Obori Soma YakiObori Soma Ware
It is said that Obori Soma Yaki was begun to make in the early period of Edo era (1690). It was in those days in the most big production center in the Tohoku district where more than 100 potteries lined up for last years in the Edo era because Soma feudal clan which ruled the district protected grilled manufacturing, and they brought up.
When it is the Meiji era, numbers decrease little by little because producer turning into other work came out, and 24 potteries continue making grilled dish now. These potters work hard to create new products for the 21st century while following tradition of 300 years.
Indications are that the origins of Obori Soma Yaki go back to toward the end of the 17th century.
Under the patronage and protection of the local Soma clan the kilns flourished and by the middle of the 19th century, there were more than 100 at work, making it the largest production center in the whole of the Tohoku region of northern Japan. With the changes which took place in the commercial sector on entering the Meiji period (1868-1912), the number of working kilns fell and now there are just 24 at work. Fueled by the 300-year-old heritage of ceramics in the area, however, the creative spirit is still alive.
The majority of pieces are glazed with a clear, glasslike celadon glaze, verging on green. Overall crazing is also a common feature, which makes this ware all the more approachable. The source of the celadon glaze is found locally, but it is not the only glaze used. An ash glaze as well as an amber colored one and a white slip glaze are also used. There are now making vases, tea bowls, cups and flasks for sake and other distinctively decorated pieces.
|Industrial art object name
||Obori Soma Yaki
|Classification of industrial art object
||Tea set, bottle and cup, vase, ashtray
|Main production area
||Fukushima / Namie-machi, Futaba-gun
|The designation date
||February 6, 1978
■local production associations
Obori Soma Yaki cooperative association
Ozawa, Nihonmatsu-shi, Fukushima character original 115-25
Forest of ceramic art overcharges, and Nihonmatsu studio is inner
■Associated exhibit space, facility
We make earthenware which covered up appearance with transparent glaziness with blue called celadon porcelain glaze mainly. Because crazing covers up the whole container like design, it is called "blue crack", and this crazing design makes work one which it is easy to get close to. Toyama stone which is main raw materials of celadon porcelain glaze is raw material produced only at this production center. Other than celadon porcelain glaze, we use ash glaze (we buy and say), rain glaze (say), white style glaze (do and drift and say).
Obori Soma Yaki is primarily known for producing ceramic pieces coated in a glaze of celedon blue. Another well known characteristic of Obori Soma Yaki pieces is the “Ao-hibi” or cracked blue pattern that covers the works - created by the fine cracks within the surface. The stones used for producing the celedon blue glaze can only be found in the Obori region of Fukushima, Japan. In addition to celedon blue, ash colored glaze, clear glaze and white glaze are also used for the ceramic pieces.
How to make
We use local potter's clay for materials of ceramist. We put this soil in the water and will have muddy water and divide by unnecessary thing that we use as clay. We dry mud which we sorted out and make clay, and knock clay which we kneaded well flat on potter's wheel and it is homemade and makes form. If there is form, we finish and do for dry in the shade and do unglazing at temperature of approximately 950 degrees if we completely dry. We attach picture to thing which finished of unglazing, but picture of horse called "run piece" described then is form of picture only in this production center. We can enter kiln with glaze (say bake) over caliber described painting in once again and we bake at temperature of 1,250-1,280 degree and finish.
Local clay earth is used to make the pottery clay for the pieces. This soil is immersed in water, reduced to mud and then separated into the clay that can be used for pottery and other components that will be discarded. The mud which has been sorted this way is dried and made into pottery clay and the well kneaded clay is shaped on a potter’s wheel. Once the clay is shaped, it is dried in darkness. Once it is completely dry, the piece is fired in a kiln at about 950 degrees. After the clay is fired, a picture is drawn on the surface, and the famous “Hashirikoma” running horse drawings are something that can only be found in Obori ceramic pieces. After the picture is drawn, the surface is covered in glaze and then fired once more in the kiln at between 1,250 to 1,280 degrees to finish the piece.