Bizen YakiBizen Ware
The history of Bizen Yaki was old and has been already made in the Heian era. It is counted in one of Japanese six old kilns and is famous as earthenware (closely "se device ("se" fire strangely stone)") with the history of 1,000 years nationwide.
The simplicity was loved from last years of Muromachi era by masters of tea ceremony and there were many tea service sets and came to be made.
When the Edo era began, there was protection of feudal clan, too and spread out in the whole country. Toyo Kaneshige and Satoshi Fujiwara, Toshu Yamamoto said to be initial "father of interest out of one of Bizen Yaki" of Showa received designation of living national treasure and continued favorable step.
Bizen is one of Japan's six most famous kilns with a history going back some one thousand years to the Heian period (794-1185), when this ware was already in production.
At the end of the Muromachi period (1392-1573), the rustic, undecorated qualities of this ware met with particular favor among the tea fraternity, resulting in the making of many tea bowls and other articles for tea ceremony use. Bizen Yaki became more widely known with the protection of the local clan from about the middle of the 18th century. And this ware has thrived ever since, with a number of Bizen potters including Kanashige Toyo, Fujiwara Kei, and Yamamoto Toshu being recognized officially as Living National Treasures in the early part of the Showa period (1926-1989).
The attributes of Bizen are many. Its natural look and warmth are expressive of the very earth from which it comes. Pieces of Bizen can also be used in so many ways. The delicate flavors of sake are not lost when stored in a Bizen flask and flowers in a Bizen vase last three times longer, while water kept in it remains fresh for much longer. But what is really special about Bizen Yaki is the happy accidents which occur during firing. It is, in a sense, a ""natural art"" as no two pieces of Bizen Yaki are the same, the accidents which happen during firing often producing unexpected changes of color and surface effect.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Tableware, bottle and cup, tea set, vase, ornament
|Main production area
||Okayama / Bizen-shi, Okayama-shi, Setouchi-shi
|The designation date
||November 1, 1982
■local production associations
Cooperative association Okayama Bizen Yaki Sue friend society
1657-7, Inbe, Bizen-shi, Okayama
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Solid style, warmth to have of soil taste, good convenience are characteristic with simplicity, but it may be said that there is the biggest characteristic to malformed china (yohen). It is art of nature that identical work cannot make ni as for the Bizen Yaki for malformed china which is product of nature which color and the surface of grilled dish change into by state in kiln when we bake suddenly.
The characteristics of these potteries include their rustic and solemn style, the warmth of their sheen and their ease of use, but their most distinctive feature can be said to be the deformations and color variations (“yohen”) taking place during firing. It’s these variations, that occur naturally and produce changes in the surface and in the color of the pottery, that make Bizen yaki natural works of art, no two of which are exactly the same.
How to make
We bake without Bizen Yaki not using glaze (we say we bake), and painting. Kiln is ascending kiln and period varies according to big things and small things of kiln, but continues burning firewood at high temperature of approximately 1,230 degrees using Akamatsu in fuel for around two weeks. Meanwhile, it is malformed china the surface of work catches high heat and action such as flame or ash in kiln, and to change.
Bizen yaki is baked without being glazed nor painted. Kilns used for baking are ascending kilns in which red pine is burnt to create a temperature of about 1230 degrees and though the exact period depends on the size of the kiln, wood will continue to be burnt for about two weeks before and after. The surface changes that will take place during that time in the pottery due to the combined effects of heat, flames and ash are the above mentioned “yohen” deformations.