Edo SashimonoEdo Joinery
In the Edo era, Tokugawa shogunate government called many craftsmen together from the whole country and we made Shokunincho of Daikumachi, Kajicho, Konnyacho and, around Kanda, Nihonbashi, developed the manual industry.
Work of carpentry was divided into occupations such as Japanese oak man of experience (string expands), master of sliding storm door and a sliding paper door, master of palace with the development of consumer life in middle part of the Edo era. One is cabinetmaker and follows at the present.
Many skilled individuals were encouraged to live and work in Edo (Tokyo) by the Shogunate right from the outset of the Edo period (1600-1868), and craft industries developed as a result of the formation of enclaves within the districts of Kanda and Nihonbashi for such specialists as carpenters, smiths, and dyers.
The emergence of a consumer society that took place in Japan from about the middle of the Edo period in turn led to a specialization among carpenters, with some producing bentwood goods, others making fine screens and doors, and still others who constructed religious and palace architecture. Fine cabinet makers and joiners also emerged and are still active to this day.
While fine cabinetry and joinery in Kyoto developed as a result of supplying the needs of the Imperial court and the tea ceremony, the style which still characterizes Edo Sashimono developed by meeting the requirements of the warrior classes, merchants and Kabuki actors resident in Edo. In essence this distinctive Edo style is expressed through sturdy construction and a brevity of form, while avoiding unnecessary ornamentation and maximizing the effects of an attractive grain. Perhaps the best and most highly acclaimed of all the woods used is the so-called shimakuwa, a mulberry from the island of Mikurajima.
The range of goods produced today includes chests, desks, various kinds of stands and shelves. Boxes are also part of a repertoire which is completed by hibachi, items for the tea ceremony and pieces associated with the playing of Japanese music.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
||Chest, desk, stand, shelf, box thing, brazier, tea ceremony, traditional Japanese music article
|Main production area
||Tokyo / Taito-ku, Arakawa-ku, Adachi-ku, Katsushika-ku, Koto-ku
|The designation date
||May 14, 1997
■local production associations
Edo Sashimono cooperative association
2-6-4, Suido, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
Ma Maison 101, Kohinata
■Associated exhibit space, facility
For Kyo Sashimono that tea ceremony use for the Imperial Court developed, the feature of Edo Sashimono is that thing for for merchant for samurai family and Edo Kabuki actor developed. We make use in the beauty maximum of grain of wood of wood and avoid becoming too decorative and it is solid made and expresses the best of Edo with neat molding. Particularly, mulberry materials of Mikurajima are called "island mulberry" and receive evaluation when it is the best material.
While Kyoto sashimono was used to produce articles used by royal family and in tea ceremonies, Edo sashimono is unique in that it was used to produce articles used by samurai families, merchants and Edo kabuki actors. Edo sashimono expresses the essence of the Edo period in its lack of decoration, simple and rugged design, and exhibition of the natural beauty of the wood grain to the greatest degree. In particular, the mulberry trees of Mikurajima Island, known as “Island Mulberries,” are rated as the ultimate building material.
How to make
Board and bar stock are made without using nail by carving irregularities using chisel or knife, and being crowded, and putting together. In addition, we may take various masks for relationship of board side in handmade small ganna. We do not see in pattern practice with a partner from completed article, but it is solid at all and can continue using for dozens of years as we make full use of technique as invisible place from the outside and are built up.
Without using nails, chisels and knives are used to carve interlocking finger and dovetail joints into the timbers and boards, which are then joined together. Additionally, small hand-made wood planes are used to produce a variety of finishes and patterns along the edges of the boards. While the variety of building techniques cannot be seen from the outside, it is the exhaustive use of these techniques in places that cannot be seen that produces a finished product that can be used for decades.