Joboji NuriJoboji Lacquer Ware
There was the name called Joboji Nuri from the Jobouji whole families who ruled over North Iwate in the Middle Ages, and becomes the place name.
When the line basis built sky stand temple on this ground according to the legend of land in the Nara era, priest is sent by the center, and it is said that we brought in technique of the making of Laquer Ware because they make container for oneself.
Spread, and, in the Edo era, production center came to be known to Joboji Nuri for the name of "Imperial mausoleum dish" (female-impersonator comes) as important product of southern part feudal clan which ruled this district from around sky stand temple to the neighborhood of Yasuyo town equal to current neighbor town. It becomes the basics of current production center.
Joboji Nuri takes its name from the Joboji family which ruled the northern part of Iwate Prefecture during the middle ages, and it is also the name of the area.
According to local legend, monks were dispatched there from the head temple, when a famous high priest called Gyoki built Tendaiji temple in the area during the Nara period (710-794). Lacquer ware techniques were apparently introduced at the time, so that the monks would be able to make their own tableware.
A product important to the ruling Nambu clan during the Edo period (1600-1868), the making of Joboji-Nuri spread from around Tendaiji temple to the adjoining area now known as Ajiro-cho and became known as Oyama-goki ware. This larger area became the foundation of the present production.
Items of lacquer ware which have been used since ancient times such as soup bowls, rice bowls and lipped bowls are still being made. Some of the traditional bowls are patterned but most of them are finished in plain vermilion, black or a clear lacquer to show off the wood and have a sophisticated mat finish. But perhaps the biggest feature of Joboji ware is its everlasting sense of quality stemming from a use of quality materials. Bowls for soup or rice, trays, flower vases are the main products today.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Bowl, plate, tray, tea set, vase
|Main production area
||Iwate / Morioka-shi, Ninohe-shi, Hachimantai-shi, Takizawa-mura, Iwate-gun
|The designation date
||May 22, 1985
■local production associations
Iwate Laquer Ware cooperative association
1-18-13, Kuriyagawa, Morioka-shi, Iwate
Company is wet, and industrial arts is inner
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Soup bowl, rice bowl, one side of the story makes Laquer Ware used in living from old days. There is thing with decoration to bowl which is informed from old days, too, but of this vermilion, black, ryushoku (save, and be) where is plain most was unicolor, and controlled luster; finish. It is nation's largest lacquer production place, and feel of a material wearing well using high quality raw materials is the biggest characteristic.
Joboji nuri has long been used for items used in everyday life, such as soup bowls, rice bowls, and lipped pouring bowls. While some traditional bowls have decorations, most are unmarked, and feature a monochrome vermillion, black or brown finish that suppresses excess gloss. The Joboji region in Iwate prefecture is the largest producer of lacquerware in Japan, and boasts wares made of the best raw materials, producing finished products of such quality that they never lose their charm.
How to make
We make bare wood using tree of tochi mizumezakura zelkovas. We let unrefined varnish soak into bare wood which we dried and do bare wood hardening. We take coating to smooth off the surface of bare wood in this and it is water and paints the top with thing which we mixed dust (saw) and unrefined varnish which we worked out with and polishes until the surface gets smooth and makes the groundwork. We paint with lacquer of finish so that there are not trace and dust of brush there and we polish the surface which we painted with lacquer of "final coating of lacquer" (we paint with flower) to just dry or finish more and put "roiro coat" and complete.
Wood from trees including the horse chestnut tree, mizume cherry tree and zelkova are used as the wooden base. After the wood is dried, raw lacquer is rubbed into the wood in order to harden it. Next, a base coat of lacquer is applied to smooth the surface. Then a mixture of grindstone powder, water and raw lacquer is applied and then ground to a smooth finish, thus completing the base coat. A top coat of lacquer is then applied with great diligence to ensure no brush marks or traces of dust stick to the bowl. The finishing coat of lacquer is applied in one of two styles: Hana (flower) lacquering, where the lacquer is allowed to dry as-is on the bowl, or Roiro lacquering, where the lacquer is polished to a smooth finish after it dries.
Voice from production center
Under recent house circumstances, please be careful about drying of Laquer Ware in particular. You wipe with tender cloth if you remove dirts with tepid water, and please keep in properly wet place where Nikko does not hit directly. Luster and hue are strongly settled down when we usually use Laquer Ware as well as special day.