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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Akita Sugi Oke TaruAkita Cedar Cooperage

Sheet, baseplate, handle which we used for pail considered to belong to the 15th to the 16th century are excavated from the remains of Akita Castle.
Record that pail was used for in liquor shop of current Ogachimachi remains in diary of early Akita feudal clan senior retainer in the Edo era.
Pail, ark, carrying box (okamochi) of the early 19th century are left in Aoyagi-ke House of Kakunodatemachi. This is ryu (save) coating and is used copper taga, bamboo tagaga. Form is the same as current thing.

Elements of tubs dating from the 15th and 16th centuries have been discovered at the former site of Akita castle. Records dating from the beginning of the 17th century kept by one of the old families of the Akita clan, make it clear that tubs were being used at a sake maker within the present-day district of Ogatsu-cho.
There are also 19th century examples of different types of barrels and tubs preserved by the Aoyagi family of another district, Kakunodate-cho. They have a coating of lacquer and both copper and bamboo bands were used, and the shapes are the ones which are followed today.

The wood from natural stands of local cedar has a fine straight grain and besides having a wonderful scent, it is not prone to distortion as the wood moves so little. The superb quality of the wood contributes to the warmth of this craft and brings both charm and a sense of quality to the lives of those that use these tubs and barrels. The scent of the wood is especially contributive to the value of such items as Japanese bath tubs, tubs for sushi, beer tankards, sake flasks, and rice tubs. Flower vases, too, benefit from the wood in a different way, as do candy tubs and umbrella stands.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Timber conversion of kure is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Break "sunhowari ri" using forelock from tip end of log.

     
    (2)
    "You break width" and perform "piece of wood" not to make any "running out of eyes".

     
    (3)
    After having made wild cut, dry enough.

     
    (4)
    Do "honest stab" using "ruled line form" and "honest stand".

    2
    The making of taga is thing by any of the following.

     
    (1)
    Thing by bamboo taganiatteha, the next technique or technique.

     
     
    i
    Bamboo using tagani assumes "bamboo out of cold season", and "bamboo polishing" leave "pledget" part.

     
     
    ro
    Do "body finish" and chamfering.

     
     
    ha
    "Twist, and arrange" taga knitting or "knit silverberry"; toshi, the reel number are things more than 5 winding.

     
    (2)
    Thing with copper taga and brass taganiatteha, "lapped splice" or "embedded coupling."

    3
    Assembling finish is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    kure to use is "fair skin" or "to be belonging to back" "red meat".

     
    (2)
    When you use kureritsu teni assistance nail, use bamboo nail.

     
    (3)
    "Outward appearance plane" finishes "outside circle" using "zuku or "circular plane" for trunk", and finish "Uchimaru" using "eyes plane" or "circular plane".

     
    (4)
    When you are to thing which there is not more than four when it is to tagaha, thing with fixation lid, hang more than one.

     
    (5)
    You sharpen and perform finish of Kiguchi of chamfering, and polish tagao.

    4
    When do coating for finish, "wipe rou," thing by persimmon juice finish or "ryuto ri."

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume bare wood cedar.

    2
    Assume tagano material common Japanese bamboo, copper or brass.

    3
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

     

  • Work scenery

    We easily introduce process before Akita Sugi Oke Taru being made.

    Process 1: Timber conversion

    At first Ougi-shaped chip of wood to size of product makes "give me". We break log of cedar becoming materials in Ougi type from the center (sunhowari ri), and put together to size of product and break to rough size (width percent - piece of wood). "The cross grain goes wrong" which "straight-grained board goes wrong" by how to put out grain of wood; gaarimasu. We use properly by product to make.

    Process 2: zuku (boil) gari

    On work top called "horse", we sharpen chip of wood of a while ago to objective dimensions. We use unique tool called "zuku" then. "naizuku cliff" means that we reduce the inside "gaizuku cliff" in reducing the outside.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 3: Honesty (honesty) stab

    It is process making the kuretokureno joint. We take accurate form using ruler called "kegata".

    Process 4: It has just finished giving

    We match color with grain of wood so that beauty becomes more attractive more and make kureo assembling circle-formed bounds. We use bamboo nail for joint. We temporarily fasten temporary tagao errand so that form does not collapse.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 5: Plane finish

    Plane deletes the inside and the outside with plane with tooth with roundness and finishes the surface. We carve with ditch to put baseplate using "marking gauge" at the same time. This is called "ant limit".

    Process 6: tagakake, bottoming out

    Finally we put bamboo notagaohame, baseplate which we made beforehand and tighten a hoop using hands and feet. We close, and elaborate nikureo is completion from the outside.

     

  • Close-up

    Sense Akita Sugi Oke Taru of beauty and the feel of grain of wood to have of Akita cedar

    When the skill and high quality Akita cedar to make purge (strip of paper-formed small board) of one one without confusion of bit, and to put together met, it is to tool of this living that it is easy to use beautifully. We asked discerning craftsman who conveyed the traditional skill only using hoop (taga) and Akita cedar of bamboo in now, Yuhei Kamata of this way 50 years about story.

     

    Because it is cedar raised in cold Akita, this beauty and strength appear

    Because "it is cold place, tree does not grow up in a short term. In other words, space of annual ring is small. It produces beauty and strength that are the biggest features of pail barrel which this makes with Akita cedar." We select carefully from much Akita cedars to make one product and do not spare trouble though we put grain of wood, colors together. Laying upon seems to be trade secret.

    Many tools to make pail barrel form a line. Unique thing for tool with curve called this "" not to do to make pail barrel

    Nature and this tradition rooted in Noshiro blessed with location requirements

    "Place where this neighborhood is port of call of goods-carrying merchant ship, and Akita cedars of Yoneshiro River basin gather. We were endowed with location requirements that nature and cooper, carpenter, occupation such as blacksmith's propered." Kamata is the well-established eleventh generation founded in (1846) in 1846, too. The skill flowers in Edo, the Meiji era, and Akita Sugi Oke Taru person boasted of approximately 300 houses in the postwar golden age, but demand decreases sharply with plastic from about 1961, perfection of expansion and water supply of aluminum product. It is said that less than 30 houses, craftsman become around 30 people now. However, texture of tree seems to be beginning to be reviewed again now including "ohitsu".

    "Creature" called food pours into live tree, and taste does not fall

    Change of rent paid by a tenant farmer beginning, and there being taste in air as for moving, for example, rice to "ohitsu" thoroughly when we move. Of course we are not tense if we regulate cooked temperature and humidity of rice well even if it cools down. "And Akita cedar will be congenial to Japanese kojikin of rice. Hinoki and other materials do not give life in this way." Even point called function may exceed current hi-tech electric appliance.

    Place of encounter with customer that business trip demonstration to exhibition is fun

    Kamata goes to exhibition of Officially designated Traditional craft products opened up in each place for demonstration these days positively while being craftsman. "We look forward to speaking joke with visitor. We mention each other's personality through joke. But this buys unexpectedly. Even justice is ...." Because it is such Kamata, there are quite many fans, too. Is a certain sportcaster of NHK with the one, too?

    We challenge by Akita cedar and this skill with various everyday tools

    Though "we left high school and entered this world forcibly, in fact, we wanted to become "woodwork designer". But various manufacturing that we sometimes saw is useful now." Kamata having intended to have know charm of tool of cedar more "tableware". In other words, it is application to calibers getting on dining table. "Beer beer mug" of Akita cedar is confidence product above all. "We do not miss heat that cannot condense dew. Therefore bubble does not go out." There is not being over for challenge, study of Kamata to new design which we made use of this cedar and this skill in. Though "you want you to buy a lot, please use for a long time carefully. Of course saying repair anytime if ache, and is broken; as for earth environmental friendliness does not forget that is, too. "We dub life into these materials by their skill. It is our work." Finally we were completed so hot.

    Beer beer mug of satisfaction. One article of the ultimate that we want to have by all means that Akita cedar and collaboration with the traditional skill produced

    Craftsman profile

    Yuhei Kamata

    Traditional industrial arts person. It was born in 1933.
    "Did, and there seemed to be a large number of people story" musical that made Kamata model

    Gleanings

    Tableware using pail method of construction

    Technique of pail method of construction that has been handed down by the making of Akita Sugi Oke Taru is made use of in domain of tableware now.
    There is various works group including ice bucket and beer mug, but is result that came for keeping all good point of pail method of construction alive based on tidy theory to the maximum.
    For example, there is merit that bubble that beer mug of Akita cedar looking original at a glance does not miss coldness does not disappear.
    In addition, we regulate nagaranoohitsuha, cooked temperature and humidity of rice well in old days and are not tense even if cold, and it is thought that there are many points that are superior to thermal insulation function of the rather present electric rice cooker.
    Good material of nature which has been forgotten is right right here while we chase convenience, comfort.
    It is only special dish which we want on our dining table by all means.

    • Barrel or beer mug that warmth of tree is felt

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Akita Sugi Oke Taru
Phonetic symbol akitasugioketaru
Classification of industrial art object Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
Main product Ark (hitsu), cake bowl, vase, sake barrel, Choshi barrel, beer mug, sushi plate, bath basin, umbrella stand
Main production area Akita / Odate-shi, Noshiro-shi, Akita-shi, Yokote-shi others
The designation date May 31, 1984

Contact information

■local production associations

Association of Akita Sugi Oke Taru
〒016-0863
The barrel place made in 2, Ushiroyachi, Noshiro-shi, Akita Noshiro
TEL: 0185-52-5622
FAX: 0185-52-8131

http://www.chuokai-akita.or.jp/oketaru/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Natural Akita cedar has annual ring equal, and it is smooth, and flavor is good, and confusion is hard to occur beautifully because there are few expansion and contraction and has superior characteristic. Warmth of tree of Akita Sugi Oke Taru gives moisture and the richness in life.

Natural Akita ceder, in addition to its fine annual tree rings, natural beauty, rich scent, is resistant to stretching and shrinking, which prevents deviations in the finished product, making it an excellent crafting material. Akita ceder wooden pails use this wonderful material to bring a rich warmth to everyday life.

How to make

Production process is greatly distributed between six. We make straight-grained board (masame) board, strip of paper-formed small board called "kure" (come) of cross grain board from log and hang gaizuku (we boil the outside), naizuku (we beat and boil) and fix external form. We put a hoop on thing which put up "kure" like ring and touch bottom and cover (cover) and polish bare wood (pheasant) and finish in synthetic resin paint, persimmon juice.

The method of production is divided into six primary stages. The individual slats of the barrel, “kure”, are made using straight-grained narrow boards of wood. A special inner lathe and outer lathe is then used to shape the boards into the barrel shape. After the kure slats are stood in the shape of a barrel, the outer bamboo hoops are bound, and the bottom and top are set. The wooden base is then polished, and finished with a coating of combined resin or persimmon tannin.

Voice from production center

Pail vinegars "kure" using materials of straight-grained board in bamboo, copper, brass (brass) taga, and ark does the bottom of the tree with container which we had, and covers such as running out of meal (hangi) ri say thing which is not fixed. Barrel is thing with fixed cover like sake barrel using materials of the cross grain. After use, you wash early and wipe off with tender cloth, and direct rays of the sun and heater, ventilation avoid good place, and please save.

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