Odawara ShikkiOdawara Lacquer Ware
It is in the middle of the Muromachi era, and it is said to be opening to have painted container of turnery made using abundant wood of Mount Hakone origin with lacquer.
Technique of Aya lacquering (be and sell and paint) was begun afterwards by having invited Laquer Ware craftsman under the castle because Hojo who ruled over this district developed Odawara Shikki. We come to paint arms with lacquer other than daily necessities such as tray, bowl in the Edo era, and it is thought that technique made with Laquer Ware was established as practical Laquer Ware.
The earliest examples of this ware were pieces of lacquered turned goods made from the plentiful supplies of wood available from the mountains around Hakone in the Muromachi period (1333-1568).
Some time later, the technique of applying colored lacquer known as iro-urushi-nuri was introduced when Hojo who governed the area at the time, invited lacquer ware craftsmen to come to the castle town in order to develop the local craft. It seems reasonable to suppose that the required became established during the Edo period (1600-1868), when lacquer was used on weapons and armor as well as for household goods such as soup bowls and trays.
The special features of this ware are the craftsmanship of the turnery and the way in which the lacquer brings out the beauty of the natural grain to the full. There are two types of lacquer ware, kijiro-nuri on which clear lacquer is used and suri-urushi-nuri. For this raw lacquer is rubbed well into the polished surface of the wood. Even today, bowls, plates, trays and coasters are the principle items produced sustaining this craft.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Tray, plate, bowl, saucer for a teacup (saucer for a teacup)
|Main production area
||Kanagawa / Odawara-shi
|The designation date
||May 31, 1984
■local production associations
Traditional Odawara Shikki association
621, Kuno, Odawara-shi, Kanagawa
Kanagawa industry technology center
The fourth floor of the industrial arts research institute
The association of Hakone product society
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Coating that we made use of technique of turnery being superior and beauty of grain of wood of nature in enough is characteristic. There are suriurushito (we can lose and paint) and mokujiryoto (kijironuri) to make use of enough without spoiling beauty of grain of wood.
Odawara shikki is unique for its advanced wood turning techniques and lacquer that reveals the full natural beauty of the underlying wood grain. Instead of hiding the wood grain, the key techniques of Suriurushi-nuri, applying extremely thin layers of lacquer, and Kijiro-nuri, using a finishing lacquer of incredible clarity, bring out the full beauty of the underlying wood.
How to make
The making of bare wood makes form using potter's wheel stand and potter's wheel plane (plane). Form polishes using result taratokusa. "suriurushito" includes suri (do) ri, and we repeat work called trunk print many times, and it finishes unrefined varnish to bare wood directly. "mokujiryoto" applies transparent lacquer and finishes, and "Aya lacquer ware maker" paints the groundwork and middle coating equal to layer between final coatings with black lacquer and we paint final coating with cinnabar red lacquer or black lacquer and finish.
A spinning lathe or turning lathe is used for the initial shaping of the wood. Once it is shaped, it is polished with natural rushes to prepare it for lacquering. The first lacquering step of Suriurushi-nuri involves applying an extremely thin layer of raw lacquer to the wood, waiting for it to be absorbed and then applying another layer countless times. In the next step of Irourushi-nuri, black lacquer is applied as a base layer, and after it dries another layer of red or black lacquer is applied on top, which brings out a deep luster. For the final step of Kijiro-nuri, top coat of incredibly clear lacquer is applied to finish the product.