the farms in Yonago and Yumigahama started weaving a picture ikat called hamanome-gasuri.

Being a cloth that was first woven to be made up into garments for personal use by farming families, it has a simple and honest quality. While picture ikat techniques are utilized to the full to create patterns associated with everyday life bringing the wearer good luck, good fortune and warding off any evil spirits, the designs are boldly expressed.These cloth is used for kimono as well as for cushion covers, curtains and bags.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Assume cloth with splashed pattern Woven textiles woven by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Assume yarn-dyed plain weave.

     
    (2)
    Use cloth with splashed pattern thread for weft.

     
    (3)
    Performing pattern arrangement of cloth with splashed pattern of cloth with splashed pattern thread by manual labor, and beginning to weave cloth with splashed pattern design.

    2
    Staining of cloth with splashed pattern thread "binds hand"; niyorukoto.

    Raw materials

    Assume thread to use cotton yarn.

  • Work scenery

    As Yumihama Gasuri emitted as clothing of the farmer, rough texture is characteristic with simplicity.
    It is foundation stone of the manufacturing method "to begin to weave splashed pattern in plain weave using cloth with splashed pattern thread which we dyed partly in weft", and process is classified roughly into weft process, warp process, the last process.
    It is all traditional manual labor, but process called "kind thin-sliced raw fish" is original work to be handed down only to Yumihama Gasuri for a long time particularly.
    This is performed by specialized kind thread shop, and is a kind of preparations process to put mark of part to dye in the weft. We put design in Washi Paper which sawed "low" on carving, the weft which we spread all and rub sumi. Trace of this sumi becomes mark when dyer dyes thread.
    We explain mainly on work process of "kind thin-sliced raw fish" which is original technique here.

    Process 1: We warp weft

    Along kind thread, only the necessary number sets up weft.

    Process 2: Original drawing making

    We write splashed pattern to actual size in Washi Paper.

    Process 3: Egg card

    When we weave in large quantities, we carve to shibu.

    Process 4: The making of raw thread

    We let you harden thread and wind off on small frame (scared) so that thread does not lengthen.

    Process 5: For thread of picture stand

    We put thread on kind thread stand to width of length Woven textiles of design to predetermined thread density.

    Process 6: Sumi charge account

    We put ink on thread in conformity to sketch.

    Process 7: We bind weft (chestnut releasing)

    Sumi charge account part of kind thread is used as an indication and binds warped weft.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 8: Dyeing

    We dye thread with indigo plant, the trees and plants, chemical dye.

    Process 9: We bind cloth with splashed pattern and untie (we graze and bind and untie)

    We solve binding of cloth with splashed pattern.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 10: We break cloth with splashed pattern weft (we break when we come cloth with splashed pattern)

    We break one weft and we wind off on frame and remove kind thread.

    Process 11: Weft spooling a pirn

    We wrap pipe with thread of one wood block length necessary to weave.
    We finish weft process in this way and weave with the warp made with different process, and Yumihama Gasuri is finished.

     

  • Close-up

    Picture splashed pattern of simple Yumihama Gasuri which mother and daughter brought up by night work

    So that we were recommended as self-support and side business of clothing by feudal clan, and women spun thread for farming, interval and night work of housework, and they dyed cloth with splashed pattern pattern, and it was said to weft, "woman who could weave good cloth with splashed pattern gets good match." Women worked hard at the technical acquisition and polished technique and finished weaving Yumihama Gasuri.

     

    Characteristic big simple pattern and rough texture

    It is cotton pongee of yarn-dyed plain weave that cloth with splashed pattern pattern of beautiful white space on a colored background shines in in place of deep indigo blue, but originally is started from clothes for self-support of farmer. Solely for the Yumihama Gasuri more than 40 years. We heard story from Katsuyoshi Murakami (irregularity or Mika Tsuyoshi) of Master of Traditional Crafts. Conjugal relations are good, and Kazue (Kazue) of wife weaves cloth with splashed pattern in Master of Traditional Crafts, too.

    Master of Traditional Crafts Katsuyoshi Murakami

    It seems to be pride simply because it is Yumihama Gasuri which supported important farm labor

    Murakami talks about features of Yumihama Gasuri in this way. "First of all, it was not talked when not strong as cloth with splashed pattern here was farmclothes. Therefore original indigo dyeing said to that it became moderate color to inquire into if we wash lives. The second is texture and touch. Characteristic peculiar to Hoki cotton lets you feel warmth, the softness like wool. And third it will be simplicity of the pattern. In pattern that ancient people who demanded look of a design that has been inherited for more than 200 years, expression of love from cloth with splashed pattern left for, I have strong attachment."

    Weaving machine of Yumihama Gasuri with the term of service

    Tradition that continues being valid if we abandon feelings more than required

    Murakami with love and confidence that are strong in Yumihama Gasuri looks back on self; "originally I was human being of Hiroshima, and came to buying, and took cotton at the time of lack of postwar cotton here. Teacher is not accompanied by relative by cloth with splashed pattern oyattotte, such a relationship by chance in Yonago, and enter pupil; but there was not, and began by model-learning. We came over from zero alone, but there is not thought that had a hard time in particular. We always say is it ... because it was diligent?. Tottori raised production of cloth with splashed pattern Woven textiles of the third place in the whole country in the Meiji era. However, many people in the same profession have been driven to business closing without being pressed by the development of the Western style spinning industry, and following change of lifestyle.
    "I might close down work when particular about tradition needlessly. I did not have feelings and always only did technical improvement, new product development. Therefore smile of Murakami asserting, we were able to work happily somehow is like boy. Wife nodded with smile kindly in the neighbor to support him.

    Cotton is healing; is also ecology

    For texture of cotton, quiet boom is caused recently. "Kotatsu covers" of cloth with splashed pattern which Murakami made seemed to be taken away with magazine. As for "the Japanese, simplicity and gentleness to have of cotton may calm down most. At the other side of Mr. and Mrs. Murakami who said, we make work which became ground of Japanese heart well, sound of texture plane of factory sounded without a break calmly from now on.

    Gleanings

    Weaving machine of vaunted Yumihama Gasuri

    It was weaving machine of vaunted Yumihama Gasuri to have been surprised when we disturbed factory of Murakami. He/she seems to have used with attachment all the time since its formation for 40 years.
    Murakami "field repairing this machine Master of Traditional Crafts." laughed. It is said that good craftsman takes good care of tool, but is the street definitely.

    • Weaving machines and craftsmen with the term of service

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Yumihama Gasuri
Phonetic symbol yumihamagasuri
Classification of industrial art object Woven textiles
Main product Kimono place, cushion, noren, bag
Main production area Tottori / Yonago-shi, Sakaiminato-shi
The designation date September 4, 1975

Contact information

■local production associations

Tottori Yumihama Gasuri cooperative association
〒684-0052
86, Mugikakicho, Sakaiminato-shi, Tottori
TEL: 0859-45-0926
FAX: 0859-45-0926

http://www.y-gasuri.jp/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

There is only thing which began as clothes for oneself of farmer and it is simple and has rough-hewn texture. We make use of technique of picture cloth with splashed pattern, and "mascot" pattern to have connection again in "good luck charm" "lucky sign" and life is expressed delicately and boldly.

This garment has a rough texture, rustic texture which points to its origin as clothing for farmers. They are adorned with bold and delicate "good luck," "evil-warding"and "auspicious" patterns as well as patterns related to daily living and made using pictorial kasuri techniques.

How to make

We remove impurities of raw thread, and we pull the thread to around 80, and gather, and katsu (kuku) ri dyes part becoming handle. When we are dried and bind and take thread after dyeing, we whiten without only part which we bound being dyed. When we distribute one 80 threads and weave while putting white parts together, we can make pattern.

After impurities have been removed from the raw yarn, about 80 strands are arranged parallel to each other and the portion to be patterned is tied and then dyed. After the strands have been dyed and allowed to dry, once the tying yarn is removed, only the portion that had been tied will not have been stained and will appear white. By dividing the 80 threads one by one, and weaving them in combination with the white portion, it will be possible to create patterns.

Voice from production center

We quite just use technique or processing of cotton Yumihama Gasuri and make picture cloth with splashed pattern which changed material into pongee and wool.

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