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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Katsuyama Take ZaikuKatsuyama Bamboo Basketry

Katsuyama Take Zaiku begins in 19 turns of the century, and it may be said that form as production center was regulated well in last years of Edo era.
"soke" which is main product bamboo basket which "cho comes so", and to is called by considered that we were made as thing in conjunction with "meal loosen" in last years of Edo era is informed to date.

Essentially speaking, Katsuyama Take Zaiku started at the beginning of the 19th century but became an established area of production at the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), when baskets known as harisouke were made. These are thought to be associated with souke and meshizouke baskets that are still being made today and form the main bulk of production, which maintains the standards of a practical craft product throughout.
The baskets are simple with an undeniable presence and have a reputation for their durability and being easy to use.

Given its unique qualities, bamboo has many practical uses and can be utilized to make many, many items to be used in the home, either in a Japanese or western setting. In addition to the more traditional baskets, there are some for bread, decoration, and for flowers.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    "We make" is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Use "suntake" for "suntori ri".

     
    (2)
    After having done "washing", "we sharpen acromere" and grind "wild quota".

     
    (3)
    "Inner segment miss" "is width decision" and "ring bamboo" structure do "chamfering". In this case, do "pair cut" when "we receive meal" and there is "soke" to thing to use in "rise to U.S., putting up".

     
    (4)
    "We pass and are scattered" "is width decision" and "outer ring" structure do "chamfering". In this case, do "edge cut" when you are to thing to use for "soke" and "meal loosen".

     
    (5)
    "It is private", and "it is thickness decision" "is width decision" and structure do "chamfering". In this case, do "edge cut" when you are to thing to use for "soke" and "meal loosen".

     
    (6)
    "It is thickness decision" "is width decision" and "ear bamboo" structure do "thin at the rate of". In this case, do "edge cut" when you are to thing to use for "soke" and "meal loosen".

     
    (7)
    "It is width decision" "is scattered" and "core bone" and "small bone" structure do "it is thickness decision". In this case, do "it stop and makes" when there is to thing to use for "groove tray".

     
    (8)
    "It is thickness decision" "is width decision" and, as for "higo" structure, "we pass and are scattered" perform "quota" of "chamfering". In this case, do "thin at the rate of" when "we receive meal" and there is "soke" to thing to use in "rise to U.S., putting up".

     
    (9)
    "We pass and are scattered" "is width decision" and "outside expectation" and "inner expectation" structure do "chamfering". When you look good with "outside expectation", do "edge cut".

     
    (10)
    "We ask, but "we have cramped" and are", and, as for the structure, "it is thickness decision" do "it is width decision" "chamfering" and "edge collecting".

     
    (11)
    "Foot" structure "cuts deep" and do "chamfering".

     
    (12)
    "It is thickness decision" "is width decision" and "wedge" structure do "edge cut".

    2
    "Knitting" is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Do "ring structure".

     
    (2)
    After having done "middle group", "you tear small bone" and do "higo knitting". In this case, "middle group" and "higo knitting" are things by "mat eyes knitting".

    3
    "Cleared out" is thing by "expectation cleared out".

    4
    When "it be saved by seeing" and looks good, do "wedge enter".

    Raw materials

    It be said that bamboo to use has materials which are equal to common Japanese bamboo or this.

     

  • Work scenery

    So that warm warmth of craftsman totally comes when we touch Katsuyama Take Zaiku. With traditional handicraft, we are all in love by handwork that one article of one article is polite. The work washes cutting, bamboo and breaks bamboo and we knit and can divide into four roughly with group.

    Process 1: We wash cutting, bamboo

    At first we cut and bring down bamboo in hacksaw (cook and go down saw) from Takebayashi, but time that is under bamboo here is the most important. It is in blight when we cut at bad time and is connected in quality decreasing. Spend time to be under every year in December from November. We cut bamboo for one year at this time and save in the good shade of ventilation. We wash bamboo with scrubbing brush roughly before beginning work next. We remove dirts which bamboo got neatly in this way.

    Process 2: We break bamboo

    We break bamboo successively and begin work. At first we chop thing which we cut to around 5 meters according to the article from approximately 1 meter with hatchet (machete) for exclusive use of bamboo to two. Wild at the rate of means this work. It is important that hatchet of this time is not too sharp. As it becomes the cause of injury when we can finish remaining too much, we do for moderate sharpness addition and subtraction. And we say piece of wood and make the bamboo which we broke a thinner one this time. At this time, hatchet to use uses thing which we polished well so as to be able to shave mustache contrary to thing like point. Sharpness of hatchet seems to influence luster of product. We make part of relationship of bone and finish and make thin kushitehigomo more in this way.

    We use surface blue part of bamboo for bamboo work. Therefore, finished product is tinged with fresh and young bright green in beginning, and blue flavor of bamboo drifts gushingly, but while we continue using, it is gradually in reddish yellow and is shiny. Both have each charms, and it may say to become color that it may pass through time it is blue, and to be young of beginnings when it is pleasure to use. In addition, even small things such as rice may not be caught as higono side is taken by traditional industrial art object one by one.
    At first beginner begins to learn from work to arrange to perform next. It is more difficult to break bamboo, and weight is big again, too. It is said that the acquisition of work to fall below this bamboo takes 2-3 years.

    Process 3: Group of knitting

    We begin work at last to edit bamboo in this way. At first we say for shi and decide frame based on dimensions of bamboo from exclusive old days. On sokonihigoo length, we let bone go through aside. Movement of finger of both hands to kick for konohigooyori of craftsman of this time can say only wonderfully. We move to work called middle composing type next. Bone nihigoo is turn maintaining this time.

    It is knob of bamboo to become problem here, but lets you strain as if and we prepare gnarl or delicately moving on purpose, and it being likely. It is right place becoming your chance to show what you can do to be able to say expert technique.
    We add tohigoo in sequence and knit in this way while always warning overall form. It is place good again of bamboo that some corrections work when we do not like form in spite of being knitting. Point that they get nervous, and part and the very last finish are important of corner. The quality of product is fixed here. We use bamboo clothes box (is spelled) which after all was removed in place of local Katsuyama of nature for rim. Thing using bamboo clothes box is appointed to traditional industrial art object to this edge part. Thing which tied rim with wire becomes informal.

    Process 4: Completion

    We spend trouble time of craftsman and at last are completed in this way.

     
  • Close-up

    The beauty and the skill, Katsuyama Take Zaiku of common Japanese bamboo

    "soke" which there is in farmhouse of any place. The form which does not change all the time from old days of farmers simply because is convenient. It is Katsuyama Take Zaiku that made expensive industrial art object of utility level of natural art by the skill of takumi with this simplicity.

     

    Village, Katsuyama of long classic bamboo work

    Katsuyamacho that is located in the northern part of Okayama by car from the Okayama city for approximately two hours. Katsuyama Take Zaiku is made in this quiet mountain village. On earth it is not sure what who introduced technique of bamboo work into this ground. However, it is thin, and it is said that this skill was introduced into craftsman from craftsman again for 160-170 years. It remains for documents that life was managed as village of bamboo work in last years of Edo era.

    Cityscape of atmospheric Katsuyama

    Various bamboo work products which matched life scene

    "Groove reputation" "large zoke" "bei*kago" familiar in farmyard point and "meal basket." This is four items appointed by traditional industrial art object. It is useful for engineering works work use when we carry the earth and sand as vegetables case again let alone cereals such as rice these. In addition, thing of various designs including "vase" which practical "waste basket" "bread basket" "height basket" and tea-ceremony room look good with "Suehiro" and "loach basket" of folk crafts "fish basket" well is made in total by tide in the times. He/she makes approximate bamboo work by order. We peddled widely and sold these to five prefectures of Chugoku, and it became popular, and Katsuyama Take Zaiku won fame by good point and the durability of the convenience.

    Product of completed Katsuyama Take Zaiku

    Common Japanese bamboo which grew up quickly and healthily in Katsuyama

    Charm of Katsuyama Take Zaiku is point using common Japanese bamboo and bamboo clothes box (is spelled) removed from local Takebayashi with the splendid skill of expert craftsman. There is Takebayashi in the immediate back of work place, and excellent deep-blue bamboo soars. Among this bamboo, we cut only thing for five years from three years. This is because bamboo like it is the best in elasticity and tenacity, luster. After all, according to the material, good or bad of product has a big time. It is shiny with tenacity, and interval with knob and knob is long, and the root of bamboo is big, and it grows straight obediently, and it is common Japanese bamboo that meet condition of all the thing ... this and others of bamboo of good quality besides. In addition, we influence the quality by growth place, but common Japanese bamboo suitable for bamboo work is brought up in comfortable nature of Katsuyama. Time when important one cuts bamboo next. Of time when cut when is bad, there might be drop and blight of quality. From November through December, we cut bamboo becoming materials every year. At this time, we store bamboo which we cut into the good shade of ventilation and employ throughout the year. It seems to be password of craftsmen "to cut bamboo to see good bamboo at good time".

    Common Japanese bamboo of raw materials and original dimensions

    Encounter of flexible green bamboo and expertise

    When one step sets foot in work place, it is comfortable on nose without refreshing flavor of green bamboo being able to be called anything. Kawamoto is great veteran called this way 50 years. Because both father and grandfather were bamboo work craftsmen, it is said that nature and oneself advanced to this way. Though approximate work comes to be possible properly alone, for approximately five years, who may see; it is said that need five years more to come to be able to work. We handle bamboo delicately indeed so as not to be able to imagine from the rustic hand when we stare at his hand. Expertise will mean such a thing.
    When "it was possible for one's thing which we liked to be glad. In addition, it was seen visitor who used habitually from distant place and was particular when you were able to praise." Kawamoto who changes completely with working earnest expression falling below bamboo, and talks with smile. One hard adversely "work to wash bamboo at cold time of the depth of winters. It is not cold and has a pain. Actually, it means, I may cut hand. However, across such a hard work, joy when one's convincible thing was made will be how big. Many completed bamboo works representing beautiful curve. When hand of Kawamoto costs, bamboo seems to be handled freely. However, stubbornness thing which it is to understand if we touch a little, but does not hear that elasticity is strong as for it and says easily. Happy encounter with the skill of strong bamboo of this elasticity and expert takumi. This will be Katsuyama Take Zaiku.

    Takebayashi behind the work place

    Charm of bamboo that luster appears with time

    By work of bamboo at the rate of, we use knives such as four kinds of machete or saw for bamboo. In addition, we do not use rulers such as scales and use original thing which added mark to traditional bamboo. Work of Katsuyama Take Zaiku acquires by experience with skin not dimensions method and is episode to show thing called work to tell with skin, and to tell plainly, and this is interesting.
    Deep-blue new bamboo work product is attractive, but time passes and changes color brown, and it breeds in attachment with the flavor still more again when shiny. High quality common Japanese bamboo naradeha where it was selected carefully as for this. The skill of craftsman and love of person to employ increase there, and Katsuyama Take Zaiku will take on brightness more.

    Kawamoto of wonderful counterattack

    Craftsman profile

    Takeshi Kawamoto ten

    Veteran of this way 50 years. It is craftsman of bamboo work, and sales manager of Katsuyama bamboo work cooperative association is held an additional post of, too.

    Gleanings

    Effect of bamboo to make use of in living

    Bamboo which is representative who is said to be pine, bamboo, and plum, and is happy of the things. We are always deep-blue and will be thing which came heartily of people who pray when we want to share powerful vitality to grow up in approximately three years without its resisting winter cold, and compromising with snow. It is such a bamboo, but people sharing power of bamboo charcoal are increasing rapidly as well as bamboo recently! With bamboo charcoal, we roasted bamboo in 900 degrees or more and had charcoal. There should be small hole in length and breadth closely and knows when we see the state with microscope. The number of these holes is said to be 2.5 times of bincho charcoal how. If if stock when cook rice for deodorization, dehumidification of room, is fluffy; to delicious rice with full of mineral.

    • To Takebayashi effect of forest bathing

    • Bamboo product which breathes to live

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Katsuyama Take Zaiku
Phonetic symbol katsuyamatakezaiku
Classification of industrial art object Woodcraft, Bamboo Craftwork
Main product Receive soke, meal, and putting up float meter; bread basket, seikago, vase, wall hangings
Main production area Okayama / Maniwa-shi
The designation date August 3, 1979

Contact information

■local production associations

(Katsuyama Take Zaiku) Katsuyama, Maniwa-shi bureau general affairs promotion section
〒717-0013
53-1, Katsuyama, Maniwa-shi, Okayama
TEL: 0867-44-2607
FAX: 0867-44-4569

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

It focuses on practical use industrial art object and continues producing consistently. There is presence in the simple inside, and product has a good reputation for usability and robustness. From taste to have of material called bamboo, there is available utilization-related area on Japanese and Western dining tables.

The main article are uniform products manufactured for practical uses. These products possess impressive qualities in spite of their rustic appearance and have a reputation for being sturdy and easy to use. Bamboo’s special flavor makes it suitable to be used for a wide range of Japanese and Western-style tables.

How to make

Materials are bamboo called common Japanese bamboo. Doing uses sarashi (leave) without skinner performing gimo. We make, and process is greatly divided into process and knitting, mop-up process. We make and, by process, do dimensions collecting depending on part to use for kind and size, product of product in "suntake" (suntake) and we rub with straw which touched water and drop dirt and perform "at the rate of" "to sharpen" in traditional technique depending on use. By knitting, mop-up process, we finish in technique such as "making of ring" "mat eyes knitting" according to product.

The special type of bamboo used is called “madake” (phyllostachys bambusoides). It is used as is, without being bleached or stripped of its bark. The manufacturing process can be roughly divided into a preparation stage and a weaving/general finishing stage. In the preparation stage, dimensions are calculated by "measuring bamboo” depending on product type, size and components used, dirt is rubbed off with wet straw and traditional "shaving"and "splitting" techniques are applied depending on the final use of the pieces. In the weaving/general finishing stage, the products are finished with the help of techniques such as "wheel-making"and "mat plaiting" depending on the specific product.

Voice from production center

We can wash Katsuyama Take Zaiku in water. But please dry well without ranking water for a long time after having washed.

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