Satsuma YakiSatsuma Ware
Satsuma Yaki was begun in the days of position of Bunroku, the Keicho era by ceramists of the Rhee Dynasty which feudal lord Shimazu at the time brought back from Korea.
Thereafter we are brought up, and polish original development by effort not to have flabby ceramists and we bring about system of different style called kenyakei, dragon Moji system, bed for rice seedlings river system and, during long history for more than 400 years, tell climate where Kagoshima is rich in Satsuma Yaki in now. In 1867 (Keio 3), Satsuma Yaki attracts European people in Paris World Exposition that Shimazu feudal clan exhibited alone; in the world of "SATSUMA" became known.
Pottery exists throughout the prefecture and produces works which concentrated various technique now.
The origins of Satsuma Yaki date back to the 16th century. The local feudal lord, Shimazu, returned from the Korean peninsular with some potters who helped to get things started.
The wonderful surroundings of Kagoashima have contributed greatly to the development of this ware during its long history spanning some 400 years. During this time, the tireless enthusiasm of the local potters has resulted in a number of original developments, which have given rise to a number of individual styles that are still in production today. In 1867, the Shimazu clan independently entered some pieces of Satsuma Yaki in the Great Exhibition in Paris. People in Europe were enchanted and soon the name of Satsuma became known throughout the world.
Today kilns producing work embodying a great variety of techniques can be found all over the prefecture.
One of the features of this ware is the great variety of different types of pottery, which are being produced. There are, for example, six individual wares of a traditional lineage, namely Katano, Ryumonji, Naeshirogawa, Nishi-mochida, Hirasa, and Tanegashima. In addition, white Satsuma Yaki, black Satsuma ware and pieces of porcelain make up the three main groups of products being made in the area.
With a faint yellow ground, white Satsuma Yaki is a plain glazed pottery, which is covered all over with fine crazing. Colors, enamels and gold-work are then applied.
Black Satsuma, on the other hand, is a colored pottery done with black, dark brown or amber glazes and has a darkish brown base color because of the iron-rich clay, which is used.
The range of products is, of course, vast and includes all kinds of tableware, vases, decorative items and then special tea ceremony items and drinking sets.
|Industrial art object name
||We burn Satsuma
|Classification of industrial art object
||Tableware, tea set, vase, bottle and cup, accessories
|Main production area
||Kagoshima / Kagoshima-shi, Ibusuki-shi, Hioki-shi, Kajikicho, Aira-gun others
|The designation date
||January 30, 2002
■local production associations
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Characteristic of Satsuma Yaki is variety of kind of ceramic ware. As school based on tradition, there are six of kenyakei, dragon Moji system, bed for rice seedlings river system, west Mochida system, Hirasa system, Tanegashima system. In addition, we can greatly divide into white Satsuma, black Satsuma, three of porcelain when we classify from product. In white Satsuma, small crack called crackle covers the surface with earthenware which colorless glaze hung over in the light yellow ground. We make dyed pattern and picture, gold Aya onadode decoration on this. Because we use potter's clay that there is much iron content with earthenware which black Satsuma hangs various color glazes including black glaze, katsuuwagusuri, candy glaze and finished, the container womb does dark brown.
Satsuma ware has a variety of products. There are six historical line of brands of Satsuma ware: Tateno, Ryumonji, Inawashirogawa, Nishimochida, Hirasa and Tanegashima. They are roughly separated into white wares, black wares and porcelains. Shiro Satsuma (white ware) has pale yellow coloring with a transparent glaze. Its surface is covered with small cracks. It may be dyed, enameled or decorated with gold leaf. Kuro Satsuma (black ware) is made by using combinations of black or brown colored glaze. The body itself is dark brown since the clay contains iron.
How to make
White Satsuma combines several kinds of soil and makes potter's clay. Soil taste such as interval of white Satsuma unique porcelain and earthenware is born from this potter's clay. When we mix soil of raw materials and dissolve in water, we collect deposition and repeat work called "elutriation" (suihi) to be dried, and to take soil many times and make delicate potter's clay. We mold made potter's clay in technique such as potter's wheels and it is unglazed and we do this roast, overglazing after hodokoshiuwagusuri and complete in this way. Black Satsuma combines several kinds of soil and makes potter's clay, but uses soil sample which is different from white Satsuma. In addition, in unusual black Satsuma, we do elutriation many times like white Satsuma and may not mix soil with simple soil taste.
Shiro Satsuma is created from blended soil. This makes its unique color which makes it appear like a crossbreed of porcelain and pottery. A fine clay is created by elutriation, which is the repeats a cycle of mixing the clay with water, collecting the precipitate, drying them and mixing them with water again. The clay is molded by wheel throwing and other methods. The clay is biscuit fired, glazed and baked and then finished with painting. Kuro Satsuma uses different combination of soil from Shiro Satsuma. A clay is not elutriated when creating Kuro Satsuma, which gives them more rustic touch of the soil.