Yumihama GasuriYumihama Ikat
In bow ga Hamachi of West Tottori, production of cotton as private use that used sandy area in the latter half of the 17th century began. Production of cotton which was fiber which assumed cotton raw materials in middle part in the 18th century when wholesale dealer of blue beryl which became the cause of dye was established increased.
It was Yonago, the bow ga beach at the beginning of the 19th century, and picture cloth with splashed pattern called eyes cloth with splashed pattern of the beach came to be woven by women of farmhouse.
The cultivation of cotton for home use on the sandy soil in the area of Yumigahama in the western part of Tottori Prefecture started in the latter half of the 17th century. When wholesalers of the indigo balls used for dyeing became established in the middle of the 18th century, cotton production for cloth increased.
Then at the beginning of the 19th century, the womenfolk on the farms in Yonago and Yumigahama started weaving a picture ikat called hamanome-gasuri.
Being a cloth that was first woven to be made up into garments for personal use by farming families, it has a simple and honest quality. While picture ikat techniques are utilized to the full to create patterns associated with everyday life bringing the wearer good luck, good fortune and warding off any evil spirits, the designs are boldly expressed.These cloth is used for kimono as well as for cushion covers, curtains and bags.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, cushion, noren, bag
|Main production area
||Tottori / Yonago-shi, Sakaiminato-shi
|The designation date
||September 4, 1975
■local production associations
Tottori Yumihama Gasuri cooperative association
86, Mugikakicho, Sakaiminato-shi, Tottori
■Associated exhibit space, facility
There is only thing which began as clothes for oneself of farmer and it is simple and has rough-hewn texture. We make use of technique of picture cloth with splashed pattern, and "mascot" pattern to have connection again in "good luck charm" "lucky sign" and life is expressed delicately and boldly.
This garment has a rough texture, rustic texture which points to its origin as clothing for farmers. They are adorned with bold and delicate "good luck," "evil-warding"and "auspicious" patterns as well as patterns related to daily living and made using pictorial kasuri techniques.
How to make
We remove impurities of raw thread, and we pull the thread to around 80, and gather, and katsu (kuku) ri dyes part becoming handle. When we are dried and bind and take thread after dyeing, we whiten without only part which we bound being dyed. When we distribute one 80 threads and weave while putting white parts together, we can make pattern.
After impurities have been removed from the raw yarn, about 80 strands are arranged parallel to each other and the portion to be patterned is tied and then dyed. After the strands have been dyed and allowed to dry, once the tying yarn is removed, only the portion that had been tied will not have been stained and will appear white. By dividing the 80 threads one by one, and weaving them in combination with the white portion, it will be possible to create patterns.
Voice from production center
We quite just use technique or processing of cotton Yumihama Gasuri and make picture cloth with splashed pattern which changed material into pongee and wool.