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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Nibutani ItaNibutani Ita

Nibutani Ita has been inherited by people of Ainu who lived in Saru abandonment area for more than 100 years. At the mid-19th century, record that half moon tray and round tray were given to from this area remains.

Nibutani Ita is a craft that has been passed down for over 100 years by the Ainu people living in the Saru River basin region. There are records that indicate that round and half-moon shaped trays were presented by the people of this region in the latter half of the 19th century.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    Sculpture for 1 bare wood is thing by the next technique or technique.

    (1) Make "pattern carving" to carve Ainu patterns such as moreunoka, aiushinoka, shikunoka, and to be crowded.

    (2) Make "scale carving" to fill space between pattern and pattern in ramuramunoka (form of scale).

    Raw materials

    Assume bare wood walnut or wig or material having materials which are equal to these.

  • ・Work scenery

    Work scenery

  • ・Close-up

    Close-up

Summary

Industrial art object name Nibutani Ita
Phonetic symbol nibutaniita
Classification of industrial art object Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
Main product Tray, accessory
Main production area Hokkaido / Biratori-cho, Saru-gun
The designation date March 8, 2013

Contact information

■local production associations

Nibutani folk handicraft association
〒055-0101
80-10, Nibutani, Biratori-cho, Saru-gun, Hokkaido
TEL: 01457-2-2584
FAX: 01457-2-4003

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

It is wooden industrial art object which it is shallow, and beauty that moreunoka (thing in imitation of eddy, form), aiushinoka (thing in imitation of form with sashimi), Ainu patterns such as shikunoka (thing in imitation of eyes, form), scale carving called ramuramunoka (thing in imitation of scale, form) are put for while being daily necessity which we can use in everyday life for a long time had at the Bon Festival of simple shape.

These trays are made of flat wood, and they are beautiful and practical items that can be used in everyday life. The wood is carved with traditional Ainu motifs such as the moreunoka (spiral motif), aiushinoka (thorn motif), shikunoka (eye motif), and also ramuramunoka (scale motif).

How to make

①We saw up raw woods into a board form and let you naturally dry for 3-4 years. ②Board collecting (we flatten the surface of board and cut to size to produce.) ③Model (we do barbarity and fix bottom, corner.) ④Pattern carving (we draw sketch and make line carving along sketch. We put doublet around main pattern to carve hollow to deepen shadow of pattern, and to do expression of carving wealthily.) ⑤Scale carving (we engrave into division and we carve and wake up.)

1. Raw wood is carved into a tray shape, and left to dry for three to four years.
2. Itatori (the surface is made flat, and the size to be used is cut out.)
3. Katadori (the rough shape is carved, and the base and corners are formed.)
4. Monyobori (the design is sketched on, then lines are carved following the sketch. The design is emphasized by carving deeper lines, and in order to make the carving more expressive, the important patterns are surrounded by a second set of lines.)
5. The scale pattern is carved (tiny squares are scored, then carved.)

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