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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Kyo KomonKyoto Fine-Pattern Dyeing

Beginning of Kyo Komon dates back 1,200 years before paper pattern becoming basics was made. When various silk fabrics were produced, after Onin War happened in the Muromachi era, crossroads ka dye in cherry blossom color and chaokusen developed, and there was Shokunincho of dyeing around Horikawa of Kyoto.
Small flower pattern printing a fine pattern trunk clothes (kobanamonkomonzomedofuku) of crested kimono fine pattern hemp clothes (montsukikomonkatabira) and Ieyasu Tokugawa of Kenshin Uesugi make full use of technique of fine pattern and are made. Technique of fine pattern which performed brush dyeing that we put resist style paste at this time more was finished.

Kyo Komon dates back more than 1,200 years, when the all-essential stencil papers were first made.
After the Onin War which occurred during the Muramachi period (1333-1568), a number of different kinds of silk cloths were produced. This led to the development of two forms of stencil dyeing, tsujigahana and chaya-zome around the area of Horikawa in Kyoto and became a dyeing center. Fine-pattern dyeing can be found on a number of important garments including a coat belonging to Uesugi Kenshin bearing his crest, and on a waistcoat worn by Tokugawa Ieyasu also bearing his crest. It was about this time that rice-paste resist techniques were perfected.

This form of fine-pattern dyeing was a method of stencil dyeing small patterns in a single color on such garments as a kamishimo, the ceremonial robe worn by the warrior classes. These days just as in the past fine patterns are still being dyed using stencil papers but much bolder western florals have now been added to its repertoire. Cloth is mainly produced for kimono and coats.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Design being like fine pattern.

    2
    Say that you engraved paper pattern on ground paper which let making paper by hand Washi Paper swell using persimmon juice or ground paper which is equal to this.

    3
    Perform pattern arrangement of model charge account by manual labor.

    4
    Dyed goods in the local area are things by brush dyeing or "harsh training".

    5
    It be said that seaweed not to be able to make mixed rice bran and salt with rice flour.

    Raw materials

    Assume dough silk fabrics.

  • Work scenery

    "kyoshoshibori" becomes "dyeing of printing" to dye Fumi using paper pattern for technique. "Model yuzen of Kyo Yuzen is the basically same as this process, too". We usually suffer for 1-2 months before there are many processes, and we be dyed, and Kyo Komon goes up.
    As for the dyeing of Japan, technique "that we made resist style with paste and dyed" has been performed for a long time.
    In contrast, dyeing of Europe did not have concept called "resist style", and dyeing of cloth was carried out in technique of copperplate engraving for a long time. Technique and existence of "resist style" were not known until Java saraca was imported in the about 18th century.
    Paper pattern of Kyo Komon carves design with knife to model ground paper of Washi Paper and is made. Paste which we made from rice has been used for resist style. There is scene of printing to "paper on which a painting is painted coloration picture of many artisans" which Yoshinobu Kanou (1552 through 1640) drew (important cultural property), and it is revealed that printing was performed in the 1600s.
    This "dyeing of printing" technique is high dyeing technology that Japan is proud of to the world. Using paper pattern of phototype process, beautiful Italian scarf and tie dyed with various colors have a principle of the dyeing technique in Japanese "tradition printing" now. In fact, there was the origin of print dyeing technique used generally in technique of Japanese "tradition printing" today.

    Process 1: Profiling (person overcharges)

    Using chisel suitable for design, we carve design to model ground paper (thing which laminated eyes of paper in turn, and painted with persimmon juice, and dried three pieces - four pieces of Washi Paper).

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 2: Color-matching

    We add dye liquid to yuzen paste and we mix enough and make color paste of homogeneity with stirring (stirring) stick and provide appointed color. (we make examination steaming then.)

    Process 3: Printing (we employ person)

    We put paper pattern on soil dough which we swell and did and touch resist style paste or color paste to piece spatula and copy design. In the whole dough which there are 12 meters by one type one after another, we do soaked in design.

    Process 4: Dyed goods in the local area (jizome)

    Method to dye colour of the ground has two ways of methods.
    The first method is "harsh training sen" applying "color paste" in piece seawifes. It is "brush dyeing" that the second method puts dye liquid on brush and paints with.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 5: Steaming, washing in water

    Put cloth which was over of dyed goods in the local area in the steamed box, and dye dyes enough to dough (senchaku); steam with steam for 20-60 minutes to do.
    If it finishes being sultry, we wash off paste of dough and extra dye under running water and we spin-dry and dry.

    Process 6: Finish

    We make getting out width by the steam and prepare cloth that washing in water was over and are completion.

     

  • Close-up

    Kyo Komon to shine in in the four seasons in Japan

    "Kyo Komon" which accomplished original development while influencing with Yuzen. Kyo Komon which technique of model yuzen is just made use of in has elegant atmosphere. Gentleness and dignity overflow to go to coloration and pattern.

     

    Genteelness that charm of Kyo Komon assumed being graceful

    The history of Kyo Komon is old and is done with the origin before 1200 when paper pattern becoming basics was made. Printing a fine pattern develops as old ceremonial dress of samurai of the Edo era and is said to be "Edo-dyed clothe" generally. Stylish printing a fine pattern was popular among the people at large of Edo, Kyoto as "padded silk garment" of man and woman with the best. We changed from single color into multi-coloring while influencing with "model yuzen" after it was the Meiji era and accomplished development original as "Kyo Yuzen". There are was different from "Tokyo Some Komon" in "Kyo Komon", being graceful and elegant atmosphere that we did. The feature is that gentleness and dignity overflow to go to coloration and pattern. ikedensengei which is finding the means of escape by new technique now while making use of characteristic of the traditional "Kyo Komon." We visited dyer, Kazuo Ikeda in the spot of the development.

    We are dyed using Ise Katagami of delicate engraving with a gimlet. It is wide kimono of use that is worn with one piece of kimono from "wedding ceremony to funeral" if we change obi

    "Fine sharkskin pattern gradation sen" which the skill of traditional "Kyo Komon dyeing" produces

    Kyo Komon is said to be model yuzen. There is much traditional Fumi. Ikeda who dyed various Fumi before, but says, "we are particular about pattern of superior "fine sharkskin pattern" in design in fine pattern most recently." "Being graceful and atmosphere that we did" peculiar to Kyo Komon were put on the "fine sharkskin pattern". It is "gradation fine sharkskin pattern" which hem shading off enters in colour of the ground of "fine sharkskin pattern". Traditional technique of Kyo Komon is made use of in "development of new technique" "colour of the ground ombre dyeing" that acquired this patent. Fine pattern finished in soft texture acquires good design prize in the autumn of 1999. We received designation of "G mark" with kimono for the first time. "Gradation fine sharkskin pattern" which acquired high score by examination became special prize candidate.

    We want to make unprecedented thing

    Ikeda is the dyer business third generation. We graduated from commerce department of high school and engaged in dyeing of business. At the same time, we learned chromatology and history of art while working as auditor of Kyoto City university of arts (current Kyoto university of fine arts) for three years.
    "We make use of creativity" and say that one is hobby. We used slide film for sample book with color photo said to be "book sample" and attached easy shower to model washing space throughout the trade to put up work efficiency. In addition, we thought about putting paper streamer on yuzen board, and preventing dirt of board. While we review everyday work process and we suggest and practice, at the age of 23 years old, we devise "automatic air automatic spray". Spray to use had stirrup pump built-in to keep dampness to dyeing stencil though we aired conventionally, but hit on using air compressor instead. This invention acquired utility model and won Secretary of Science and Technology Agency Prize. "We do few thing, thing without precedent so far" and like one. New business that there was not precedent founded together study session "kimono fashion society" in those days and, during 20 generations, continued for more than ten years.
    Reality of a certain "kimono industry" is severe in front of such Ikeda. Appearance of "fine patterns" made with technique of "machine textile printing" to carve Fumi such as fine sharkskin patterns which are delicate in metal cylinder on principle of copperplate engraving. Price was pushed to "mass-produced fine pattern" dyed neatly uniformly cheaply, and fine pattern which "we dyed in traditional technique" was forced to hard fight. "Does method that anyone can distinguish at first glance not have genuine "Kyo Komon made of paste resist style of Ise Katagami" and fine pattern of "machine textile printing"?." We challenged, and, for Ikeda who looked reality in the face as dyer, this problem became "theme" with worth. We apply technique of gradation of chromatology that we ever studied in university of arts and will work on development of new technology.

    Kyoto "town of the history and craftsman"

    Ikeda, what "has you proceed to the production center in knowing true good Officially designated Traditional craft products and see with own eyes and check is the first." "Kyoto is old town of the history, and there is much Officially designated Traditional craft products with 17 items, too. It is town of technique to support Japanese culture. We say, we want to make forthcoming "town of shopping and sightseeing" to buy Officially designated Traditional craft products of "hommamon" to Kyoto.
    Ikeda who works on thing except main profession energetically. Friend range is wide, too. Other than the "dyeing" work, we say that it is the Internet now to add pressure most. "We want to expand the contents of homepage little by little from now on. We talked about the next aim saying information wants to send the history and history of "Kyo Komon".

    Visiting dress of "fine sharkskin pattern gradation sen" of ikedensengei was used for commercial of Suntory "sound"

    Craftsman profile

    Kazuo Ikeda (we are good and do not hold)

    It was born in January 7, 1937.
    Kyo Komon dyer
    Master of Traditional Crafts
    Kyoto traditional industry excellence engineer

    Gleanings

    Small tools coloring the history of Traditional Craft

    Large and small "senoke" is drawn on Yoshinobu Kanou image "figure of craftsman screen" which played an active part in Momoyama era besides craftsman making printing. There was "senoke" piled up one cup of wall surface in half-landing of studio in ikedensengei. Small tools which pail existed for used craftsmen at the time close and looked good with besides the life. In "senoke which lived in long history," we feel flow in molding-like beauty shop.
    As small tools which tree pail still has taste of Japanese-style for from "sushi plate" for dishes to "bath basin" of us is immediate. Our "tree pail also" adheres in everyday living and continues growing with history of family.

    • We acquire G mark as "pole fine sharkskin pattern hem shading off visiting dress". Vivid colour of the ground is impressive

     

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Kyo Komon
Phonetic symbol kyokomon
Classification of industrial art object Dyed Textiles
Main product Kimono place, coat, haori
Main production area Kyoto / Kyoto-shi, Uji-shi, Kameoka-shi, Joyo-shi, Muko-shi others
The designation date June 2, 1976

Contact information

■local production associations

Association of Kyo Yuzen cooperative association society
〒604-8225
481, Tourouyamacho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto
The fifth floor of the dyed goods after Kyoto design hall
TEL: 075-255-4496
FAX: 075-255-4499

http://www.kyosenren.or.jp/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

As for the fine pattern, print did small Fumi whom old ceremonial dress (we chew as for doing) of samurai had with one color. In the present age, there is various thing to thing which we give up yohanato and graphically designed boldly let alone traditional fine pattern made printing in small Fumi literally.

Komon are fine patterns stencil-dyed in single colors like the ones which can be found on a samurai’s kamishimo. These days, in addition to the old-fashioned komons which, as the name indicates, are fine stencil-dyed patterns (komon meaning small pattern in Japanese), there are many other types including boldly stylized ones like gaudy flowers, etc.

How to make

We stick white dough which we refined on yuzen board which applied fatty tuna paste to one side after the lower steaming and touch resist style paste or color paste in piece seawifes from paper pattern and copy design into dough. We perform dyed goods in the local area to dye colour of the ground more there or brush dyeing, and it is sultry and washes in water.

Refined white cloth is smoothed by steam and then pasted onto a yuzen board on one side of which Toro glue has been applied; resist printing paste or color paste is then applied with a special square spatula (“komabera”) from the top of the paper stencil and the patterns are reproduced onto the fabric. Finally, the fabric is subjected to texture dyeing or brush dyeing in order to color the background and then steamed and washed.

Voice from production center

Kyo Komon has being graceful and elegant atmosphere that we did. Gentleness and dignity overflow to go to pattern for coloration.