Mikawachi YakiMikawachi Ware
It is beginning to have let ceramist whom ruler of land which participated in the Korea dispatch of troops by Hideyoshi Toyotomi of the end of 16th century brought back from Korea bake kiln.
It prospered as order kiln of Hirato feudal clan until the Meiji Restoration. In the times when Hirato feudal clan ran kiln, clay for chinaware is discovered in the Amakusa district, and skills and techniques develops drastically, and the tradition is still inherited.
The origins of Mikawachi Yaki date back to the building of a kiln by Korean potters that were brought back to this area of Kyushu by landowners who had taken part in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to the Korean Peninsular at the end of the 16th century.
The kiln here was used to fire porcelain for the Hirado clan up to the Meiji Restoration in 1868. As well as running the kiln, the Hirado clan was responsible for finding porcelain clay at nearby Amakusa and for the rapid development of skills and techniques, which are till alive today.
This ware is characterized by its over painting of cobalt on a white porcelain. Ever since the kiln was first fired, pieces were sent as tributes to both the court and warrior families and as a consequence, this china is of the highest quality, whether it be for everyday use or a special decorative item. The degree of care to produce items of such beauty and the delicacy of the work are part of its well established reputation. A great deal of tableware is being produced for use at some of Japan's finest restaurants. Items for use at the tea ceremony are also being made along with incense burner, sake flasks and vases.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Incense lamp, bottle and cup, vase, tea set, cooking tableware
|Main production area
||Nagasaki / Sasebo-shi
|The designation date
||February 6, 1978
■local production associations
Ceramics industry cooperative association in Mikawa
343, Mikawachihonmachi, Sasebo-shi, Nagasaki
Mikawachi Yaki Kyoto Museum of Traditional Industry
■Associated exhibit space, facility
It features dyed pattern that added pattern to white porcelain with blue of asbolite (does). We continued always making high-quality article from daily necessities to accessories since we opened kiln as there were many presentation products to the Imperial Court and family to inherit the shogunate. Product has a good reputation for precise elaborateness in delicate Yumi.
Mikawachi Yaki features gosu (cobalt blue) painting on a white porcelain. They are always created as luxury goods high quality enough to be conceded to the Emperor and the Shogun ever since the opening of the kiln. The products are reputed for its delicate elegance and sophistication.
How to make
After raw materials hitting hand potter's wheel, hand twist, model using clay for chinaware of the Amakusa district, and having molded in technique such as bag sinks, we sharpen and finish and do unglazing at approximately 900 degrees. We do painting by asbolite to basis material which performed bare roast and we put glaze (say bake) and we do this roast at 1,300 degrees and complete.
Pottery stones in Amakusa region are used for its raw material. They are biscuit-fired at around 900℃ after shaped through wheel throwing, hand-twisting, casting and other methods. The biscuit is baked again at 1,300℃ after painted by gosu and gloss is applied.