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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Echizen ShikkiEchizen Lacquer Ware

Opening is old, and it is informed that it dates back to the sixth century. Craftsman of lacquer ware maker ordered complete change of crown by the Emperor at the time,
After giving black tableware, it is moved by the splendor of the luster deeply, and it is conveyed with beginning of Echizen Shikki that production was encouraged.

It is thought that this particular lacquer ware dates back to the 6th century. A lacquerer was ordered to recoat the kanmuri or formal headpiece of the Emperor of the times. The lacquerer also presented a black lacquered bowl to the Emperor who recognized the quality of his work and it is thought that it was this encouragement which led to the establishment of Echizen Shikki as an individual ware.

The turned goods is made from wood placed on a lathe in line with the grain and is usually Japanese chestnut (Aesculus Linn.), a type of birch called mizume (Betula grossa Sieb. et Zucc.) or zelkova (Zelkova serrata). Boxes and other complex pieces are coated with a finishing of hana-nuri. This is a lacquer which does not show any brush marks or blemishes and it is allowed to harden without any further attention. The result of a number of coatings of lacquer on a robust ground, this ware is well known for its gloss and gentle air of quality. Bowls, traditional food trays, conventional trays and stacking boxes or jubako are the most representative items produced of a ware which is also know as Kawada ware.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Groundwork structure is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When it is in the astringent juice groundwork, do "astringent juice groundwork structure" by repeating persimmon juice, ground charcoal powder and torch smoke, and applying.

     
    (2)
    Do "base powder groundwork structure" by repeating thing which mixed base powder, the U.S. seaweed with unrefined varnish, and applying when it is in the base powder groundwork.

    2
    Final coating loses "final coating of lacquer" or "roiro coat" using purified lacquer.

    3
    When make decoration, thing by lacquer inlaid with gold or lacquer work.

    4
    Bare wood structure is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    When it is in turnery, potter's wheel stand and birokurogannao use thing which performed timber conversion for "Tachiki", and mold.

     
    (2)
    After finishing, and sharpening, and having done when it is in Chinese brocade, mold using things which mixed powder of the U.S. seaweed and tree with unrefined varnish.

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

    2
    Assume bare wood tochi, mizume, zelkova or wig or material having materials which are equal to these.

  • Work scenery

    Generally, we can explain at four stages when process of lacquering greatly separates.
    At first "bare wood" which does timber conversion as dough from trees of zelkova, mizumezakura, tochi, cherry tree, chestnut, hoo having high solidity, and makes bare wood in each form in total. At this stage, it may be said that the skill of craftsman finishing to appropriate drying state of raw wood to get bare wood without distortion and correct dimensions is point.
    Bare wood made by woodworker is passed to furring before advancing to coating process. We cannot look at part of this groundwork work in finished Laquer Ware. However, finish condition of durability and final coating of Laquer Ware depends on the quality of this groundwork work; even if untie, is not exaggeration. Arrival at cloth setoitta work reinforcing ground-cedar or podocarp-endodermis mixed with japan (kokuso) (express as "ground-cedar or podocarp-endodermis mixed with japan" in Echizen) filling hole, slits such as junction or wound of bare wood and part which is easy to be hurt is included.
    We finally begin coating when we pass through groundwork process. Lacquer repeats "grind many times when we paint", and priming, average coat, final coating and process advance. Moisture is required so that lacquer which we painted with "dries", and one to "harden" may be plain than we dry. Speed of this drying depends on daily weather and is part that technique of craftsman is called into question. Painter performs the last final coating with extreme caution not to attach a little dust and dusts either.
    Laquer Ware of errand has much finish only for final coating, but may usually give picture and design more. We call this "decoration". Line carves design in aspect that we did and does final coating of lacquer, and, "lacquer work to sow gold silver dust to decoration, and to attach," there is "mother-of-pearl" that to attach gold leaf there, and "lacquer inlaid with gold" representing pattern of gold streak cuts foil of shell in form that it is likely and decorates. Then let's decide to see some main processes.

    Process 1: The making of bare wood

    We greatly distribute, and there are complete set and corners things such as bowls such as box, tray. Complete set sharpens water eyes cherry tree (mizumezakura), tochi, zelkova with potter's wheel and settles form. Corner thing cuts wig, hoo and we sharpen and are crowded and assemble.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 2: Give a first coat

    Coating process includes priming and final coating. Priming is not reflected on appearance of product, but, in important part controlling quality of Laquer Ware, repeats coating and grind many times.

    Process 3: Final coating

    Technique of sensitive drying that final coating keeps expertise to paint uniform thickness with and constant temperature, humidity is game. Humidity is necessary for lacquered drying and can enter dry chamber called bath and dries while turning not to be unbalanced in lacquer.

    Process 4: Lacquer work

    Decoration to color Laquer Ware includes various technique. One, lacquer work soak lacquer work writing brush with lacquer and draw design, and it sows silver dust there, and be accompanied and we polish and repeat polishing and build up.

    Process 5: Lacquer inlaid with gold

    Lacquer inlaid with gold is one of the technique of decoration, too. We incise pattern using technique such as line carving, point carving with lacquer inlaid with gold sword and fix silver foil, silver dust, color with lacquer to the carving trace and finish.

     

  • Close-up

    Solidity and high-dimensional harmony, Echizen Shikki of Yumi

    Echizen Shikki which is got close to in the name of Kawada coat (kawadanuri) to Laquer Ware fan and local person. As for the origin, it is old, and it is informed that we sail up until the sixth century. It is prosperous Laquer Ware production center even today. Division of labor advances, and bare wood, coating, each craftsman of decoration build up in inspiration and expiration now.

     

    It is natural to inherit the back if born in lacquered village

    Craftsman of Kawada says, "naturally it was atmosphere that both parent and brothers inherit the back at the time of work about lacquer." in chorus. It is Tsuneo Shimizu (shimizutsuneo) and Masakazu Hattori (it takes Masakazu) of one "lacquer inlaid with gold" of decoration technique to put for Toku Inoue (we are and untie) and sankuchi*ji (Yamaguchi Ryoji) of "bare wood", Ryuzo Okubo (okuboryuzo) of "painter" painting bare wood with lacquer, Laquer Ware which paints, and went up of corner thing that heard story about the making of Laquer Ware which division of labor advanced to. It is craftsman who represents all Kawada.

    Against material of nature, each accomplishes discerning work

    Of course decoration of coating includes feelings for work at each stage of decoration for coating of bare wood to bare wood. It is the same that "all nature is partner" as for all work.
    For example, in bare wood "is twisted, confusion, curve, spoiling are problems. As states are different, you must make sure of it every material of one one. When "confusion is given in (Yamaguchi) step on nests of boxes and lower step, we wobble and are not good. " (Inoue)
    Coating greatly depends on temperature and humidity, too. "Color changes even if we paint with the same lacquer in the morning and the afternoon on the same day. Of course it varies according to seasons. Is it easy to paint with October most during one year? Solid groundwork structure characterizing (Okubo) Echizen Shikki is important work of Okubo. As for both tree and the lacquer, all is material of nature. We remain in the same state and do not give. It is "feeling of seventh of craftsman" and Okubo to make sure of it.
    Decoration technique to carve lacquer inlaid with gold with lacquer inlaid with gold sword, and to put gold, silver in. "It is not revealed until we put person chisel in the article which paints, and went up (state). All the appearance looks same. (Shimizu) "lacquer inlaid with gold does delicate work in lacquered thickness minute. Coating is important during period before beginning work after getting nervous. Even if lacquer dries too much, blade slips. " (Hattori)

    • Tsuneo Shimizu. Lacquer inlaid with gold career 52

    • Masakazu Hattori. Lacquer inlaid with gold career 34 years

    Teamwork that we knew everything about each other

    Consideration to part except own work is necessary for division of labor, too. As "we have been doing it for many years, we know everything about habit of each craftsman at each stage. We mind so that the next person has you work with pleasure. If we think, it cannot be said that that will be fine if even work of (Yamaguchi) oneself is good with good craftsman of arm.

    Rei Yamaguchi Shimesu. Corner Monoki geography and history 48 years

    Joy of manufacturing, joy to have you use

    Craftsman will drive what kind of thing into day's work in every support. "Making thing thing. Joy finished in it. (Shimizu) when "the first sold. But when nicer one had visitor spend every day. It is ... to be put in the closet. (Okubo), as for "the woodworker, it works to think about form by oneself. Time when we had visitor please is glad that we think about new thing. Joy to what sincere attitude toward (Inoue) manufacturing and thing which oneself made are demanded from person and are useful for supports craftsman.

    • Toku Inoue. Corner Monoki geography and history 45 years

    • Ryuzo Okubo. Complete set coating career 55

    Craftsman of suggestion type is demanded from now on

    Work that is demanded from now on? In question called this, "it is suggestion type. We think that we grow still more if we think about new thing and make. It is said that we are wrong in (Yamaguchi) craftsmen who only make. For example, "must think about distribution. " (Okubo)
    Actually, interesting attempt is accomplished in Kawada. "We painted cosmetics set and sake crock. But Okubo who talks with ... laughingly though there was tragic but brave feeling when we saw sake crock rolls to workshop rumblingly.
    Reliable craftsmen of arm which inherited the traditional skill put power together and beat our brains. We were able to surely feel breath to say to create lacquer culture of new century at village of Kawada. Finally we want to introduce painter, words of Okubo one more. It "is no use that it is said that we try in various ways if we become free because we are busy now. What we tried in various ways is now while we are busy and stays. Nothing is made that we became free." It is spirit of craftsman who is going to advance forward while being full of one.

    Gleanings

    The skill of craftsman learning from failure

    Despite craftsman of this way several decades, there seems to be sometimes failure, too. No, as for all craftsmen experience of failure? We "always." reply that we ask this laughingly. We were surprised at this a little. Work of craftsman is always because we were convinced that there is not mistake at all with perfection. Failure appearing in process to arrive at there though thing appearing in the world is perfection definitely.
    Because "all is the natural other party, naturally to fail."; Okubo of painter. There is little failure let alone artificer. But it is not only it. It is necessary to make modifications not discouraged by failure properly. "Young person stops on seeing article returning (be resisted for inspection by the next process). Because there is much returning one." It will be what's called craftsman to improve the skill for bread by failure.

    • Okubo who paints square tray with lacquer skillfully

    • "Workshop of painter is said to this. It is in a mess and laughs with ...

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Echizen Shikki
Phonetic symbol echizenshikki
Classification of industrial art object Laquer Ware
Main product Bowl, low dining table, tray, nest of boxes
Main production area Fukui / Fukui-shi, Sabae-shi, Echizen-shi
The designation date May 10, 1975

Contact information

■local production associations

Echizen Shikki cooperative association
〒916-1221
37-6-1, Nishibukurocho, Sabae-shi, Fukui
TEL: 0778-65-0030
FAX: 0778-65-0550

http://www.echizen.or.jp/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

We saw Tachiki in lengthwise direction, and turnery does tree of horse chestnut, mizume, zelkova. Coating paints with lacquer of finish so that there are not trace and dust of brush called final coating of lacquer (we paint with flower) and features technique to just dry. It is elegant made and, with luster that we paint and put on the making of solid groundwork, has a good reputation. We are known as another name, Kawada coat.

The base form is made from Japanese horse chestnut, catalpa, zelkova or similar woods cut longitudinally and shaped on a potter’s wheel. A characteristic of Echizen Shikki is the hana-nuri coating method, whereby pots are given a lacquer finishing so that brush-marks and dust do not show and are then left to dry. The glossy finish produced by the many layers of undercoating as well as the elegant final products are justly famous. Echizen Shikki is also known as Kawada Nuri (lacquerware).

How to make

We repeat thing which mixed soot which turnery burns with ground charcoal powder (we are depressed and come) and pine called torch smoke for persimmon juice and made and paint. Chinese brocade paints with thing which mixed base powder, paste made of rice with unrefined varnish with the base powder groundwork repeatedly. We finish painting middle coating, final coating by brush using purified lacquer. In addition, decoration gives lacquer inlaid with gold or lacquer work.

The base form is coated with many layers of a mixture of persimmon juice, charcoal powder, and pine soot. Flat surfaces are coated in layers of a base coat made from raw lacquer, zinoko powder and rice paste. The intermediate and top coats are given with refined lacquer applied with a brush. Gold inlays and gold-speckled lacquer are used for decoration.

Voice from production center

Laquer Ware adds to taste so as to embezzle. While we continue using while tasting comfort to adjust to hand with moisture, Laquer Ware shines more and more beautifully.