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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Naruko ShikkiNaruko Lacquer Ware

Early in the Edo era, feudal lord who ruled over area equal to current Narukocho, Miyagi sends local Laquer Ware craftsman and lacquer work craftsman out for ascetic practices in Kyoto and is called that we planned promotion of Naruko Shikki.
Lacquer ware, chopsticks, toothpick are written in book of the late 18th century as product and understand that Laquer Ware was staple product of clapper.

At the beginning of the 17th century, the lord of the fief in the area where Naruko is situated, dispatched lacquerers and maki-e craftsmen to Kyoto to develop their skills, in an attempt to raise the popularity of the local product. According to a late 18th century document various household items were being produced and by then the production of lacquer ware was the main employment for the people of Naruko.

For kijiro-nuri, a clear lacquer is used to expose the grain of the wood carcass, while in another technique the natural lacquer is rubbed into the wood a number of times, and the natural coloring of the lacquer is then retained. For ryumon-nuri a highly distinctive technique is used to produce a marbling effect. Besides these, a more traditional technique of polished lacquer is employed to bring out the characteristic limpid beauty of this refined sap. Today, a variety of household items are being made, including trays, coasters, stacking boxes and bowls, all gems of this time honored craft.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Bare wood structure is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When it is in turnery, you use potter's wheel stand and birokurogannao, and mold.

     
    (2)
    When you look good with "corner thing", "we saw and bend" "looks at ryukumi" or do "tenon composing type".

     
    (3)
    When you encounter bending, do "bending" using "the time".

    2
    Groundwork structure is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When is in mokujiryoto, thing by "the Urushimoto groundwork" or "the astringent juice groundwork."

     
    (2)
    When "is black" or, "is painted in red" "ryuto," look good with "cluster of clouds coat";, "the Urushimoto groundwork," is thing by "*jishitaji" or "the astringent juice groundwork" "the rust groundwork".

    3
    After tourushi did average coat, thing by "final coating of lacquer" or "roiro coat."

    4
    When do decoration, thing by lacquer work.

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

    2
    Assume bare wood material having materials which are equal to zelkova, tochi, beech, hoo, wig, cedar, hinoki or these.

     

  • Work scenery

    mokujiryoto ridesu where Laquer Ware of clapper draws beauty of grain of wood to the maximum mainly. We adhere to life that centered on bowl, tray, and a lot of Laquer Ware is made. The making of Laquer Ware becomes woodworker from division of labor with lacquerer. We paint bare wood with lacquer carefully this time and introduce process of "coating" finishing Laquer Ware.

    Process 1: Be rusted

    We paint to flatten the surface of bare wood to bury rust in part of dent of irregularities of grain of wood. This rust kneads a mixture of water, lacquer with tokorefun and makes. We dry if we paint generally and do lacquering again. It takes approximately one day with bowl just to dry, but repeats these three times of work.

    Process 2: The laboratory of rust

    After having done lacquering many times, we dry rust urushi enough and we polish water and do. Skin of bare wood becomes still smaller by polishing rust which part of convex has. This with detail controls lacquered seaweed condition.

     

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 3: Average coat

     
     

    Process 4: The laboratory of average

    We dry bowl which did average coat not to make any irregularity while turning in rotary bath. After having dried well, we polish in the same way as polishing the dried lacquered surface. If years pass, the finish of Laquer Ware depends, and it is different in lacquered translucency again whether you repeated several times of work of the laboratory of this chuto, average.

    Process 5: Final coating

    We paint with thing which mixed color with lacquer when we acquire color before final coating. Work contents of final coating are the same as average coat, but use small lacquer of eyes more. In addition, we remove dust with thin sticks carefully and dry.

     

    Video is played when we click image

     

  • Close-up

    Minute cloth with splashed pattern Woven textiles by unique dyeing with wooden plates dyeing

    As for the lacquer, translucency was, and Naruko Shikki which beauty of grain of wood lived for has been made mainly on daily necessities such as bowl, chopsticks, the Buddhist Festival of the Dead as we repeated time to spend.

     

    Choose thing to use for hand every day

    Laquer Ware of daily necessities such as bowl, chopsticks, the Buddhist Festival of the Dead is made with clapper as the center. "Please do not touch by hand." Though this was written well, lacquerer of Naruko Shikki, Tsuneo Goto (we beat) said with power when it was thing to use every day saying we want to take, and to check weight and durability feeling and to choose me as right or wrong hand. We make use of gentle grain of wood, and of course appearance is beautiful Naruko Shikki, but the skill not to know is clogged up a lot only by having seen.

    Jujube (jujube) to pour, for example, tea caddy and Matcha into. When these remain a bare wood, cover becomes vacant easily with suka when we lift part of cover. We regulate so that lacquerer puts lacquer from the state many times and paints, and cover closes in moderate condition straight. When tea leaves and Matcha put moisture away even if cover is too loose and opened cover in the case of jujube (jujube) in particular if strong-minded, Matcha dances. This lacquered coating condition varies according to lacquered state, temperature and humidity when we paint by bare wood again. We regulate and put lacquer in conformity to bare wood each time. It is right the skill of craftsman cultivated in many years.
    In addition, chopsticks and bowl to hold in hand, and to use are particularly different in form, weight to be correct to each one. "We want you to use with a choice of thing which matched oneself carefully. Therefore we want to pick up and to see. We understand the good point if we do so. Hey, Goto handed me bowl finished with full of confidence saying we will not pull hand e, and table and jidakekireini coat showed even the backside. Heaviness not to know warmed up only by appearance from the bowl which we had in our hand and presence reached above all I see.

    When this beautiful technique thinks of old thing for several hundred years, we are very somewhat proud

    Pride follows tradition and tells

    It is informed by Laquer Ware of clapper maridato at the beginning we give mansion, and to have given an order for work of the making of Laquer Ware so that war is over, and Prince Date feudal lord Masamune will cut now off common soldier who lost work approximately 350 years ago. Because high quality tree becoming bare wood (district with many Laquer Ware craftsmen is called "mansion = Arayashiki that gave newly" in Narukocho.) was abundant, Laquer Ware is mass-produced, in this area in a moment; became industrial. If anything, Laquer Ware of clapper would be thing with friendly feeling to melt into in life of more people rather than thing which had elaborate decoration to give to lord from that time. The mokujiryoto riga first where simple warmth is felt still includes Laquer Ware of clapper.
    However, because we continue making the same thing all the time, technique increases, and value, charm do not increase.
    Goto knows technique of coating more than 50 kinds, but seems to be one of mokujiryoto riga first enthusiast that beauty of grain of wood lives for. Even so, mokujiryoto ri is not straight and continues challenging various technique every day. We go to see work of other craftsmen positively to polish the sense and watch book and painting, and it is worked hard to open your field of vision when we say to library. As for the Laquer Ware which such Goto makes, many senses of fun are seen in thing except mokujiryoto ri everywhere, and sense shines.

    Craftsman who had pride and confidence for work of craftsmen protects Naruko Shikki, and Naruko Shikki which simple warmth not to change from old days lives for beautifully may convey beauty, splendor through the making of Laquer Ware

    Laquer Ware of mysterious color such as earthenware. Goto learned this technique from teacher. However, there is not person inheriting this skill yet

    Craftsman profile

    Tsuneo Goto (we beat)

    It was born in 1946. We learn technique of thing coating more than 50 kinds commencing with ascetic practices of lacquerer since 15 years old. "We like mokujiryoto riga most in that."

    Gleanings

    Naruko Shikki lacquering tool

    1.Why will brush applying lacquer be made?

    Answer…Hair of Japanese woman. We send hair which friend gave to to brush craftsman of Tokyo, and brush of Goto seems to have you make brush with the hair. There must be tool to paint with the lacquer with strong thing when we touch so that most people get a rash as lacquer is strong. When we built Osaka-jo Castle, we are said to have carried stone by rope which we knit Japanese hair into. Such human hair is strong. When the making of Laquer Ware began, do not lose to lacquer; is strong; when came to hair-formed, after all would be easy to get hair of person most.

    2.What will this be tool to use in?

    Answer…Laquer Ware which is finished painting beautifully even if we take where. It is tool which we devised to paint with the every corner evenly beautifully.
    We fix bowl when we use this tool and can paint with the side I see. In addition, we paint with part of bottom to attach stick to bottom, and not to leave mark of hand.

    Do you know dishes called furofuki daikon? We hung daikon for hours and cooked softly. This dish, fruit have deep relation to Laquer Ware.
    We are not merely drying to dry lacquer which we painted bare wood with, and lacquer does not dry if there is not humidity. Therefore we display Laquer Ware in place called bath keeping humidity and put.
    This box to dry is called bath, but, in fact, workshop of lacquerer is called "bath", too.
    We displayed Laquer Ware and would dry with the workshop in old days. We warm room by braziers, but lacquer does not dry in winter only by air of room drying when it is only it. Therefore we put water in the pan to keep humidity and are said to be when it is beginning of furofuki daikon incidentally that put daikon. Furofuki daikon which is popular now at bar. In fact, it is dish which was created because lacquer was property not to dry if there is not humidity.

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Naruko Shikki
Phonetic symbol narukoshikki
Classification of industrial art object Laquer Ware
Main product Tray, saucer for a teacup (saucer for a teacup), nest of boxes, cake bowl
Main production area Miyagi / Osaki-shi
The designation date May 20, 1991

Contact information

■local production associations

Naruko Shikki cooperative association
〒989-6892
Osaki-shi Naruko Onsen 65, Arayashiki
The second floor of clapper synthesis branch Government building
Osaki-shi clapper synthesis branch area promotion inside of a section
TEL: 0229-82-2026
FAX: 0229-82-2533

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

We let you blow on lacquer many times and soak into "mokujiryoto" (kijironuri) showing grain of wood of bare wood using transparent lacquer and bare wood, and there is "it blows and seems to finish lacquer" which we leave only lacquered color for the surface and finish. In addition, there is "dragon sentence coat" (ryumonnuri) to create designs that diverted sumi to thing using unique technique. In addition, quiet beauty is to product by traditional "one just painted" (one just painted) technique.

The key techniques of Naruko Shikki lacquerware include Kijiro-nuri, where a lacquer of extreme clarity is used to show the beauty of the underlying woodgrain, and Fuki-urushi-shiage, where a colored lacquer is applied to the wood and then wiped off countless times, leaving only the lacquer’s color on the surface of the wood. A unique decoration technique of Naruko Shikki lacquerware is Ryumon-nuri, which produces a pattern which looks as if ink was spilled the product. Another traditional technique is Nuritate, which produces a fresh, moist beauty in the finished product.

How to make

Process of manufacture is made with bare wood, and it is greatly divided into groundwork structure, tourushi, 4 processes of decoration. There are three kinds of bending that bare wood structure bends turnery using potter's wheel, corner thing such as nest of boxes, thin board and makes. Then, we make the groundwork with the Urushimoto groundwork (urushihonshitaji), the rust groundwork using rust (rust), the astringent juice groundwork and we paint with black lacquer and polish the surface. We paint with lacquer of finish so that this does not have trace and dust of brush and we polish back list side where we painted with lacquer of "final coating of lacquer" (we paint with flower) to just dry or finish and put "roiro coat" and complete. In addition, we may do decoration by lacquer work.

The method of producing Naruko Shikki lacquerware is divided into the four primary stages of making the wooden base, applying the base preparation coating, applying the lacquer and then applying decorations. The wooden base can either be a turned piece made on a wheel, a box such as a multi-tiered food box, or a wooden piece made of thin, bent boards. Next the wooden base is prepared using one of a variety of methods: using a fine clay coating, using a fine rust coating, or preparing the base with persimmon tannin. Black lacquer is then applied to the coated wooden base to prepare it for the final stage of lacquering. The top coat of lacquer is then applied with great diligence to ensure no brush marks or traces of dust stick to the bowl. The finishing coat of lacquer is applied in one of two styles: Hana (flower) lacquering, where the lacquer is allowed to dry as-is on the bowl, or Roiro lacquering, where the lacquer is polished to a smooth finish after it dries. Finally, the lacquered piece is sometimes then decorated with Maki-e gold powder paintings.

Voice from production center

In use, bad-smelling, but become weak when we are worried about lacquered smell when we pour water which we mixed squeeze of lemon and little vinegar with into container overnight. Please wipe well in quickly dry fukin without ranking water for a long time after having used, and putting.