Toyooka Kiryu ZaikuToyooka Willow Basketry
Beginning of *yanagisaiko dates back until the beginning of the first century, and, in Nara Shoso-in magistrate in charge of managing the shogunate's private property, "Tajima domestic production wicker box" is still left.
Form as industry was set at time when Toyooka became castle town in osier which grew in barren land of the Maruyama River in *yanagisaiko which began because we knit basket.
Because we protected, and feudal lord recommended *yanagisaiko in the Edo era and established monopoly system, product of Toyooka came to be known in the life.
The craft can be traced back to the 1st century AD, and there is a willow basketwork box, the Tajima no Kunisan Yanagibako, among the treasures held at the Shoso-in Repository in Nara.
The craft began in earnest, however, when baskets were made from Salix koriyanagi, a willow which grows in an area washed by the waters of the Maruyama river, and when a castle was built in Toyooka, the craft developed into an industry. During the Edo period, the Kyogoku family led the local clan and protected and promoted the craft, establishing a monopoly, which resulted in this basketry being known throughout the country.
There are six different types of basic weaving, 33 types of in-fill weaving, and 18 different ways of finishing off the edges of these baskets. Each one makes the best use of the materials used, the choice of weave being that of the maker. The fact that the willow and cane become flexible when immersed in water and less prone to bend when dried is utilized to the full.
|Industrial art object name
||Toyooka Kiryu Zaiku
|Classification of industrial art object
||Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
||Wicker trunk (yanagikouri), baskets
|Main production area
||Hyogo / Toyooka-shi, Yabu-shi, Kami-cho, Mikata-gun
|The designation date
||October 8, 1992
■local production associations
1362, Akaishi, Toyooka-shi, Hyogo
■Associated exhibit space, facility
In technique of basket knitting by hand of craftsman one by one, there are six kinds of cable stitches, side knitting (sokuami) 33 kinds, marriage (fuchigumi) 18 kinds while making use of taste of lumber, the strongly flexible texture, softness and tenacity, and various works are completed by intention of person producing.
The basket-making techniques employed by craftsmen hand-weaving individual pieces highlighting the flavor of the natural wood, its strong and supple texture as well as its softness and resilience, include six kinds of cable stitches, 33 kinds of platting stitches and 18 kinds of joints which make it possible to create a variety of different objects.
How to make
It softens when we dip *yanagisaiko into water that osier and rattan (father) last and, using property to be tense when we dry, knits. Wicker boxes edit willow in hemp thread and they go and finish border hook. After bottom knitting, shoe tree have and fixes baskets in cable stitch after ritsushinkyoku ge (tateshimmage) and performs side knitting and pulls shoe tree if we finish knitting and we perform marriage and finish, and finish in work using various technique at each stage.
Kiryu zaiku is woven taking advantages of the properties of “kori-yanagi” willow and rattan woods, which soften when soaked in water and harden when dried. Wicker cases and bags are made by weaving willow pieces together with hemp yarn and finished by hooking the edges. As for baskets, after the bottom has been woven, they are attached to a wooden mold, fixed in place by tying them with rope and after the sides are woven the wooden mold is removed and joining is done; they are then completed with a variety of techniques being used at each stage.
Voice from production center
Special ingredient is included in osier and may not keep bad company. It is colored naturally over time and becomes tasteful. You are old and you dip into tepid water and wash wicker box which turned black, and please dry in the shade. We become beautiful beyond recognition. After having washed, please completely dry thing which installed rice. Mold occurs when we put with getting wet.