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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Mikawachi YakiMikawachi Ware

It is beginning to have let ceramist whom ruler of land which participated in the Korea dispatch of troops by Hideyoshi Toyotomi of the end of 16th century brought back from Korea bake kiln.
It prospered as order kiln of Hirato feudal clan until the Meiji Restoration. In the times when Hirato feudal clan ran kiln, clay for chinaware is discovered in the Amakusa district, and skills and techniques develops drastically, and the tradition is still inherited.

The origins of Mikawachi Yaki date back to the building of a kiln by Korean potters that were brought back to this area of Kyushu by landowners who had taken part in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to the Korean Peninsular at the end of the 16th century.
The kiln here was used to fire porcelain for the Hirado clan up to the Meiji Restoration in 1868. As well as running the kiln, the Hirado clan was responsible for finding porcelain clay at nearby Amakusa and for the rapid development of skills and techniques, which are till alive today.

This ware is characterized by its over painting of cobalt on a white porcelain. Ever since the kiln was first fired, pieces were sent as tributes to both the court and warrior families and as a consequence, this china is of the highest quality, whether it be for everyday use or a special decorative item. The degree of care to produce items of such beauty and the delicacy of the work are part of its well established reputation. A great deal of tableware is being produced for use at some of Japan's finest restaurants. Items for use at the tea ceremony are also being made along with incense burner, sake flasks and vases.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Molding drains bag which sharpen, and does forming finish and wet wiping finish of the whole surface of basis material so that defeat potter's wheel molding, kataonarikei, model, and molding, "hand twist molding" or basis material has property that is equal to case by these molding methods; thing by molding or "drain two folds molding."

    2
    When do design charge account of basis material, openwork, line carving, relief stick, and heap up, and itchin, "odorigana" take aspect, and knit; thing by hand or the texture.

    3
    When you do china-painting with underglaze color, line drawing, dami, tab stand, and depend or to scratch sumi soon, and to take. In this case, paint assumes "asbolite paint".

    4
    "Take ditch", and is about to carry away glaze hook; or is thing by brushing. In this case, glaze has with "hahasohaiuwagusuri" or "celadon porcelain glaze" "stone ash glaze".

    5
    When do overglazing, scratch line drawing, dami, brushing, and take; or is thing due to lacquer firewood. In this case, paint assumes "sum paint" or "gold and silver colored picture tool".

    Raw materials

    Yes, it be said that clay for chinaware to use for soil has materials which are equal to Amakusa clay for chinaware or this.

     

  • Work scenery

    Process 1: Rubble

    Clay for chinaware of Mikawachi Yaki uses Amakusa clay for chinaware of high quality gathered in Amakusa of Kumamoto. We beat uncut stone with crusher and make smaller in stampers. It becomes white powder when we continue arriving all day.

    Process 2: Deposition

    When we precipitate rough particle with water tank and we remove and squeeze with filter press, only powder of small clay for chinaware gathers, and it is clay. Finally we let air out of clay with vacuum drain machine. This is "potter's clay" to bake earthenware.

    Process 3: Molding (seikei)

     

    Caliber has technique such as "watermarks carving" "handbuilding" "pasting up", too.

     

    Video is played when we click image

     
     

    Video is played when we click image

     

    Process 4: Drying

    We sharpen the surface of container dried under the sun and finish and smooth off.

    Process 5: Unglazed

    We put container in the kiln and make bare roast. It becomes moderate hardness in 900 degrees, approximately eight hours and becomes easy to perform work with this picture in the back.

    Process 6: Sketch reckoning, body (dami)

    Using paint called asbolite (we do), we attach sketch. We add the light and shade to picture which performed line drawing in asbolite ("strong (dami)"). Asbolite looks blackish, but changes in beautiful cobalt blue when baked. Expertise shines here.

    Process 7: hodokoshiuwagusuri (seyuu)

    We wear glaze in caliber who ended ga with picture. We melt and become like glass when we bake glaze at high temperature, and it is film with beautiful luster and strength.

    Process 8: Fire (honshosei)

    We bake for 1,320 degrees, 20 hours. We spend time slowly and cool so that container is not broken when baked and are finally getting out kiln.

    Process 9: Dyed figure on cloth (uwae) reckoning

    After firing, we may acquire bright color such as red and yellow from container. After having soaked dyed figure on cloth, we say dyed figure on cloth burning and fix color by kiln of 750 degrees for seven hours.

     

     

  • Close-up

    Brightness of white porcelain, the blue light and shade

    Container drawn to thin white porcelain (lottery) with one color of blue is seen simply at a glance, but gives off delicate brightness when we take in hand. Mikawa prospers as Hirato feudal clan order kiln and in late years we brought tableware for business use to the mainstream, but explore the making of earthenware for standard home.

     

    Brightness of white porcelain

    Mikawa Uchiyama (mikawachiyama) near Sasebo of Kyushu, Saga. heiko*sagakama (hiradokoushogama) is on immediate this side of Tenman-gu Shrine. It is venerable pottery which gets one, Nakazato of ceramist who was greatly concerned with the foundation of Hirato feudal clan order kiln 400 years ago, and is, and was ordered Imperial Household Ministry purveyance for the government than Meiji with direct descendant of (gets Nakazato, and is Baba Korai = kouraiba) until 1941.
    It was in gallery which was next to studio, and white porcelain drawn by the blue light and shade was transparent for light on day and gave off beautiful brightness.
    Yumiko of Master of Traditional Crafts, Ichiro Nakazato and wife of the present head of a household is Master of Traditional Crafts together for the 17th generation. Ichiro is in charge of form of container and management of kiln, and Yumiko undertakes for o move with picture. Yumiko smiled while putting strong (we paint by the light and shade of dami = blue) in asbolite (paint dyeing gosu = blue color) saying it was saying "it is not completed when we did not do in two couples".

    Master of Traditional Crafts, Ichiro Nakazato is first class certified technician of national test of drugs.

    From history - order kiln of Mikawachi Yaki to people kiln, it is ... from duties use to general household use

    There is Mikawachi Yaki before history of turbulence, and it may be said that we added to brightness. There is that one, oseki (we go and come) of Rhee Dynasty ceramist whom Hirato feudal lord Shigenobu Matsuura (Shigenobu) brought back with Korean position of Hideyoshi Toyotomi for 26 generations put kiln in the ground in comfortable Mikawa to clay for chinaware in Sarayama in Mikawa where port of Nagasaki, Hirato who prospered as Western trade port in the Middle Ages is near by opening. Development of export earthenware which we pointed to the Netherlands and Chugoku became popular at the same time that making earthenware place for feudal clan was opened and developed as order kiln grandly.
    When Tokugawa shogunate government fell in 1868 (Keicho 4), Mikawa that was order kiln turned in people kiln. However, we could not compete with Arida and Imari of neighborhood that had the management results as people kiln early and were on the verge of the life and death. There was worth such as market expansion or the foundation of design training place and regained, and production of tableware used in restaurants for business use became mainstream and in late years came to add pressure for tableware production for standard home afterwards.

    Representative turnip picture (we get turnip and others) of heiko*sagakama. We come from place where Hirato feudal lord, Prince Takanobu Matsuura encouraged the making of turnip in hope of descendant prosperity

    We assume tradition of Mikawachi Yaki

    We deal with heiko*sagakama from high-quality article to tableware for day widely. We lay emphasis on nursing care tableware recently. We add nursing care tableware which Mr. and Mrs. Nakazato make to beauty and warmth of white porcelain peculiar to Mikawachi Yaki, and invention is concentrated in easiness of durability and is reputation when it is easy to use.
    Because the birthplace was pottery, Ichiro was brought up while looking at kiln since childhood. We were made to do help to step on kama* kiya soil if we became junior high student. Saying "is like being brought up with kiln"; Ichiro.
    It is not averageness that even potter lasting 400 years carries signboard of pottery in Mikawa on the back as industry. We work together in competition while keeping on following tradition that we inherited from ancestors to bring about new thing to buy in the times. We always produce new things so that it is not got tired of consumers if one form is completed. It seems to be the repetition. Ichiro says, it is every day of search earnestly until it comes to be said that it is, "this is good".

    Sketch reckoning. Nursing care mug cup which Ichiro devised to be easy to grasp handle

    Successor who carries the new times

    It was chosen as intern of young industrial artist foreign territory dispatch, and the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Nakazato, sun (taiyo) learned dyed pattern and cooking to show the beautiful colors of the ingredients last year in earthenware production center derufuto of the Netherlands best in half a year from October, 2000 to February, 2001. Saying "was able to spend very good time from now on when oneself got along"; Taiyo. We were endowed at opportunity to experience 2-week practical production in royal ceramics place royal porcelain furesu company in Netherlands. Craftsman of Traditional Craft needs time that is long to become full-fledged. Taiyo who talked about ambition was reliable at all, and it was felt, "we want to find thing like oneself few to father while valuing traditional dyed pattern painting in Mikawa".

    Taiyo who is receiving training in Netherlands derufuto

    Please come to memory of marriage!

    We have begun to make order earthenware to answer hope of each visitor more in heiko*sagakama. We create picture and pattern to hear preference of visitor. There is thing that 1 grade is better than commercially available tableware at the same price even if we usually prepare Japanese dishes of errand generally if we have potter order directly without wholesale dealer. Set of small dish which Yumiko of wife referred painting to seemed to be very popular as present of wedding ceremony of daughter. In the range of "price hoped for, only one can make Japanese dishes set which there is not in the world. Saying please consult about one that wants to prepare dining table by all means; Ichiro.
    Master of Traditional Crafts is picture ohodokosu belonging to, container only for oneself. It is wonderful that newly-married dining table is colored by brightness of white porcelain! In the present times to spend money on thing which oneself liked, a slightly deluxe such ways of enjoying may increase.

    heiko*sagakama
    〒859-3155 889, Mikawachicho, Sasebo-shi, Nagasaki
    TEL 0956-30-8606FAX 0956-30-8632
    E-MAIL:hirado_kohsyo@pop01.odn.ne.jp
    (business hours from 8:30 to 16:30, regular holiday: on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays)

    Gleanings

    Presentation product of Chinese hairdo, Hirato feudal clan order kiln

    Child of lovely Chugoku chases butterfly with Ougi, and Chinese hairdo (come) design that is motif of Mikawachi Yaki describes state playing near pine and Botan. It was said with "coup de grace roast" that it was not allowed to bake Chinese hairdo picture in others in order kiln, Mikawa of Hirato feudal clan. By the number of drawn boys clad in old Chinese garments, seven Chinese hairdos were given to countries daimyo as "presentation product", and, as for five Chinese hairdos, official business product of feudal clan, three Chinese hairdos were distinguished from public product, and general public were not allowed to use to Meiji.
    Beauty of the thin white porcelain did not remain in the country and enlarged market abroad. In the Age of Geographical Discovery of the 17th century, thin coffee cups were exported for the Netherlands and Chugoku from port of Hirado that prospered in Western trade, and we were loved by lord nobles.

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Mikawachi Yaki
Phonetic symbol mikawachiyaki
Classification of industrial art object Ceramics
Main product Incense lamp, bottle and cup, vase, tea set, cooking tableware
Main production area Nagasaki / Sasebo-shi
The designation date February 6, 1978

Contact information

■local production associations

Ceramics industry cooperative association in Mikawa
〒859-3151
343, Mikawachihonmachi, Sasebo-shi, Nagasaki
Mikawachi Yaki Kyoto Museum of Traditional Industry
TEL: 0956-30-8311
FAX: 0956-30-8312

http://www.mikawachi-utsuwa.net/

■We visit production center from foreign countries
Image
Mikawachi Yaki - production center visit article

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

It features dyed pattern that added pattern to white porcelain with blue of asbolite (does). We continued always making high-quality article from daily necessities to accessories since we opened kiln as there were many presentation products to the Imperial Court and family to inherit the shogunate. Product has a good reputation for precise elaborateness in delicate Yumi.

Mikawachi Yaki features gosu (cobalt blue) painting on a white porcelain. They are always created as luxury goods high quality enough to be conceded to the Emperor and the Shogun ever since the opening of the kiln. The products are reputed for its delicate elegance and sophistication.

How to make

After raw materials hitting hand potter's wheel, hand twist, model using clay for chinaware of the Amakusa district, and having molded in technique such as bag sinks, we sharpen and finish and do unglazing at approximately 900 degrees. We do painting by asbolite to basis material which performed bare roast and we put glaze (say bake) and we do this roast at 1,300 degrees and complete.

Pottery stones in Amakusa region are used for its raw material. They are biscuit-fired at around 900℃ after shaped through wheel throwing, hand-twisting, casting and other methods. The biscuit is baked again at 1,300℃ after painted by gosu and gloss is applied.