DENSAN Search
TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Joboji NuriJoboji Lacquer Ware

There was the name called Joboji Nuri from the Jobouji whole families who ruled over North Iwate in the Middle Ages, and becomes the place name.
When the line basis built sky stand temple on this ground according to the legend of land in the Nara era, priest is sent by the center, and it is said that we brought in technique of the making of Laquer Ware because they make container for oneself.
Spread, and, in the Edo era, production center came to be known to Joboji Nuri for the name of "Imperial mausoleum dish" (female-impersonator comes) as important product of southern part feudal clan which ruled this district from around sky stand temple to the neighborhood of Yasuyo town equal to current neighbor town. It becomes the basics of current production center.

Joboji Nuri takes its name from the Joboji family which ruled the northern part of Iwate Prefecture during the middle ages, and it is also the name of the area.
According to local legend, monks were dispatched there from the head temple, when a famous high priest called Gyoki built Tendaiji temple in the area during the Nara period (710-794). Lacquer ware techniques were apparently introduced at the time, so that the monks would be able to make their own tableware.
A product important to the ruling Nambu clan during the Edo period (1600-1868), the making of Joboji-Nuri spread from around Tendaiji temple to the adjoining area now known as Ajiro-cho and became known as Oyama-goki ware. This larger area became the foundation of the present production.

Items of lacquer ware which have been used since ancient times such as soup bowls, rice bowls and lipped bowls are still being made. Some of the traditional bowls are patterned but most of them are finished in plain vermilion, black or a clear lacquer to show off the wood and have a sophisticated mat finish. But perhaps the biggest feature of Joboji ware is its everlasting sense of quality stemming from a use of quality materials. Bowls for soup or rice, trays, flower vases are the main products today.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Groundwork structure is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When you look good with "*jishitaji", you apply purified lacquer, and do "powder hardening" using purified lacquer after *fu figure with base powder or charcoal powder.

     
    (2)
    When you look good with "the lacquer basement ground", repeat that you do water grind when you apply purified lacquer.

    2
    tourushi is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Do "priming" and "average coat".

     
    (2)
    Perform final coating of lacquer of "final coating" with haroiro coat again.

    3
    When do decoration, "lacquer block," is thing with "powder lacquer work" or "southern foil picture".

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

    2
    Bare wood is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When it is in turnery, do with material having materials which are equal to zelkova, hoo, tochi, beech or these.

     
    (2)
    When it is in armor-back held-flag, do with material having materials which are equal to zelkova, hoo, hiba or these.

     

  • Work scenery

    Lacquer which production center, urushiol content, the speed to scratch, and to dry by how to get, refinement method is various, and shows various expressions. It is reason (reason) to be said to be "valid paint". The world of coating craftsman is severe so as to be said to be "no (spatula) reckoning eight years, polishing three years". It seems to lead to it being full of courses of coating to commune with live paint.

    Process 1: Turnery processing

    Raw wood used for Joboji Nuri is tochi zelkova mizume mulberry now. It is easy to process, but on the other hand wood is easy to be affected by humidity, and the shrinkage and curve, breaking occur at stage of drying. Therefore growth of tree stops and performs felling of raw wood at well tight time.

    Process 2: Ball limit

    We do ball limit to diameter of thing to saw.

    Process 3: Dimensions definite decision, large break, piece of wood

    We decide kind of Laquer Ware to make on seeing grain of wood and we break to near size to the dimensions very much and perform work of piece of wood. Timber conversion of this time has to take materials without waste and is work to need carefulness.

    Process 4: areban

    areban does bare wood which falls below the small, and was done with potter's wheel on live tree and does in wild model. As measures of the shrinkage and breaking in drying, we reduce 10-20 millimeters than finish dimensions into thick pieces then. And we lay more for several months.

    Process 5: Artificial drying, natural drying

    Wild model boiled prior to drying in the past to reduce moisture and resin included in wood and dried using smoking. Using warm air dryer and dehumidification dryer, we cut down on hydrous rate now in 7-8% for 2-3 weeks. We expose wild model that finished artificial drying to fresh air until it becomes hydrous rate of atmospheric moisture and homogeneity and hang return (natural drying).

    Process 6: chuban, shijoban

    We sharpen in 5-10 millimeters of thicker one than finished product and take distortion of materials and finish chuban which we left for 2-3 days.

    Process 7: Groundwork processing

    At stage before groundwork processing, we examine bare wood adjustment, wound and polish bare wood with oshi, sandpaper well. We fully perform brush coating of unrefined varnish in this and take bare wood hardening.
    *jishitaji
    We are used to sow base powder (powder to burn diatomaceous earth, and to make) from the top that applied lacquer and harden with lacquer more. Waterproofness increases by letting you fully paint and soak and prevents expansion and contraction of bare wood.
    The lacquer basement ground
    We paint only with lacquer many times and repeat.
    We perform many processes including filler, abrasion, powder firewood, powder hardening, makeup rust, rust prevention.

    Process 8: tourushi

    We begin with lacquer adjustment, and, after processes such as priming, makeup rust, abrasion, average coat, final coating, final coating of lacquer processing is completed.

     
     
     

     

  • Close-up

    If we use by living, Joboji Nuri of business beautiful 1 yuan shines

    Once of "Jobouji as for Zappa thing of Wajima as for the good thing" asked, and seemed to have been broken. However, this is not word that expressed quality and dignity. We express what is made assuming Joboji Nuri being used in everyday living, that it penetrated among general public like that. If we manage, this Laquer Ware which there is plain, graceful taste lives.

     

    Manufacturing is difficult as simple thing

    Bowl, one side of the story, tray, small dish which wore vermilion of calm texture, solid black. The touch is fluent and is familiar to comply with way with moisture. Plain thing which is hardly put decoration for is the truth height of Jobouji (joboji) coat. Laquer Ware not to be for, and to use by daily livings on special day including event and visitor. It is very plain, but there are article and warmth to be excellent in sign handed down from thing.
    "Simple thing is serious. Saying is because deception does not work; Takashi Iwadate (rock Takashi for show) of lacquerer. We thought so in emergency when we resembled knitted goods. Because, in fact, matching condition of eyes is seen clearly than we knit design and colored pattern, sweater of stockinet to look alright is rather difficult for side to make. There may be thing abreast of it by any chance.

    Mind of refreshing coolness is Takashi Iwadate (rock Takashi for show) in lacquered forest where there is. It is said that we love lacquered smell.

    Jobouji-cho that was valid with lacquer

    Northwest edge of Iwate, Jobouji-cho bordering Kazuno, Akita (kazuno) city are famous long ago as production center of high quality unrefined varnish. We controlled lacquer market price and produce domestic lacquered approximately 60% even now before the war. The place name and surname to name lacquer everywhere including Urushibata, lacquer field, Urushihara, Urushizawa in the town block are seen and leave trace of the lacquer market age.
    Where was the world of manufacturing forced to the decline by domestic lacquer by rise of cheap middle domestic production lacquer after the war just like? Here Jobouji-cho was no exception, too. But, tapping lacquer craftsmen ("gleanings" reference) continued taking sap out of lacquered tree patiently although numbers decreased. Production of Laquer Ware came to be performed again after coating entered in the 50, Showa generation although we did being cut off at one time.

    We display, and work of Iwadate is sold to lacquered palace "drop life building" (cf. related facility).

    Be led to sweet-smelling lacquered smell

    It is Iwadates to have submitted dream to the revival. Tapping lacquer craftsman that Shoji of father is more than this way 60 years in. Takashi of son got steel and steel frame-related work after the graduation once and stayed away from both home town and lacquer during approximately four years. However, it is hard to throw away thought "not to want to prevent work about lacquer from being father lifetime." and makes a U-turn in country of birth. We entered way of lacquering.
    "That lacquered smell that was included in work clothes when father came home in a childhood from mountain. It is still memory shimasuyo --. It is very sweet-smelling is visit to say."
    At the time concerned with iron, we liked smell of welding. Takashi might find own favorite way, way which he should go ahead through so that he was led to smell. We look back, and it is said that it was not useless at all to have done work according to four years now.
    "We think that field of vision was enlarged. Though craftsman spirit has words, we must think about no use, selling only by merely making from now on."
    It is cause of worry that successor is not brought up anywhere in the same way in here Jobouji either. It is said that it has outside the prefecture, sometimes overseas people than hometown to come to learn technique.
    Laquer Ware goes in the name of "Japan" abroad. Being valuable technique that it is lacquer culture that Japan is proud of to the world, big production center of the raw materials, and painting is uninterrupted, and tapping lacquer reaches, and being property. Takashi wishes that he wants local young people to understand it above all eagerly.

    Iwadate product, jujube (jujube) and tea ladle (chashaku).

    Laquer Ware becomes finished product only after using

    Enter this way, and is this year; the 25th year. Still "still more as for the lacquered adjustment. Takashi smiles wryly saying color of labelling such as this does not appear.
    By "weather and humidity on the day, complexion changes. Cutaneous sensation own than number of hygrometer means a lot"
    Joboji Nuri gradually nears finish while breathing in tapping lacquer craftsman, bare wood craftsman, tool craftsman, warmth of many people of the hand. But, it is said that there is not by completion if we finish painting.
    "Work of craftsman is the 8-9 allotment. It may be said that Laquer Ware is finished product if we have customer spend."
    We tossed, and, at moment, thing, soup was piled stewed foods, and scene of dining table that Laquer Ware given palm nifuuwari of whole family and the warm steam did sinew and went up floated in the mind vividly.

    • Iwadate product, arrival at cloth bowl.

    • Lacquered fruit. We are entertained with coffee that roasting made this in studio of Iwadate. It was very easy taste.

    Craftsman profile

    Takashi Iwadate (rock Takashi for show)

    It was born in 1954. With Shoji (occur) of father, we make an effort for revival of Joboji Nuri. In 2000, we win the second Minister of International Trade and Industry Prize. When "Jobouji was visited, living national treasure of lacquer art was impressed when it was good to be on this ground"

    Gleanings

    Et cetera concerning lacquer

     

    • Tapping lacquer paraphernalia. Scratch from the left, and rake spatula (two), leatherfish sickle; sickle (two). urushi* which it was the bark of Japanese linden that there was behind and made.

     

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Joboji Nuri
Phonetic symbol jobojinuri
Classification of industrial art object Laquer Ware
Main product Bowl, plate, tray, tea set, vase
Main production area Iwate / Morioka-shi, Ninohe-shi, Hachimantai-shi, Takizawa-mura, Iwate-gun
The designation date May 22, 1985

Contact information

■local production associations

Iwate Laquer Ware cooperative association
〒020-0124
1-18-13, Kuriyagawa, Morioka-shi, Iwate
Company is wet, and industrial arts is inner
TEL: 019-641-1725
FAX: 019-641-9133

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Soup bowl, rice bowl, one side of the story makes Laquer Ware used in living from old days. There is thing with decoration to bowl which is informed from old days, too, but of this vermilion, black, ryushoku (save, and be) where is plain most was unicolor, and controlled luster; finish. It is nation's largest lacquer production place, and feel of a material wearing well using high quality raw materials is the biggest characteristic.

Joboji nuri has long been used for items used in everyday life, such as soup bowls, rice bowls, and lipped pouring bowls. While some traditional bowls have decorations, most are unmarked, and feature a monochrome vermillion, black or brown finish that suppresses excess gloss. The Joboji region in Iwate prefecture is the largest producer of lacquerware in Japan, and boasts wares made of the best raw materials, producing finished products of such quality that they never lose their charm.

How to make

We make bare wood using tree of tochi mizumezakura zelkovas. We let unrefined varnish soak into bare wood which we dried and do bare wood hardening. We take coating to smooth off the surface of bare wood in this and it is water and paints the top with thing which we mixed dust (saw) and unrefined varnish which we worked out with and polishes until the surface gets smooth and makes the groundwork. We paint with lacquer of finish so that there are not trace and dust of brush there and we polish the surface which we painted with lacquer of "final coating of lacquer" (we paint with flower) to just dry or finish more and put "roiro coat" and complete.

Wood from trees including the horse chestnut tree, mizume cherry tree and zelkova are used as the wooden base. After the wood is dried, raw lacquer is rubbed into the wood in order to harden it. Next, a base coat of lacquer is applied to smooth the surface. Then a mixture of grindstone powder, water and raw lacquer is applied and then ground to a smooth finish, thus completing the base coat. A top coat of lacquer is then applied with great diligence to ensure no brush marks or traces of dust stick to the bowl. The finishing coat of lacquer is applied in one of two styles: Hana (flower) lacquering, where the lacquer is allowed to dry as-is on the bowl, or Roiro lacquering, where the lacquer is polished to a smooth finish after it dries.

Voice from production center

Under recent house circumstances, please be careful about drying of Laquer Ware in particular. You wipe with tender cloth if you remove dirts with tepid water, and please keep in properly wet place where Nikko does not hit directly. Luster and hue are strongly settled down when we usually use Laquer Ware as well as special day.