Sanjyo ButsudanSanjo Household Buddhist Altars

Article 3 district was said to be "French capital Article 3", and it was in the middle, and, in prosperous land of Buddhism, temple which had hall Buddhist monastery (do not feel that how about) said to be the Hokuriku first was built in the Edo era.
On building, a lot of craftsmen of local Article 3 participated with carpenter specializing in building shrines and temples, cabinetmaker, conduct, instruction of master of decoration metal fittings (decoration iron skewer) that we called together from Kyoto.
Production of Household Buddhist Altars began with the Jodo Shin sect of Buddhism around this temple spreading out to people afterwards in this area. Base as current production center was established in the middle of this Edo era.

The area known as Sanjo has always been strongly associated with Buddhism, sometimes known as the ""capital"" of the faith. This is partly evidenced by the building during the 18th century of the Hokuriku region's finest piece of temple architecture.
Directly associated with the head temple in Kyoto, it is little wonder that many fine carpenters, cabinet makers, and decorative craftsmen came from the old capital for the erection of this monastic edifice and instructed the many local craftsmen who were also involved. As the numbers of believers in Jodo Shinshu centered on this temple increased, the making of household altars in the area also rose and it was developments at this time which still stand as the foundations of today's production center.

The orthodox inner sanctuary is constructed faithfully modeling real temple architecture, and the reputation of these household altars with their fine lacquer work, gilding and superb fittings is well established.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    Structure of "bare wood" is sectional thing by "tenon composing type".

    Throw, "throw bracken type, and "throw bow shape, and do" doing or do"; tosurukoto.

    Palace structure is thing by "Masu composing type" or "grip of a hand mill Masu composing type".

    Assume the painting purified lacquered hand coating.

    Do lacquer work and gold leaf push.

    Raw materials

    Assume bare wood material having materials which are equal to Japanese white pine, cedar, hoo, drill, zelkova, hinoki, ginkgo or yew or these.

    Metal fittings have materials which are equal to copper or copper compound metal or these; being made of metal.

    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

  • Work scenery

    Process 1: The making of bare wood

    Using wood selected carefully, we finish the body of Household Buddhist Altars by tenon assembling (we dig out tree without using nail with style same as construction of temple and fit and put together).

    Process 2: The making of palace

    Temple palace just by Class Masu is sectional, and make up magnificence of palace.

    Process 3: Sculpture

    We choose design and carve in relief using several kinds of chisels in wood.

    Process 4: The making of metal fittings

    We build up by traditional hand-kneaded technique using several kinds of gravers to copper, copper compound metal.

    Process 5: Coating

    We give hand coating technology for several times and, using natural lacquer, finish lacquering.

    Process 6: Lacquer work

    We finish using technique of lacquer work in grand flat lacquering, rust.

    Process 7: Foil push

    Using pure gold leaf, we add the splendor to Household Buddhist Altars in technique of koo, o matting.

    Process 8: Assembling

    We make up each finished component from division of labor exactly while adjusting small part and become "Sanjyo Butsudan" as finished product.


  • Close-up

    Sanjyo Butsudan to enshrine by the skill that only craftsman can do

    Household Buddhist Altars which we exist too commonly too much and do not readily stop in mind. But when peep out a little, the world that is profound forever in there. We focused on part of metal fittings of the Household Buddhist Altars here and heard story from Yamaura of Tanaka and painter of master of metal fittings.


    After all town of hardware, characteristic of Article 3 are metal fittings

    Excellent production center, Niigata of Household Buddhist Altars . One of three Household Buddhist Altars which caught designation of Officially designated Traditional craft products is this Sanjyo Butsudan. Town which is famous for hardware speaking of Article 3 nationwide. After all, as for the Household Buddhist Altars which prospered in such Article 3 from the Edo era, idea is punished by metal fittings. Saying, on "metal fittings of Household Buddhist Altars , see outside door, and there are metal fittings and metal fittings in nakaniaru, and make it separately one by one."; Tanaka of Master metal fittings. Small thing can show big thing metal fittings of form that varies in size from small to large, and is different to around 30 centimeters from around 5 centimeters. "Master of metal fittings often does it plenty. At first you must be able to write pattern of metal fittings that is picture. Then there are metal engraving technology, technique of chemistry more, too. Finally, you must add color to metal fittings."

    It is full of tools in factory, drawer in Tanaka

    We know which you use even if there are 100 immediately

    By the way, these metal fittings section, how will work be pushed forward concretely? At first we take dimensions based on sketch and do model charge account on copperplate. "We think about it and pull line how you get without waste on one piece of copperplate most if you put together." "We take copter and carve rim of one metal fitting with graver" afterwards each. When open drawer lining right next to Tanaka, the tip is loose; crescentic; was curved; "take copter, and graver" is received like mountain. We find out one thing identical to curve that "takes copter, and was described in sketch from graver" to well exceed these 100. Though "it will seem to be tough, in fact, it is not so. Oh, it is revealed that this curve is him even if we do not look for so much when we do it for years. This is because it made by oneself. We make with this, file having been ruined." It is tool modattatoiuwakeda as well as metal fittings that master of metal fittings makes. We cannot hide surprise to area of width of the work.

    We take, and copter that 100 well exceed is hoop

    When exercise suryadekirukotodakedo is not an expert, it is not worked

    We take copter and carve next with pencil in copter inward if we write design. We tap with hammer (hammer) over copperplate with graver to the left hand tap-tap. We hit small point of around 2 millimeters without cease continually and create lines. We fill up gap where we stayed when we carve pattern with fish child (cry). Because "round points form a line like child of fish neatly, and this enters, fish child says. This needs technique plenty. Because it should be some speed." We cut copter after this and fix form and we carve metal and are finished. And it is oxidation and sulfuration in total and touches color in use place of metal fittings and is completion.

    We want to clarify difference by really good work

    Still, it is all these trouble with one metal fitting of Household Buddhist Altars . It can nod that handmade Household Buddhist Altars is expensive. Saying is saying "Household Buddhist Altars is something like lump of pay."; Yamaura of painter. "We become able to make metal fittings with press, and cost falls recently. There is considerably import from Chugoku." Wave of the times named reduction spreading through all industries of Traditional Craft. Yamaura talks in this way while continuing looking at the Household Buddhist Altars industry which changed with change of time. "Everybody did the best to make cheap thing, but cannot match cheap country of wage very much even if we do to manufacturing in a plant. It is Chugoku nikanaikkoarimasen in cost. We think that we already plan differentiation in this time and cannot but survive. You do good work and should clarify difference. Such a demand thinks in it that absolute."

    Work which concentrated design everywhere of Household Buddhist Altars

    Article 3 is interesting simply because we do it in individuals

    Good such craftsman thing is originality. When "it is press, we come to make bare wood to it. Then, there is not originality and cannot make at choice. We want to make original."
    Sanjyo Butsudan which can carry through proper work for intention of craftsman individual simply because it is small production center.
    Yamaura with pride, "Traditional Craft is gathered in Household Buddhist Altars ." "It is end for the times when we say, and thing is reviewed of handicraft which is done simply because it is the collection of expert technique unless craftsman is even if sometimes recognized by the world. Work of craftsman is division of labor system. Nothing is managed even if missing. Oneself should be able to do the best until such times come."

    Craftsman profile

    Yusuke Tanaka

    Yusuke Tanaka of master of metal fittings.
    We helped father in masters of metal fittings since the age of junior high school. There is factory of Tanaka in home.

    Hideo Yamaura of painter.
    As for Yamaura, father was painter. Splendid works form a line in Household Buddhist Altars shop of Yamaura.


    Household Buddhist Altars , it are very ecological

    We seem to do not have any relation, but, Household Buddhist Altars and ecology, it is revealed at a glance that it is structure that, in fact, is eco-friendly at all by viewpoint "that "we do not worship" Household Buddhist Altars and make" when we consider. And there is Household Buddhist Altars in natural material which there is in Japan for a long time and can completely recycle. Recycling that reached Japan for some time all the time that thing which "household appliances Law for the Promotion of Utilization of Recycled Resources" means a lot can do. Household Buddhist Altars tells ecological mind handed down to Japan for a long time some other time. <material>
    Lacquer to paint the whole Household Buddhist Altars with is natural paint. As adhesive such as coating, color reckoning, gold leaf, we play various roles in one. As it is generally done hand coating, and lacquer is used as much as it is really necessary, unlike spray, there is hardly no loss. It is material very suitable for humid Japan to dry so as to be high if humid.
    Copper which is used for metal fittings of Household Buddhist Altars . Dreg after having taken model of metal fittings gathers and is sold. Talk about resources and seem to be 10,000-20,000 yen a year if we distribute garbage if we throw away when we sell. As copper after having taken model does not have impurities, it has good quality and we dissolve immediately and are used.
    Important tool, graver of master of metal fittings. We also dissolve this and can make graver of another cut end. In addition, we dissolve file which we did not use and seem to be able to make.
    Gold leaf which is put on Household Buddhist Altars . Supplier coming to collect little gold leaf which splashed on room to put money on exists. As this is not also mixed with impurities except money, pawn does not fall.

    • We can dismantle this Household Buddhist Altars , all.

    • The right is waste of copper sheet with brass (brass) the left



Industrial art object name Sanjyo Butsudan
Phonetic symbol sanjobutsudan
Classification of industrial art object Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings
Main product Gold Household Buddhist Altars , religion tool
Main production area Niigata / Niigata-shi, Sanjo-shi, Tsubame-shi
The designation date October 16, 1980

Contact information

■local production associations

Article 3, swallow, Nishikan Household Buddhist Altars association
1-2-40, Suidocho, Tsubame-shi, Niigata
The high three Household Buddhist Fittings shop
TEL: 080-1195-9445
FAX: 0256-62-3756

■Associated exhibit space, facility


We make legitimate palaces (eat we do not appear) which we make a model of structure of temple palace and respected and have a good reputation for this grand lacquering, gold leaf push, superior decoration metal fittings.

Sanjyo butsudan features an orthodox Kuden palace which closely adheres to architecture of an actual Buddhist temple. Additionally with refined lacquering, gold leaf and exquisite gold finishings, Sanjyo butsudan have a long established reputation of superb quality.

How to make

After producing Household Buddhist Altars bare wood, and having completed sculpture, we dismantle bare wood which we assembled by method of composing type called group of mind and put processing of the honesty groundwork and we paint with various lacquer and dry. After having dried, we put gold dust, gold leaf and give lacquer work and we attach metal fittings to each part and assemble and complete.

First the base of the altar is assembled using mortise and tenon joining, and the wooden sculptured decorations carved. After the base is assembled, it is then disassembled and each piece is coated and lacquered individually, and allowed to dry. After the pieces have dried, gold powder and leaf are applied, Maki-e is painted, gold finishings are attached and then the altar is reassembled to complete the process.

Voice from production center

Let's keep in mind not to touch to gold leaf part.

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