Yaeyama JofuYaeyama Ramie
It was invaded and attacked, and Ryukyu was related by having been forced to weave for capitation tax that came to be imposed on for technical improvement of Yaeyama Jofu in Satsuma equal to current West Kagoshima in the early 17th century.
Association was formed at the end of the Meiji era after the capitation tax abolition and became popular as industry very much. However, we were cut off in the Great War of Showa at one time and were continued in several people quietly after the war.
Satsuma was one of the old provinces occupying what is now the western part of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southern end of Kyushu. Forces from Satsuma invaded Ryukyu in 1609 and the compulsory weaving of Yaeyama Jofu to pay a poll tax that was levied, in turn led to an improvement of techniques.
After the tax was abolished in 1907, a union was set up and the weaving of this cloth prospered as an industry. Weaving ceased for a time due to World War II but was revived gradually after the conflict was over.
Using patterns which are common to other ikat weaves in Okinawa, the yarn is a hand spun ramie, or china grass. Being a hand-woven cloth, there are slight differences in color and pattern and no two pieces are the same. It has a light touch making it an ideal cloth for a summer kimono. The main products are kimono fabrics, obi sashes, wall hangings etc.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, obi, tapestry, noren
|Main production area
||Okinawa / Ishigaki-shi, Taketomi-cho, Yaeyama-gun
|The designation date
||April 11, 1989
■local production associations
Ishigaki-shi Woven textiles business cooperative association
Ishigaki-shi, Okinawa 783-2, Tonoshiro
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Design uses Ryukyu Kasuri same as other Okinawa Woven textiles. As weft is woven in shubo (we pile up) gino ramie (choma) and is dyed with plant dye and it is handwoven and is produced, colors are delicately different, and, as for the thing same as one, there are none. In addition, it is comfortable and we look cool and are most suitable as kimono for summer.
Ryukyu kasuri, also common to other Okinawan clothings, are used as its patterns. Yaeyama Jofu is made of hand-twisted ramie weft, dyed with plants and hand woven. This makes subtle difference in every clothings. It is suitable for summer as they are smooth and gives cooler impression.
How to make
Dyeing adds thread to shukatsu (kuku) rino technique to be known nationwide using hand yarn of ramie removed a few times a year, and, using plant dye called the rouge dew (cool) that Ishigakijima is said to be northern limit, dyeing by textile printing (nassen) is performed, too. Finally we expose to seawater for approximately five hours and finish.
Ramie, which can only harvested few times a year, is used for its material. Dying methods called tekukuri and nassen is well-known nationwide. It is said that Ishigakijima is the northern limit to use Kuru for dying. It is finished by soaking into seawater for five hours.
Voice from production center
As well as plant dye, it is said that generally color is vulnerable to direct rays of the sun, but there is property to thicken, and color is most suitable for the rouge dew growing wild only in Yaeyama district in the country for dye for summer so as to expose if we expose to Nikko.