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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Toyooka Kiryu ZaikuToyooka Willow Basketry

Beginning of *yanagisaiko dates back until the beginning of the first century, and, in Nara Shoso-in magistrate in charge of managing the shogunate's private property, "Tajima domestic production wicker box" is still left.
Form as industry was set at time when Toyooka became castle town in osier which grew in barren land of the Maruyama River in *yanagisaiko which began because we knit basket.
Because we protected, and feudal lord recommended *yanagisaiko in the Edo era and established monopoly system, product of Toyooka came to be known in the life.

The craft can be traced back to the 1st century AD, and there is a willow basketwork box, the Tajima no Kunisan Yanagibako, among the treasures held at the Shoso-in Repository in Nara.
The craft began in earnest, however, when baskets were made from Salix koriyanagi, a willow which grows in an area washed by the waters of the Maruyama river, and when a castle was built in Toyooka, the craft developed into an industry. During the Edo period, the Kyogoku family led the local clan and protected and promoted the craft, establishing a monopoly, which resulted in this basketry being known throughout the country.

There are six different types of basic weaving, 33 types of in-fill weaving, and 18 different ways of finishing off the edges of these baskets. Each one makes the best use of the materials used, the choice of weave being that of the maker. The fact that the willow and cane become flexible when immersed in water and less prone to bend when dried is utilized to the full.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    When is in wicker trunk, thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    We grind "boiled rice with water".

     
    (2)
    Use "bamboo bow" for "bow thread".

     
    (3)
    "It shines" fixes "bow thread" to "san tree", and perform.

     
    (4)
    "Knitting" fixes with "weight tree", and perform.

     
    (5)
    We grind "contain grandchild".

     
    (6)
    "You do Yamaokoshi", and use niha, "splint" and tree mallet.

     
    (7)
    "You are closed", and use o for "rim roll".

    2
    When is in small wicker box, thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    We grind "boiled rice with water".

     
    (2)
    Use "bamboo bow" for "bow thread".

     
    (3)
    "Knitting" fixes with "weight tree", and perform. In this case, "knitting" is thing by "knit fabric" and "mountain".

     
    (4)
    "You are closed", and use o for "rim roll".

    3
    Willow basket and rattan basket are things by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    When you do "willow break", use "break child".

     
    (2)
    When you do "chamfering", use "it is width decision".

     
    (3)
    We grind "boiled rice with water".

     
    (4)
    "Bottom" is thing by "corner bottom edition" or "cobottom edition" "oval gold coin bottom edition" "U.S. character bottom edition" "double cross bottom edition" "cross bottom" "percent cross bottom".

     
    (5)
    After having done "ritsushinkyoku" when we do not do "cobottom", do "rope".

     
    (6)
    "Side" is thing by "hihen" or "change" "rope twist" "regular".

     
    (7)
    "Marriage" is thing by "corelationship" or "winding relationship".

     
    (8)
    When make "cover", "regular," is thing by "rope twist" or "hihen".

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume the main materials osier or rattan.

    2
    It be said that bamboo to use has materials which are equal to common Japanese bamboo, a kind of thick-stemmed bamboo or this.

    3
    It be said that thread materials to use have materials which are equal to hemp or this.

    4
    Do side reinforcing structure to use with thing having materials which are equal to canvas or this or leather.

     

  • Work scenery

    As for the Toyooka Kiryu Zaiku, wicker trunk and wicker lunch-box are famous for a long time, but will see process of manufacture in reference to basket here.

    Process 1: Bottom knitting

    At first we knit from part of bottom, but set "tateri" and willow of big log that it is that it is beside axle on knitting. We knit out of thin willow becoming "amiso" in soshitesonotaterini right angle. We knit, and result agariga varies according to the pulling. We arrange whether it is knit according to dimensions while being careful.

    Process 2: Cover (cover) knitting

    Then, we knit cover, but increase partial yoritaterio of bottom. Oh, miso uses willow which thin look makes. We match with curve of cover if knit.

    Process 3: Fix bottom to the bottom of the shoe tree, tateriosasu.

    We open flat tojide hole between seal and seals while confirming seal of taterino position. We place "tateri" so that cut end faces place where we pierced below. And we strengthen "tateri" in cable stitch in spite of being folding. And go along approximately two laps ndetaterino both sides and do core.

    Process 4: Side knitting

    After having done cable stitch with three logs, "regular knitting" "shrike knitting" "to fly, and to knit" "armor knitting" gradually climbs 20 several kinds in various technique that there is. We pull out shoe tree and do "marriage" if knit to necessary place. Called "worship border", in technique, just close with cover. Finally we let go through to each in spite of being tojio messenger and knit if it becomes ritsu ttatateriga two. And finally, we cut off unnecessary willow by knife and fix form and are completion of part of the body.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 5: Lid knitting

    We knit to model in the same way in the same way as bottom.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 6: We make handle

    We surround willow which we thinned and, with "rattan" which we looped as core, make handle.

    Process 7: We attach handle and cover

    We maintain restrictions of willow that we braided our hair in the body and join together with cover. It is completion in this.

  • Close-up

    Toyooka Kiryu Zaiku which is reborn newly

    Wicker trunk (we sell willow) which there was in closet of what house until age. It was indispensable to moving and trip. In addition, it was wicker lunch-box (it sells meal) to have been useful as lunch box. We are going to be able to forget *yanagisaiko of Toyooka predominant in such a generation now. We heard what really happened in the future in Master of Traditional Crafts for this way 40 years.

     

    The softness and strength of willow

    "It will make person come near very softly visually. But it is Masao Yagita of Master of Traditional Crafts to say, material itself is strong very firmly. Appearance was shiny softly indeed, and let the cool sometimes feel, but did well when touched; make. "Good material calls Yagita characteristic of *yanagisaiko". In the first place what is *yanagi? *yanagi is "osier" of the willow family willow genus. Unlike willow which common branch suspends, it is fallen leaves shrub to grow in waterside. Absorbency is high and has characteristic that insect is hard to come near to. Therefore we have been used for materials of clothes box and lunch box. When it is dry, we are very obstinate, but it softens when we include moisture and becomes easy to process.

    Work scenery of knitting composing type

    Time-consuming cultivation, changing screens

    Of demand when it is a lot, raw materials are collected in Toyooka from the whole country, and there was not that have trouble with raw materials, but cultivate thing to produce in oneself now. If we plant in field, and we harvest in autumn and let you go in winter and do every year, and it is also in spring, we put by two or three in rice field. Then sprout appears, and sap turns around, and it becomes easy to come off between skin and stem. "It is only this time. Easily coming off. Yagita explains the delicate timing saying we bark then. In addition, after having barked, we wash neatly in river and drop slime and we dry in the shade and seem to use Doyo after being over. Raw materials set up things which they tore from big thing thin. We make while getting materials wet in water when we make, but it is said that we often work without touching air conditioner even in the summer as we are tense when we dry and become hard to work. It is very time-consuming work, but it may be said that it becomes depth of the depths of *yanagisaiko.

    Passage of times

    We were pressed after the war by production of shopping bag and baskets, and demand did not come off at the time of oil crisis of 1973 either. But demand suddenly came off when a large quantity of products were imported by 52-53 age Chugoku of the Showa era. "It was really tough then. It might be said that we processed half-finished goods from Chugoku in Toyooka among them. Yagita who looks back on those days saying cheap one was supported even if it is goods of poor quality.

    Attache case of *yanagisaiko

    Tradition that is succeeded

    The significance of existence came to cannot but change by demand decrease. In other words, it is switches from daily necessity to industrial art object. How do you convey value that characteristic of original osier has? Do you bring up person odononoyoni succeeding tradition? Yagita is telling 11 people with 30 people, specialized person course with beginner course now. It is promoted 2 to 3 persons at any time from beginner course to specialized person course. A lot of new attempts are performed there. It is dyeing with vegetable dyes, lacquer dyeing. Dyeing with vegetable dyes makes giant butterbur azalea Sonchus asper fern with white-backed leaves willow oak waste raw materials. Lacquer is based on cashew now. Form is arranged by modern type, and free work is created. Class true most are housewife, and the quality takes place of industrial arts person, writer rather than work of conventional craftsman. Traditional Craft gets participation of newly citizen's level and is reborn. It breathed again.

    Scenery during scholar of specialty course class

    Craftsman profile

    Masao Yagita (goat lump pole)

    1926 (1926) birth.
    It is Master of Traditional Crafts more than *yanagisaiko 40 years. The staff of industrial arts instruction place of prefecture was done for many years. What is told with love and enthusiasm comes.

    Gleanings

    Escape from "light before wind" state

     

    • *yanagisaiko of form of animal

    • Director Eiichi Tanaka

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Toyooka Kiryu Zaiku
Phonetic symbol toyookakiryuzaiku
Classification of industrial art object Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
Main product Wicker trunk (yanagikouri), baskets
Main production area Hyogo / Toyooka-shi, Yabu-shi, Kami-cho, Mikata-gun
The designation date October 8, 1992

Contact information

■local production associations

heikoken*yanagiseihinkyodokumigo
〒668-0801
1362, Akaishi, Toyooka-shi, Hyogo
TEL: 0796-23-3821
FAX: 0796-24-0913

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

In technique of basket knitting by hand of craftsman one by one, there are six kinds of cable stitches, side knitting (sokuami) 33 kinds, marriage (fuchigumi) 18 kinds while making use of taste of lumber, the strongly flexible texture, softness and tenacity, and various works are completed by intention of person producing.

The basket-making techniques employed by craftsmen hand-weaving individual pieces highlighting the flavor of the natural wood, its strong and supple texture as well as its softness and resilience, include six kinds of cable stitches, 33 kinds of platting stitches and 18 kinds of joints which make it possible to create a variety of different objects.

How to make

It softens when we dip *yanagisaiko into water that osier and rattan (father) last and, using property to be tense when we dry, knits. Wicker boxes edit willow in hemp thread and they go and finish border hook. After bottom knitting, shoe tree have and fixes baskets in cable stitch after ritsushinkyoku ge (tateshimmage) and performs side knitting and pulls shoe tree if we finish knitting and we perform marriage and finish, and finish in work using various technique at each stage.

Kiryu zaiku is woven taking advantages of the properties of “kori-yanagi” willow and rattan woods, which soften when soaked in water and harden when dried. Wicker cases and bags are made by weaving willow pieces together with hemp yarn and finished by hooking the edges. As for baskets, after the bottom has been woven, they are attached to a wooden mold, fixed in place by tying them with rope and after the sides are woven the wooden mold is removed and joining is done; they are then completed with a variety of techniques being used at each stage.

Voice from production center

Special ingredient is included in osier and may not keep bad company. It is colored naturally over time and becomes tasteful. You are old and you dip into tepid water and wash wicker box which turned black, and please dry in the shade. We become beautiful beyond recognition. After having washed, please completely dry thing which installed rice. Mold occurs when we put with getting wet.

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