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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Hakone Yosegi ZaikuHakone Wood Mosaic Work

It was begun being Hatajuku of Mount Hakone late in the Edo era, and marquetry ware by revolt marquetry ware and unit pattern was mainstream while it was the beginning.
Marquetry ware technique of the Shizuoka area was brought at the beginning of the Meiji era, and this was established as small marquetry ware of today's consecutive pattern constitution.
Hakone work is the only production center in the country known by technique of minute crafts widely.

This form of marquetry began at the post town in the mountains of Hakone about the middle of the 19th century. At first it was mainly an unstructured form of marquetry or one using a simple pattern. Then in the 1870s, marquetry skills from around Shizuoka were introduced and now Hakone Yosegi Zaiku is well known for its extremely fine handwork and as being the only craft of its kind in Japan.

The mountains here are one of the few places in Japan where there are so many different species of trees. The rich variety of timbers they yield are expressed in the repeated geometric patterns of this marquetry making the most of the natural color of each wood for such things as boxes, coasters, trays and a number of other household items including small items of cabinetry.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Drying is thing by naturally drying.

    2
    The "marquetry ware dry plate" making of is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Assume pattern combination of bare wood which does not give dyeing.

     
    (2)
    "Shooting board" use saw of single clam, "flat plane" and "long plane" for the making of pattern unit materials "sawing punishment stand" "ryudai".

     
    (3)
    "You approach" and do "play with many prostitutes and entertainers".

    3
    Use "large plane" or "sen plane" for "zouk collecting". In this case, thickness of "zouk" is 0.25 millimeters of things.

    4
    When is in armor-back held-flag; thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    When we attach "zouk" or marquetry ware sawing board on armor-back held-flag bare wood, cutting side do not emerge on the surface of product.

     
    (2)
    The joining is thing by yatoizane patch, box joint or connection which is equal to these.

    5
    When is in turnery; thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    You use potter's wheel stand and birokurogannao, and mold.

     
    (2)
    You finish, you saw and use turn of both left right directions of potter's wheel for scouring rush polishing.

    6
    When do decoration by inlay, or "dig out" cutting groove; niyorukoto.

    7
    When finish;, "waxing," is thing by "pickpocket lacquer" or "mokujiryoto ri".

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume bare wood to use for "marquetry ware dry plate" tree.

    2
    "Do armor-back held-flag bare wood (you remove bare wood to use for "marquetry ware dry plate".) to use for (we remove pure armor-back held-flag.) with material having materials which are equal to cedar, hinoki, drill, wig, hoo, sen, yellowfin tuna, hoe, zelkova, kusu, walnut, ebony, rose wood or rosewood or these.

    3
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

  • Work scenery

    In marquetry ware, we let different trees of hue swell with glia and, to basics of pattern materials, pattern material, unit pattern materials, organization pattern, enlarge pattern in sequence. In that way we sharpen made dry plate with big plane with all all power thinly. The making of marquetry ware is handwork that elaborateness and courage are required.

    Process 1: Drying

    With materials of marquetry ware as shade airing, we are dried well.

    Process 2: Choice materials

    We decide pattern of marquetry ware to produce and prepare with a choice of materials which we accepted.

    ●Kind of pattern
    As for the representative one, Ichimatsu doll, family crest of a hemp leaf, blue-sea dance, silk damask form (sheaths) passes away two (break); three Masu (see), guys (yakko), feathers of an arrow. Creation-like pattern is developed recently, too.

    ●Color and materials
    Of pro-white aohada, rice cake come, and come, and do not perform Shinano; Mizuki
    Of pro-gray cheeks come; sanshobara, aohadanoshimi
    Lemon yellow system is bitter; Mayumi
    Sell, and kuwa is bitter yellow; of goby come and is come Shinano
    Red system Pas doek bricks (foreign materials)
    Of pro-green cheeks come
    Pro-brown akagusu, ichii, enju, wig, walnut, kusunoki, kuwa, kemponashi, zelkova, cherry tree, Shinano comes; chanchin, mokkoku, tabunoki, NATO
    Brown system wig Kojiro, zelkova Kojiro, Kojiro, Sakura, walnut man Sonia
    Black system wig Kojiro, kuri Kojiro, ebony man Sonia

    Process 3: Material timber conversion

    We sharpen plural number of colored materials making marquetry ware pattern with hand plane in necessary thickness each. We paint materials side with glia (glue) and put on top of one another and adhere and we close and tighten with stand. This becomes "basis cornerstone of pattern".

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 4: For plane

    We reduce edge of basic materials of pattern to angle of 45 degrees and we put in the model and cut hand nokode. Furthermore, we put in the model for cut to do angle exactly and do plane (plane) cut and make "pattern material".

    Process 5: Marquetry ware

    It is glia and tightens in combination pattern material of the same type with the adhesion, cotton string and makes "unit pattern materials". Precision of this unit pattern materials is important point to control the finish of the whole marquetry ware.

    Process 6: Keep thickness

    We glue two unit pattern materials together with glia in combination with four and enlarge pattern. In addition, we tighten with string and cut in thickness of hand nokode uniformity on length or the side and make some blocks. "Organization pattern" is completed by putting plural blockings together to become consecutive patterns, and this becomes "marquetry ware dry plate".

    Process 7: We sharpen wood shavings and process

    We begin to sharpen marquetry ware dry plate by one piece with special large plane carefully thinly. "zuku" means thing which we sharpened in this way.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 8: Wood shavings processing

    As sharpened zuku usually bends, we thin with iron evenly. We may line in Washi Paper in some cases.

    Process 9: Wood shavings pasting processing

    We stick zuku on small boxes and make marquetry ware product. In addition, there is marquetry ware mook product which just uses marquetry ware dry plate with thickness.

     

  • Close-up

    Hakone Yosegi Zaiku that hue of natural tree brings about minute design

    Marquetry ware which distributed trees more than 50 kinds by color, and expressed pattern. It is said that we were born as souvenir of Tokaido in established theory, but we say the skill, and it is said with aesthetic sense and exceeds far level of simple souvenir. It is minute industrial art object which the mountains of Hakone leading a variety of trees brought about, and it is art.

     

    Mysterious space, marquetry ware of aestheometry

    "Place hard to pass of the world" and the mountains of sung Hakone are not only steep. The mind was deep widely, and a great variety of trees have been brought up in forest which harked back to kind mother. It is Hakone Yosegi Zaiku that those trees are made as materials. Feathers of an arrow, three Masu (we see), revolt marquetry ware, scale, sword flower, silk damask form (sheaths)……. Various aestheometry continues and create space of strange marquetry ware.
    Sigh to leak unintentionally when we noticed when it is tree different of kind that express tea and white and black, yellow of small pattern and red color, and to appear. Speaking of Hakone, person living in metropolitan area will associate marquetry ware. But, on earth how much person will mention genuine fineness, splendor; - -?

    Model for cut to make basic materials of pattern. By pattern which we are going to create, we use model approximately 30 kinds properly

    As for the marquetry ware, plane is life

    "Then such sweet times did not have that individual made use of one's ability in those days and chose occupation. Noboru Honma who entered this way necessarily because father did marquetry ware craftsman in the case of me. We set up home and studio in close place from Hakoneyumoto station.
    Honma got this work since the age of 16 years old soon after the war. Unlike now, all does manually at that time. We say that it was regrettable that plane (plane) is not usable well while it is the beginning.
    As for "this work, plane thinks me to be full-fledged only after life, adjustment of blade of plane can be tight-knit"
    We polished blade of plane 10 to 20 times a day in those days. When we began with 16 age and thought plane whether it came to be usable all right for three years, we made inkstone case. We continue still using the inkstone case for chest in thought of "shoshimbo rubekarazu".

    As for this work, plane is Noboru Honma called life. Many works are produced by this hand

    We become able to see in the beauty of marquetry ware

    Honma breaks into the marquetry ware industry in the winter times around 30-40 generations, and there is time when we did other woodwork work out of necessity. However, we kept reading, old marquetry ware work carefully when the times when handmade thing revived came by all means. It is all one could do just to make money for 40-50 generations. We smile wryly saying it is saying "at last we pass 55, and what we do these work and became able to think to have been good is after".
    At the age of 50 years old, we created concrete vision. We mend art museum of marquetry ware if it becomes 60. We start the art museum foundation from mid-50s and assume dream real thing after three years. Until 60 years old of aim, we left postponement of another several years. It is said that Honma who has begun to collect marquetry ware for art museum establishment was overwhelmed to enormousness of quantity that gathered at hand from the whole country and height of quality.
    In "value of industrial art object, art, we became able to see. Even oneself thought marquetry ware to be simple souvenir so far. When we make reference library of hobby, it is a waste of this. We open to the public widely and will have you raise awareness of visitor for marquetry ware. In addition, we thought to have youths as successor see by implication of the training freely"

    zuku which was begun to sharpen is less than what and 1 millimeter. It is surprisingly minute handwork

    We make use of geographical advantage, and let's make saucer of successor

    When even Traditional Craft persists in old-fashioned production, sale system how, we do not stay. If craftsman does not make profit rate better, successor cannot be brought up. Honma cuts custom that bitter tongue is sharp, and is old. In that way we made current form that visitor could sell directly after we thought out, and distribution to wholesale dealer did not neglect and put up. Son who got other work comes back to house; of marquetry ware is training itself.
    "Is it the state of things that how turns out from now on?  We were convinced that marquetry ware did not disappear. Body with advantages that in right in the middle of sightseeing spot called Hakone that is production center and consuming places are united. Sell product carefully carefully. Technical expensive product survives by all means. We let son always hear deleterious effects of the war"
    Honma strengthened tone before grieving when there was not successor when at first oneself active must make plate which made use of geographical advantage, and accepted subsequent person.
    As it were, marquetry ware is miniature of forest of Hakone where tree of a variety of kinds lives together. The richness and generosity of forest of Hakone will be what is felt close still more by using daily necessities that box, drawer, tray, plate, saucer for a teacup - - marquetry ware were given.

    • Marquetry ware chessboard of Honma product is taste such as plaything of smart adult. "Tree (mind) makes thing that two or three products turned into many squid and others a little in year as for me"

    • Ceiling of art museum where Honma lavished great care on. If look up; flavor such as planetarium of marquetry ware

    Craftsman profile

    Noboru Honma

     
    It was born in 1931. When visitor bought article which we built up for trouble time in front, we break countenance when after all we are glad.

    Gleanings

    The origin of marquetry ware was high-quality furniture, furniture

    Person called Jin Ishikawa soldier of the Imperial Guard (1790 through 1850) that the founder of Hakone Yosegi Zaiku lives in Hatajuku, Hakone-machi. As for a lot of documents which marquetry ware appears, it is written down in "kokosanfukiko" of Siebold published in 1826 (Bunsei 9) that technique of marquetry ware was used for furniture and furniture. It was generally marquetry ware which seemed to be souvenir, but would be high-quality article now if we traced the source. Besides, "shimbanhigashikaidogojusanjikoretsu*roku (sugoroku) of the Tenpo era year (1830 through 44)," marquetry ware comes out in color woodblock print "* (so) writing brush fifty years of age Odawara, Miyoshi" of Hiroshige Andou, Toyokuni Utagawa coproduct. In addition, copy of box for letters which Tokoku Kitamura of writer used habitually as memento of father is displayed in art museum of Honma who appeared for close-up.

    • The inside of Homma Museum of Art. Image of marquetry ware called souvenir will renovate if we see this

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Hakone Yosegi Zaiku
Phonetic symbol hakoneyosegizaiku
Classification of industrial art object Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
Main product Indoor article, dining table kitchen article, library, small chest, accessories
Main production area Kanagawa / Odawara-shi, Hakone-machi, Ashigarashimo-gun
The designation date May 31, 1984

Contact information

■local production associations

Hakone, Odawara tradition marquetry ware cooperative association
〒250-0055
621, Kuno, Odawara-shi, Kanagawa
Kanagawa industry technology center industrial arts research institute the fourth floor
The association of corporate judicial person Hakone product society
TEL: 0465-32-5252
FAX: 0465-32-5253

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Hakone Range is area outstanding as place with many kinds of wood in Japan. Using abundant trees of kind, it makes use of hue of nature, and it is marquetry ware to have expressed geometry pattern. There are various kinds of products such as box, drawer, small chest, saucer for a teacup (saucer for a teacup), accessories.

The mountains around Hakone are famous in Japan for their diverse variety of trees. Hakone yosegi zaiku expresses the beautiful natural colors of Hakone’s natural abundance in a wide variety of geometric shapes and patterns. The mosaics are used for boxes, drawers, bureaus, teacup saucers, and even personal accessories.

How to make

We send many chip of woods which we cut and brought down to constant form and make unit pattern and we cut this unit pattern into round slices, and quit into a board form and gather and make kind tree (tanegi). High mastery of skills is necessary for angle to cut and bring down tree, veracity of dimensions, adhesion technology to make chip of wood of one slice of one slice. We sharpen and divide dry plate (there was seed) made from kind tree into several thin paper-formed boards with special plane (plane) and stick this sheet as decoration materials of box and armor-back held-flag product. Containers of small box and turnery (go down thing) are made as dry plate, too and widen possibility of marquetry ware more recently.

First multiple blocks of wood are cut into the same geometric shape. Each block is then sliced to produce the individual mosiac pieces. The pieces are then assembled into the full mosaic pattern, creating a Tanegi board. Deep expertise and experience is required to produce the Tanegi board, as each individual block must be cut in exactly the same shape at precise angles, and then glued perfected to produce a seamless mosaic pattern. A specialized plane is then used to scrape paper thin slices called Taneita from the Tanegi board, each containing the same geometric pattern. The paper thin Taneita sheets are then glued to boxes and other wood joinery products for decoration. Recently a new technique has been created which allows the Taneita boards to be turned directly into boxes, or into wood turned products such as plates and bowls, further expanding the possibilities of Hakone yosegi zaiku.

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