Kyo KomonKyoto Fine-Pattern Dyeing
Beginning of Kyo Komon dates back 1,200 years before paper pattern becoming basics was made. When various silk fabrics were produced, after Onin War happened in the Muromachi era, crossroads ka dye in cherry blossom color and chaokusen developed, and there was Shokunincho of dyeing around Horikawa of Kyoto.
Small flower pattern printing a fine pattern trunk clothes (kobanamonkomonzomedofuku) of crested kimono fine pattern hemp clothes (montsukikomonkatabira) and Ieyasu Tokugawa of Kenshin Uesugi make full use of technique of fine pattern and are made. Technique of fine pattern which performed brush dyeing that we put resist style paste at this time more was finished.
Kyo Komon dates back more than 1,200 years, when the all-essential stencil papers were first made.
After the Onin War which occurred during the Muramachi period (1333-1568), a number of different kinds of silk cloths were produced. This led to the development of two forms of stencil dyeing, tsujigahana and chaya-zome around the area of Horikawa in Kyoto and became a dyeing center. Fine-pattern dyeing can be found on a number of important garments including a coat belonging to Uesugi Kenshin bearing his crest, and on a waistcoat worn by Tokugawa Ieyasu also bearing his crest. It was about this time that rice-paste resist techniques were perfected.
This form of fine-pattern dyeing was a method of stencil dyeing small patterns in a single color on such garments as a kamishimo, the ceremonial robe worn by the warrior classes. These days just as in the past fine patterns are still being dyed using stencil papers but much bolder western florals have now been added to its repertoire. Cloth is mainly produced for kimono and coats.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, coat, haori
|Main production area
||Kyoto / Kyoto-shi, Uji-shi, Kameoka-shi, Joyo-shi, Muko-shi others
|The designation date
||June 2, 1976
■local production associations
Association of Kyo Yuzen cooperative association society
481, Tourouyamacho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto
The fifth floor of the dyed goods after Kyoto design hall
■Associated exhibit space, facility
As for the fine pattern, print did small Fumi whom old ceremonial dress (we chew as for doing) of samurai had with one color. In the present age, there is various thing to thing which we give up yohanato and graphically designed boldly let alone traditional fine pattern made printing in small Fumi literally.
Komon are fine patterns stencil-dyed in single colors like the ones which can be found on a samurai’s kamishimo. These days, in addition to the old-fashioned komons which, as the name indicates, are fine stencil-dyed patterns (komon meaning small pattern in Japanese), there are many other types including boldly stylized ones like gaudy flowers, etc.
How to make
We stick white dough which we refined on yuzen board which applied fatty tuna paste to one side after the lower steaming and touch resist style paste or color paste in piece seawifes from paper pattern and copy design into dough. We perform dyed goods in the local area to dye colour of the ground more there or brush dyeing, and it is sultry and washes in water.
Refined white cloth is smoothed by steam and then pasted onto a yuzen board on one side of which Toro glue has been applied; resist printing paste or color paste is then applied with a special square spatula (“komabera”) from the top of the paper stencil and the patterns are reproduced onto the fabric. Finally, the fabric is subjected to texture dyeing or brush dyeing in order to color the background and then steamed and washed.
Voice from production center
Kyo Komon has being graceful and elegant atmosphere that we did. Gentleness and dignity overflow to go to pattern for coloration.