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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Tokyo Tegaki YuzenTokyo Yuzen Dyeing

It was in the middle of the Edo era, and products from the Kansai area said to be "outbound thing" gathered in Edo where culture and economy prospered together as the center of military administration a lot. There are many personal dyers (we dye and do) of daimyo, and one of passage of such times comes to move to Edo,
Various technique was conveyed. Merchant came to hold initiative of economy, and merchant culture developed, and sense such as the best and rust became common, and freehand drawing yuzen by design illustrator developed.

By the 18th century, Edo was the center of political power of the Shogunate and the culture and economy of this metropolis that later became Tokyo flourished.
A great deal of produce especially from western Japan consequently found its way into the city. Many dyers came with their feudal lords and settled in Edo, bringing with them their own skills and techniques. As town's folk became economically stronger, an urban culture developed. A chic yet restrained sense of taste became the norm and freehand dyeing developed at the hands of specialist artists.

Being a large city, the populous of the metropolis has always been more inclined toward fashions with a refined character. Founded on such maxims of taste, the coloring of Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen is restrained and yet is also characterized by a lightness and delicacy.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Draw sketch using blue-and-white chinas.

    2
    When you do resist style, depend that "dam opening seaweed" lie down, and line seaweed, "white charge account seaweed" get on, and to describe harou again.

    3
    "You place" and describe, and use writing brush or brush for dyeing.

    4
    Thing by imprinting using paper pattern which we made freehand drawing or crest sculpture when we ground crest dyed figure on cloth.

    5
    When embroider, thing by hand embroidery.

    Raw materials

    Assume dough silk fabrics.

  • Work scenery

    Japanese representative kimono, freehand drawing yuzen graphically designed seasonal scenery or plant and they put color by hand carefully and dyed a brief note a brief note to silk fabrics. Breath, chaste refinement, detached atmosphere that technique is the same as Kyoto, Kaga, but reflected character of Edo is big characteristic of yuzen of Tokyo. Adopt bright color now, and is modernistic; is finished.

    Process 1: Design, design

    We put together in individuality and season of person wearing and think about design and we liken kimono to one piece of picture and describe rough sketch in Washi Paper. And, to technique of development, color, each process of overall composition, Fumi, we work out minute design. We may color as well as rough sketch in some cases.

    Process 2: Sketch

    We soak writing brush with blue-and-white china liquid and, to cloth which we fitted in form for kimono, perform line drawing of design according to design, design. We fall neatly when we wash raw materials of blue-and-white china liquid with flower juice, water of Tradescantia reflexa. It is basic process to decide good pattern of the finish.

    Process 3: Line masking

    We touch advance payment in point of pipe which we made with tanned paper and put yuzen paste (thing which mochinori (rice cake came and mixed), rice bran, salt with). We comply with outline of design about sketch and leave on the surface of dough while squeezing paste from pipe. This is important work to influence resist style process, the finish that other design parts and dye are mixed and are not blurred. When we be dyed and got nervous, it is called "line" because it remains white as line of paste pulled thread.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 4: We place freehand drawing yuzen

    Color places dye liquid by small brush and writing brush and, inside of design that performed line masking, comes. To perform while warming by fire so that color is not blurred, and drying, work that is serious as for is hot, serving. When we match colors while thinking about property to have of dye and fix harmony of overall color, it is the most important process. It is process to let you shade off, and to become highlights such as own sense of color or aesthetic sense, skill for craftsman including the wonder of color with the beauty, other colors of the light and shade, shadow of color.

    Process 5: Masking lie down

    It is dye of colour of the ground and resist style process not to join. We put paste (thing which worked out mochinori and rice bran in the ratio of 7:3) on part that it is likely that we placed color and sow rice bran in the top. Craftsman oneself begins to sharpen board of hinoki and makes spatula to use when we put paste.

    Process 6: Brush dyeing

    We dye the ground of dough. We soak large brush with dye of colour of the ground and put dough with pin and dye the whole at a stretch to be accompanied by dye liquid uniformly. There is technique to make various kinds of ombre dyeing using large brush, small brush and needs high technique that we were an expert of.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 7: Steaming, washing with water

    We catch in paper and, on limit, steam with steam of 100 degrees for 20-25 minutes. In this way, dye takes root in dough. And it washes away washing with water, extra dye and paste. We did washing with water (we wash down Yuzen) in river, but the scenery became uncommon now in old days, too. When dough dries after having washed, white outline of line appears, and colorful figure strongly becomes more attractive.

    Process 8: Steaming

    We perform steaming through dough on metal drum which we heated with steam. We repair skewness of dough and are work to fix length and width constantly.

    Process 9: Finish

    We correct part of design that be dyed, and rose by writing brush or brush and finish. In addition, we let you fix gold silver foil partially to let design become more attractive still more and give embroidery. It depends on technique, but, in from one month to several months, one piece of freehand drawing yuzen is finished.

    Process 10: Crest dyed figure on cloth

    When family coat of arms is necessary, freehand drawing lets you creak illustrator in specialized crest on the completed yuzen. It is technique to need mastery of skills drawing minute pattern with sumi in small plane like stamp.

     

  • Close-up

    Bitter, smart Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen across space-time

    Freehand drawing yuzen which came to town of Edo from the capital of Kyoto 200 years ago. The surface accomplished change to character of merchant while keeping joke feeling alive simply bitterly in secret place. It may be reason why the flexibility continues being found in the times when yuzen of Tokyo is new.

     

    Edo yuzen which expressed rebellious spirit mind of Edoite

    "Scene which did yuzen sink in river was seen in Showa until the early time. The good old days are already far now; have been memorized……"
    Masakazu Adachi who liked describing painting since there was discretion, and wanted only white paper in substitution for toy. As soon as dyeing industrial arts is detonated by contact in Kanda by founded father, and graduate from university; of technique of Yuzen process learned the basics.
    Edo yuzen is quieter than polychromatic various, gorgeous one, and Kyo Yuzen is quiet. What yuzen was gone around among townsmans widely in town of Edo in the days of culture civil administration (1804-30). Samurai withered and fell, and merchant gained power, and culture of Edo reached the overripeness period. The Shogunate established severe regulation about meal or kimono every rank particularly forbade merchant gorgeous clothes. Merchants wore kimonos such as quiet striped patterns with safety as if they obeyed government orders officially.
    "Dough which treated gorgeous gold and silver if place returns the other side of haori including time to go out to play to Yoshihara suddenly comes out. We knew the best of Edoite who thing which was rebellious spirit mind for power usually hid with opportunity, and was dressed up in invisible place"

    Masakazu Adachi. For these past 15 years, we open yuzen classroom several times in month. When convey skills and techniques of yuzen in history, for successor upbringing

    We copy heart movement or had thing to kimono

    jirai 200 years. Yuzen of Tokyo is getting closer to idea of modern painting a lot now. In the first place "what do you draw?" was theme, but focus is affected by "how do you describe?" in the present age. Even if design is flowers and birds poetic genius, it does not only end in simple realism. We focus on part of invisible idea to express flower and chicken only by oneself, and it is said that we let the kimono have story characteristics.
    "Of course you must not neglect basic technique called realism. We do not still miss myself, exercise of sketch. We go out to sketch well at variety of flowers garden of Mukaishima, Koraku-en Garden, Rikugi-en Garden of Hongo, Tomi garden of the Imperial Palace."
    What do you pile up on the technique? It depends on sensitivity of craftsman each person and the richness of idea power. It is said that Adachi always sets up antenna to go where.
    "We provoke beautiful thing, sympathy……There is thing to feel to be a lot at moment at the moment. For example, it sounded through heart than way back from Kyoto, Omifuji in dusk when it stayed in eyes incidentally, what kind of noted place. We want to copy heart movement or had thing to kimono like that."

    Work which "copying paste picture" technique was used for. Because there is not line of line peculiar to yuzen, and all the boundaries of Fumi are divided with color, there are unique feel of a material and three-dimensional impression. It is totally atmosphere such as oil painting

    It is necessary to change to tell

    We want to speak to Adachi through yuzen in the world. Soaring economic growth already lives in the times of impossible zero economic growth how; or - -.
    "We want you to think about handing child and grandchild without valuing one of potato which wants to be made with genuine technique, and ending for charges of you alone. We tell sense of values to the next generation with thing. Really rich kadatoiukotonanjanaideshoka it."
    To that end, it is pet theory of Adachi to have to change Traditional Craft. Should we reform by oneself while using traditional technique to measure up to senses of the new times? It will become necessary to sometimes disturb ready-made concept once. There is no end to creativity of Adachi emphasizing the richness of idea. What is it said that it fits in in Jomon with now?
    "We feel smell of soil with skin, and chest throbs when we mention Jomon culture. Though design sauce is thing 10,000 years ago, it must be me's original expression when we raise as work called yuzen. It which we break once and make again and give is work to dance heart."
    Matched yuzen with character of land and changed into adaptability (yuuzuumuge) once when we came from Kyoto to Edo. We are reaching big turning point again now in the times. Yuzen of Tokyo seems to have wing which flies lightly, and is beyond space-time somehow or other. It will be that Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen reaches to afterworld while repeating reproduction as far as talks of person who prays when we love yuzen and are drawn into steady person who continues creating, the story and want to put sleeve do not break off.

    • Nitten exhibition work "ruins of a city construction" that flashed from Jomon. Besides, as for the ancient series, there are "layer "ancient family" "ancient remembrance" "ruins of a city of the ancient times" at the age of the ancient times"

    • A brief note a brief note places color carefully.

    • "Copying paste picture" peculiar to Adachi technique. We put thing which mixed dye with paste in the paste pipe and repeat grafting when we place when we dry and dry. Because we repeated with yuzen, and placing had muddy color, it was said that it was unorthodox, but challenged traditional taboo (taboo) daringly

    Craftsman profile

    Masakazu Adachi

    It was born in 1935.
    Epoch-making technique that "copying paste picture" which we completed with father defeats established concept of conventional yuzen. We play an active part in not only Yuzen process but also field of senheifu.

    Gleanings

    Yuzen process of Edo that accomplished development along the Sumida River and the Kanda River

     

    • Yuzen of Tokyo described under the theme of fascinating bloom. With two points, it is Masakazu Adachi product

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen
Phonetic symbol We ask
Classification of industrial art object Dyed Textiles
Main product Kimono place, haori, obi
Main production area Whole Tokyo / special ward others
The designation date March 3, 1980

Contact information

■local production associations

Tokyo industrial arts dyeing cooperative association
〒161-0032
3-21-6, Nakaochiai, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo
TEL: 03-3953-8843
FAX: 03-3953-8898

http://www.tokyotegakiyuzen.or.jp/

■We visit production center from foreign countries
Image
Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen - production center visit article

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

In the Edo era, refined fashion has been found as place of big consumption from those days to the present age. Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen characterizes smart design which held the number of the colors in check against a backdrop of such a nature of the locality and is characterized by bright color and design with newness in quiet feeling.

From the Edo period until today, Tokyo, formerly Edo, has always been the center of refined fashion in Japan. Tokyo Tegaki yuzen exemplifies the refined character of Edo through sophisticated designs that use a limited number of colors. Within modest boundaries, Tokyo Tegaki yuzen always conveys something fresh and cheerful in each and every design.

How to make

In Tokyo Tegaki Yuzen, we classify roughly, and there are line yuzen, batik print (roukechizome), three ways of technique of no line drawing (we are not choked, but come). It is all dyeing by resist style technique. Line Yuzen whom line such as white thread rises to in dyeing vividly is mainstream now.

Tokyo Tegaki yuzen consists of three major techniques: Itome yuzen (framed drawing), Rouketsu-zome (dye-resistant wax drawing), and musen-gaki (frameless drawing). Each of the techniques combines the concepts of drawing by hand with methods of fabric dyeing and creating dye resistance. Recently Itome yuzen, which creates the impression of white threads floating upon a sea of vivid colors, is the most popular.

Voice from production center

We lower to good place of ventilation for half-hour without enfolding right after wearing. We remove dirts such as sweat, stain before putting away and clean.