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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Mino YakiMino Ware

The history of Mino Yaki is old and will date back to 1300 until the above now. At first, technique of earthen vessel was introduced from the Korean Peninsula. Earthenware which gave ash glaze (buy, and say) which was said to be haku* (inform) when it was the Heian era (the tenth century) came to be baked.
This haku* improves earthen vessel and is thing using glaze (say bake). The number of kilns increased from this time, too, and it was in full-scale grilled dish production place. From the Azuchimomoyama era through the Edo era beginning, grilled dish which reflected preference of master of tea ceremony was produced with the fashion of tea ceremony.

The history of Mino Yaki goes back some 1,300 years. The techniques of making a Sueki ware were introduced from Korea and then in the 10th century, an ash glaze called shirashi started to be used. This simply amounted to the glazing of the Sue ware with the glaze. It was about this time that the number of kilns increased and a production center for this ware became established.
From the end of the 16th and into the 17th century, pieces reflecting the taste of tea exponents were made as the ceremonial drinking of tea became more popular.

In all, there are 15 different types of Mino Yaki which have officially been designated as a Traditional Craft. Of these, Shino, Kizeto, Oribe and Setoguro have a carefully controlled coloring, while the pale color of the clay and the glaze are so well balanced. Today, they are making of various pieces of tableware, tea bowls, vases and ornaments.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Molding is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Thing by potter's wheel molding, tatara molding, direct copy molding or hand twist molding.

     
    (2)
    Drain bag which sharpen, and does forming finish and wet wiping finish of the whole surface of basis material to have property that is equal to case by molding method that others, basis material by molding method to publish in (1) raise in (1) when is to porcelain; thing by molding or "drain two folds molding."

    2
    When do design charge account of basis material, carve, and take combed line, pressing a flower design in intaglio, aspect, and the texture stick, and wear Mishima hand, and or scratch eyes, engobe; thing by last joke.

    3
    When do china-painting with underglaze color, line drawing, dami, "drawing," is thing by "*sumi" or "printed pattern". In this case, paint assumes "asbolite paint" or "crest paint".

    4
    "Ladle takes" "take zubu" or wear glaze hook; thing by credit. In this case, glaze has with "celadon porcelain glaze" or "Mino porcelain glaze" "ash glaze" "Yu Fukai" "iron glaze" "officer of textiles glaze" "yellow Yu Seto" "Shino glaze".

    5
    When do overglazing, thing by line drawing or "writing brush painting." In this case, paint assumes "sum paint".

    Raw materials

    Yes, potter's clay to use for soil having moxa soil, Mino potter's clay, Kibushi clay, and eyes clay, mokeimata having materials which are equal to these.

  • Work scenery

    Process 1: Soil kneading on fire

    We work out soil that hardness and moisture became uniform enough while turning little by little to let air of the inside next. As the back that it paraded looks like petal of chrysanthemum, it is said to be chrysanthemum kneading on fire.

    Process 2: Molding (seikei)

    String structure, tamatsukuri, tataratsukuri, handbuilding, potter's wheel molding.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 3: Drying

    After molding, we dry by dry in the shade or the sun before unglazing slowly if processing such as sharpening is over. Time for drying varies according to thickness of size and basis material of work.

    Process 4: Unglazed

    We bake work which we mold and dried by kiln of 700-800 degrees.
    Water absorptivity and strength increase by unglazing and become easy to hang glaze.

    Process 5: China-painting with underglaze color

    China-painting with underglaze color means that we describe under in front of hodokoshiuwagusuri (seyuu) namely the glaze.
    We draw with writing brush of business with picture and paint of favorite color.

    Process 6: hodokoshiuwagusuri (seyuu)

    hodokoshiuwagusuri means that we hang glaze in work which performed bare roast. We perform for reinforcement and decoration of work. There is technique such as zubugake, ladle cliff, spray cliff.

    Process 7: This roast (bookstore comes)

    After having done hodokoshiuwagusuri, we burn at high temperature. We bake kiln filling with the whole kiln as uniform density carefully. Kiln includes ascending kiln, gas kiln, electric kiln.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 8: Overglazing (uwaetsuke)

    After doing hodokoshiuwagusuri, and having done this roast, we put picture and pattern with paint for dyed figure on cloth, and overglazing is method to burn at 700-800 degrees.
    We can write in to small line.

    Process 9: Completion

    If burning is over, we do file cliffs of finish and are completion.

     

  • Close-up

    Thought to Mino Yaki

    Mino Yaki with the history of 400 years has kinds such as Shino, officer of textiles, Kinose door, Seto black. We had craftsman who lived in "soil kneading on fire three years, potter's wheel ten years" and the world of ceramic art to be said talk about thought and wish for Mino Yaki.

     

    A ceramic art ray

    Kozo Hayashi is born in Pottery Town Toki-shi. It is said that we thought that oneself is concerned with ceramics when we graduate from junior high school. We study ceramics in high school. "We did not know other work merely only won. Have thought other things to have had possibilities to do it after became after;, however, there seemed to be considerably contemplation for ceramics. On seeing "work of parent who made Western dishes for export, we felt that we might make better thing." We are apprenticed to Kobee Kato who is good at porcelain after the graduation. And we studied Japanese dishes as life tool there for ten years. We become independent at the age of 28 years old and set up studio in goto*jiku of Toki-shi and continue up to the present day.

    Kozo Hayashi is raised in Toki-shi-born Toki-shi in 1950. Master of Traditional Crafts which swallows up shochu "Iichiko" in one's own coffee cup

    Warmth of person who made remains

    The public is filled with earthenware made in large-scale factory, but, on the other hand, there are many people seeking handmade earthenware. It is different in some way when we compare. Many people will demand the difference, but on earth what is it? "Is this not because warmth of person who made remains? Because we make up creator from the making of soil consistently though we are not conscious so much, Hayashi says, slight difference may come out in the neighborhood. "We only think how long it worked in the past to produce the slight difference. We do not come out in one year and two years." Craftsman makes an effort every day to produce this slight difference. There may be many people who are attracted because past of such craftsmen is projected to handmade earthenware.

    Plane for the depths for porcelain to sharpen soil for earthenware before hand

    We make up our mind to make better thing

    In those days when Hayashi entered the world of ceramic art, it was time when production of earthenware for export was prosperous. Scale of factory becomes big, and it is about time when being divided into specialized labors of working advanced. Hayashi "was not divided into specialized labors, and want to wear coherent work. And we decided saying let's make thing which was better than thing of mass production and made soil and made dough and described picture and wore the technique whole of traditional ceramic art that we baked. It is blue white porcelain that Hayashi is good. "Impression of porcelain which we looked at during ascetic practices is strong and thereafter is particular about porcelain." Besides, using goto*do produced in goto*jiku, we make funhiki, officer of textiles, black Oribe ware.

    If tableware has you use

    Signature with character of "forest" as motif is written down to product which Hayashi made. In addition, we write down character of "ko" of the name in work exhibiting for open call for participants exhibition. Hayashi writes in them with responsibility one by one, and is like guarantee of quality. Hayashi says. "We want you to use various tableware with dishes. We think that you do not need to mind how to use that much. We buy container which we liked and want you to use to like. Dishes become delicious if we do so, it becomes daily work that saying Hayashi writing drinks shochu in one's own coffee cup. "Anyway, Hayashi smiled while knowing if we had you use," saying so.

    • Signature with character of "forest" as motif is written down

    • It is fun to see state that soil changes in form of container quickly

    • Saying if "calibers are different, taste of dishes changes, too"; Hayashi

    Gleanings

    It is master of tea ceremony Oribe Furuta in military commanders

    At first, speaking of Mino Yaki, it is "Oribe ware" to be famous. Asymmetric bold form that let you warp artificially, novel geometric design, beautiful novel color that is green, and is represented named officer of textiles glaze are characteristics of Oribe ware. As person called "Oribe Furuta" employed the caliber as for the name called this "officer of textiles" willingly, we were touched.
    By the way, what kind of human being would person named Oribe Furuta be? When, according to the legend, it was expert of world's best tea ceremony what and it was war-torn country military commander. We seemed to serve Nobunaga, Hideyoshi, Ieyasu for best disciple, military commander of Sen no Rikyu about tea. It is very mysterious career.
    It is February 28, 1599 that Oribe ware comes up in historical fact. When Oribe Furuta was employed at opened tea party, it is recorded. We did not seem to be able to hide all members surprise with crooked container to given tea.
    We are doing this February 28 now with "day of officer of textiles". How about thinking about mysterious Oribe Furuta while everybody drinks tea in Oribe ware by all means on that day?

    • Bold form and novel geometric design are characteristics

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Mino Yaki
Phonetic symbol We burn rumen
Classification of industrial art object Ceramics
Main product Vase, tea set, eating and drinking device, ornament
Main production area Gifu / Tajimi-shi, Toki-shi, Mizunami-shi, Kani-shi, Ena-shi, Mitake-cho, Kani-gun
The designation date July 22, 1978

Contact information

■local production associations

Mino Yaki tradition industrial art object cooperative association
〒509-5142
1429-8, Izumichokujiri, Toki-shi, Gifu
Mino Yaki Kyoto Museum of Traditional Industry
TEL: 0572-55-5527
FAX: 0572-55-7352

http://www.minoyaki.gr.jp/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Officially designated Traditional craft products includes 15 kinds of appointed Mino Yaki. Above all, Shino, Kinose door (kizeto), officer of textiles, Seto black (setoguro) valued hue, and are doing soft basis material of light color and the finish of glaze, balanced design with the greatest highlight.

There are fifteen types of Mino yaki designated as traditional crafts. Among these, Shino, Kizeto, Oribe, Setoguro, and others are valued for their use of color, with pale colors, soft textures and overglaze, and well-balanced designs.

How to make

We make form using technique such as potter's wheel, hand twist, direct copy. We engrave design and we draw design with bamboo comb and gold comb and decorate basis material and do unglazing afterwards. We put Shino glaze (shinoyuu), yellow Yu Seto (kizetoyuu), glaze such as officer of textiles glaze (oribeyuu) for thing which finished of unglazing and perform this roast. Sum paint is used for the last overglazing.

Techniques used include wheel throwing, hand forming, and casting. After forming, patterns are carved into the clay, or made using bamboo and metal combs. After the clay is decorated, it is bisque fired. After bisque firing, glaze such as shinoyu, kizetoyu, oribeyu, and others are used before glost firing. Finally, over glazed decorations are made using traditional Japanese pigments.