skills and techniques
Structure of "bare wood" is sectional thing by "tenon composing type".
Palace structure is thing by "Masu composing type".
Assume the painting purified lacquered hand coating.
Do lacquer work and gold leaf push.
Hiroshima was nature of the locality that the Jodo Shin sect of Buddhism was prosperous for a long time. Early in the Edo era, we assumed techniques such as decoration metal fittings worker and round chip box worker (in the case of string comb), painter (master) who moved from Kishu the cause, and Buddhist priest called *ko (tonkou) went to Kyoto, Osaka, and skills and techniques of Hiroshima Butsudan was established afterwards by learning high production technology of Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings, and having returned.
The Meiji era began and was shipped to the whole country using convenience of transportation by water of the Seto Inland Sea, but received crushing blow in World War II. We inherited tradition past after the war and revived.
The Jodo Shinshu of Buddhism has found favor among the people in Hiroshima for any hundreds of years. At the beginning of the 17th century a number of artisans skilled in making decorative fittings, braided cords and lacquerers moved into the Hiroshima area from Kishu, and it was their skills that became the foundation of household altar making in this area.
Later on, a local monk, Tonko learned much about the making of household altars and Buddhist religious paraphernalia while in Kyoto and Osaka. It was these skills which helped to establish the making of household altars in Hiroshima after he returned. The Meiji period (1868-1912) saw the shipping of altars to many parts of Japan along sea routes through the Inland Sea but everything came to an abrupt stop with the devastation of the Second World War. The traditions of this craft were, however, revived after the war.
One of the things particularly special to Hiroshima Butsudan is the use of oyster shell that are crushed to a fine powder and applied as a ground mixed with lacquer. The top coat and the gilding are equally fine. The overall style of these altars is, however, similar to those made in Osaka.
|Industrial art object name||Hiroshima Butsudan|
|Classification of industrial art object||Household Buddhist Altars and Fittings|
|Main product||Gold Household Buddhist Altars|
|Main production area||Hiroshima / Hiroshima-shi, Mihara-shi, Fukuyama-shi, Fuchu-shi, Miyoshi-shi others|
|The designation date||February 6, 1978|
Hiroshima religion tool business and industry cooperative association
2-16, Horikawacho, Naka-ku, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima
Hiroshima Butsudan uses the whitewash groundwork (gofunshitaji) using thing which crushed husk of oyster (oyster) made specially in Hiroshima as groundwork materials finely. Of "stand to" of final coating have a good reputation for technique, and is superior in technique of gold leaf push. Form is similar to Osaka model.
“Gofun” chalk base made from finely crushed oyster shells, a Hiroshima specialty, is used as base element in Hiroshima butsudan. The "vertical coating" top coating technique employed has a very good reputation and the gold embossing techniques used are very advanced. Design and shapes are similar to those of Osaka’s altars.
Production process is division of labor. We are divided into each post at bare wood section, palace (we eat do not appear) section, sculpture section, metal fittings section, lacquer work section, lacquering section. Using materials which are equal to cedar, pine, hinoki or these to raw materials in the bare wood section by tenon composing type is sectional, and make. We arrange palace section by masu composing type. Lacquering section is in charge of final coating and gold leaf push from the groundwork. We prepare thing made in each section and do in one Household Buddhist Altars .
The manufacturing process is based on a division of roles. The departments involved are the wood base preparation department, the shrine making department, the sculpture department, the ornamental fittings department, the gold-sprinkled lacquer department and the lacquering department. The wooden base preparation department creates groove-and-tenon dovetail assemblable prefabricated sets using cedar, pine, cypress wood or similar materials. Shrine department produces using square framing. The lacquering department is in charge of all intermediate steps between base coating and top coating as well as gold embossing. All components manufactured by each department are then assembled into a single altar.
As Hiroshima Butsudan uses glue to groundwork materials, prevent you from putting in humid place for a long time. In addition, please consult with Household Buddhist Altars specialty store because there is reproduction repair even if we are used for a long time and are hurt, and parts are broken.