Ryukyu BingataRyukyu Bingata Dyeing
Beginning of Ryukyu Bingata can date back to the mid-15th century.
Ryukyu Bingata is produced under the utmost protection of King prefecture, and colorfully-dyed pattern (bottles) of Ryukyu is named Orient flower cloth, and it is written down to history book of the early 19th century in Fujian market that it was famous trade product.
We received crushing blow, but the promotion is planned after organization of colorfully-dyed pattern preservation society, organization of Okinawa bottles tradition technique preservation fair, designation of "Officially designated Traditional craft products" of country in 1984 after the war by World War II.
The origins of Ryukyu Bingata dyeing can be traced back to the middle of the 15th century, when King Shoen was on the thrown. The court gave its unfailing patronage to the craft and according to a 1802 chronicle, Ryukyu Bingata was called a "floral cloth of the east" and was highly regarded at the market in Fuchien, China.
Although almost completely wiped out during the Second World War, efforts were made to revive this craft and in 1950, the Bingata Preservation Society and the Okinawa Bingata Preservation Society were formed. This was followed by government recognition in 1984, when bingata was formally designated as a Traditional Craft Product.
Bingata dyeing is the only dyeing craft in Okinawa combining the techniques of stencil dyeing from China and the hand dyeing skills of Kyoto yuzen. Silk, cotton and abaca, which is a banana fiber cloth, are hand dyed using pigments and vegetable dyes. The cloth known simply as bingata is brightly colored where as eshigata is vat dyed with Ryukyu indigo. Each one has an enigmatic appeal peculiar to the South Seas.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Kimono place, obi, decoration cloth
|Main production area
||Okinawa / Naha-shi, Ginowan-shi, Urasoe-shi, Itoman-shi, Tomigusuku-shi, Tamagusukuson, Shimajiri-gun
|The designation date
||May 31, 1984
■local production associations
■Associated exhibit space, facility
It is the only dyed goods in Okinawa that adopted technique of paper pattern of Chugoku, technique of Kyo Yuzen. We make hand dyeing using color, plant dye to cotton cloth, silk cloth, abaca cloth. There is "indigo plant type" (eshigata) by dip-dyeing (shinsen) of colorful "colorfully-dyed pattern" (bottles) and Ryukyu indigo plant. We have mysterious charm peculiar to southern country each.
Ryukyu Bingata is the only dyeing technique in Okinawa. It uses techniques introduced from China and Kyoto. Cotton, silk or bashofu textiles are hand-dyed with pigments and plants. Magnificent Bingata (red) and Eshigata (indigo) are typical. Both have fabulous charms unique to the tropical islands.
How to make
We describe sketch in dough without using "model charge account" (printing) and paper pattern by technique and put paste from sketch in muzzle of paste bag and are divided into "pipe pull" (we draw pipe) to color afterwards. In addition, color includes "colorfully-dyed pattern" and "indigo plant type". We give rukuju under the ground paper which making paper by hand (does) comes using persimmon juice, and laminated Washi Paper, and we carve convex with knife along sketch, and paper pattern does. Ombre dyeing called shade is given shioshi, the top, and, in the case of dyeing, shokuso expresses three-dimensional impression on part of design.
Ryukyu Bingata is made by either Katatsuke (stencil dyeing) or tsutsubiki, which directly draws draft patterns to the fabric and paint it after gluing. There are two color tones: Bingata (red) and Eshigata (indigo). A stencil for dying is made of washi papers bonded by persimmon juice. The stencil is underlaid by a rukuju (dried tofu) while carving. Patterns on the fabric are dyed by irosashi technique, and then kumadori (ombre painting) is applied to add stereoscopic effect.
Voice from production center
Creator of one is hearty handmade article per person. Please thoroughly enjoy Okinawa special cinnabar red color. In addition, we soak cotton and hemp in good-quality soapy water for a while and do rinse washing and dry without squeezing. Please give pongee and silk to specialized laundry man.