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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Etchu WashiEtchu Paper

It is written down in ancient documents such as "Shoso-in documents" written in the Nara era about Ecchu country (etchunokunigami).
In addition, Washi Paper is written down as the crops to put in "Engi era type" (engishiki) for tax written in the Heian era, and there is the extremely old history.
Washi Paper of the Yao district is used for various things including medical use from the Edo era, and Washi Paper of flat village is produced as paper to use in Kaga feudal clan flourishingly and is inherited today.

Written during the Nara period (710-794), reference is made to papers from this area in such ancient documents to be found in the Shosoin Repository in Nara. Further evidence of the long history of Etchu Washi can also be found in the Heian period (794-1185) document on court protocol, the Engishiki, in which it is recorded that paper was used to pay taxes.
From the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868) traditional papers from the Yao district were used in various ways including to wrap medicines; and papers from Tairamura village were produced in large quantities for the local Kaga clan that ruled the area of present-day Ishikawa prefecture. It is the legacy of all these traditional papers that has been handed down to us today.

A great variety of Etchu Washi are being produced at the present time including traditional translucent papers for the shoji screens of the traditional house, hanshi or common form of writing paper, lantern paper as well as modern calligraphy papers, printing papers and over 100 colored papers. In addition to these the strong supple paper mulberry or kozo papers are sold all over the country for making stencil papers.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Paper making is thing by the next technique or technique.

     
    (1)
    Thing by "we drain creation of dried laver" or "we save creation of dried laver."

     
    (2)
    Mat use thing bamboo or made of lawn.

     
    (3)
    "We work out" use hibiscus.

    2
    Drying is thing by "board airing" or "iron plate drying".

    Raw materials

    Assume main material paper mulberry, paper bush or Lychnis coronata.

  • Work scenery

    Becoming raw materials Paper mulberry (ask), unsized silk paper (gampi), mitsumata (three-pronged). The making of Washi Paper harvests cultivated Paper mulberry in about November and dries and begins from place that removes outside Boletopsis leucomelas (rolls up Paper mulberry).

    Process 1: We expose water immersion or snow

    We soften dried white skin. There is snow-white Washi Paper in snowy much Mt. Goka by exposing to snow

    Process 2: Dish simmered in carefully (shajuku)

    We boil with solution of caustic soda or soda ash for two hours

    Process 3: It goes without lye and washes

    We pull lye well

    Process 4: Bleaching cleaning

    Shoji paper bleaches with bleaching powder and sodium hypochlorite

    Process 5: Dustpan

    When fiber has wound and garbage, we dip underwater and remove wound and garbage carefully at finger-tip as clean paper does not have

    Process 6: Beat (whether like that)

    We untie fiber in breakthrough machine and beater. When we beat and swat, fiber is stimulated, and tenacity comes out

    Process 7: Papermaking

    We fill sukiso (ship) with water and put wood pulp and nere (hibiscus viscous liquid) and we make and we scoop wood pulp liquid and shake using mat and figure (we drain and make). We pile up one piece of paper which we made (paper floor (shito)). Washi Paper to make per day, and to put up is 200-300 pieces

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 8: Compression

    We squeeze water of paper floor that we make the next day and put up after 1st

    Process 9: Drying

    We tear off one piece of paper which we compressed and hang on top plate and the board and dry

    Process 10: Sorting

    Thickness does not have unevenness, or wound is clean, or sort by one piece severely

    Process 11: Printing

    In the case of design, we do printing (profiling → paste holder → Mizumoto)

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 12: Shipment

    In the case of shoji paper, we ship after the cutting

     

  • Close-up

    Snow and water, hand wazaga texture eggplant Etchu Washi

    Yao Washi Paper, Mt. Goka Washi Paper, Birutani (birudan) Washi Paper. The making of original Washi Paper has been inherited in three areas in Ecchu. Dignity and personality that are dignified in Etchu Washi made with mountain (mountain fits) that snow is deep by hand of person who got close to nature and high quality Paper mulberry (we ask) are indicated.

     

    Yatsuomachi known as "tray of straw style" is village of Washi Paper

    Mountains of Hida and Yatsuomachi located midway of Toyama plains prospered as production center of medicine bag of "over-the-counter drug of Toyama". * was able to be broken, "there is no house which does not make 1,000 Yao mountain villages, paper", but leaves two places of papermaking ground now. We heard story from one Taiki Yoshida of "Keiju building".

    Washi Paper made from Paper mulberry which we exposed to snow is very durable

    Durable Washi Paper which is made from high quality Paper mulberry

    Etchu Washi varies in characteristic of product every production center. Yao Washi Paper is called "Yao folk handicraft paper", and production of colored paper and industrial arts paper, design paper by printing and Washi Paper artefact is prosperous, too. On the other hand, as for Mt. Goka Washi Paper and Birutani Washi Paper, shoji paper and painting and calligraphic work paper, publication paper occupy the mainstream. When, as for what is common, and can say, it is "characteristic that is strong from background that has been used as life article"; Yoshida.

    Workshop which was chased for carp streamer production

    Technique from old days to know property of plant thoroughly

    What is used as raw materials of Washi Paper other than "Paper mulberry" "unsized silk paper" (gampi) and "mitsumata" (three-pronged). And one which is indispensable to make uniform paper "nere." Transparent viscous liquid which crushes root of "hibiscus" of mallow family, and soaks in water, and was made is "nere". By one piece just piles up paper which we made, but, strangely, does not stick. There seems to be property to arrive each other, and to separate though it is sticky to hibiscus. While Yoshida touches in "nere", "old person is great. It is intellect ttorumonna with property of plant well. Because we only inherited the technique, there was toshimijimi word.

    The feel of "nere" was right tororo itself

    It is three years by ascetic practices of dyeing with living national treasure

    Yoshida jumps out after the graduation from university once in the outside world. It is one which trained itself of dyed goods with Serizawa kei Kai who is living national treasure for three years. Dyeing industrial artist that Serizawa produced original work by performing all the processes of printing by oneself. Yao Washi Paper has much production of design, and it is said that the last experience affects the making of later Washi Paper of Yoshida very much.

    The making of design to establish color carefully one by one

    Technique called "print" to use paper pattern and resist style seaweed for to design is taken. We make design and carve model and put seaweed on part not to add color to, and be dyed, and work to touch in water, and to drop seaweed is repeated. Work is pushed forward one by one while drying one color of one color. This work is technique that has been inherited from old days, too. After all Yoshida spoke of "old person being great" here.

    Work process that was made with Washi Paper doll

    We want to convey charm of Washi Paper

    At "Keiju building," we open exhibit space "Washi Paper library" of making paper by hand Washi Paper to the public. Various documents and works which father, Keisuke of Yoshida collected from the country, foreign territory form a line. There is work of above-mentioned Serizawa kei Kai in showpiece, too. Yoshida "cannot let culture to have the history disgrace of 1200 while seeing display though paper is not daily necessity now. He/she told with ... if we could tell charm of Washi Paper which was a part of the life to many people for a long time.

    We were pressed at workshop for season by carp streamer production. Bright color is put in durable Washi Paper carefully. Figure of stout carp streamer was becoming to the Boy's Festival in celebration of growth of child, and I thought although being small-sized.

    Craftsman profile

    Taiki Yoshida

    It was born in 1952.
    After having studied dyed goods after the graduation from university for three years, we enter the world of papermaking. We run Keiju building.

    Gleanings

    Mt. Goka, discerning Washi Paper "endlessness paper"

    Mt. Goka which is famous for architecture with principal ridgepole is production center of Etchu Washi. One staying production farming family, the Miyamoto friend sprites continue merely protecting traditional way from the making of Paper mulberry (we ask) to papermaking in Mt. Goka and make discerning "endlessness paper".
    Begin for care for spring Paper mulberry field, and, summer mowing, autumn cutting down, is snow exposure to public ridicule ... from leatherfish in winter. The making of Washi Paper of Miyamoto is carried out by old days and manual labor not to change. We do not use medicine as much as possible either.
    Made pure Paper mulberry Washi Paper is strong and is elegant in this way. We are told, "color of sumi does not change color of paper even if we pass for nearly 1,000 years" and are useful in repair, restoration of temple and cultural assets including restoration of Katsura Rikyu Imperial Villa of Kyoto.
    True "Washi Paper craftsman" who is engaged in the making of Washi Paper, and is over 70 from words of Miyamoto. "We expose fat Paper mulberry to water and light in one year and do in Washi Paper and sincerity jirarenaihodokitsuimonjato thinks takes that we have still more in place drying properly even for oki itokimasurya, 1,000 years. It is power of nature, ... Though we cannot believe, we believe."

    • Because we do not use bleaching powder and caustic soda, paper of beauty of nature tinged with yellow is done

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Etchu Washi
Phonetic symbol etchuwashi
Classification of industrial art object Washi Paper
Main product Colored paper, painting and calligraphic work, print paper
Main production area Toyama / Asahi-machi, Shimoniikawa-gun, Yatsuomachi, Nei-gun, Higashitonami flat village
The designation date June 9, 1988

Contact information

■local production associations

Toyama Washi Paper cooperative association
〒939-2341
668-4, Yatsuomachikagamimachi, Toyama-shi, Toyama
The Keiju building
TEL: 076-455-1184
FAX: 076-455-1189

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

As for the Etchu Washi, as for the colored paper to be equal to than classic shoji paper, standard size Japanese paper, lantern, modern painting and calligraphic work, print paper and 100 kinds, multi-kinds are produced. In addition, tough paper mulberry is sold as printing picture artefact in the whole country.

Etchu Washi includes traditional paper for shoji sliding screens, calligraphy, and lanterns, as well as modern paper for books and printmaking. In total over 100 different kinds of paper including dyed paper are produced. Additionally, the tough kozo paper is also sold nationwide as processed items decorated with patterns.

How to make

In process of manufacture, dish simmered in of - paper mulberry boiling paper mulberry beats dakai carefully and we come, and papermaking (do) is similar to production centers such as drying of the whole country, but boils "study paper" and cultural assets repair paper to use on shoji of study architecture, lantern paper after it is snowy, and sarashi (we leave) did paper mulberry. In addition, we use various techniques such as dye dyeing, color dyeing for colored paper dyeing with vegetable dyes.

The production process begins with boiling the kozo, then beating it, making the paper, then letting it dry, which is the same way as paper is produced elsewhere in Japan, but the paper used for shoji screens for drawing room construction called "shoin-shi" and papers used to preserve cultural property, paper for lanterns, and more, uses kozo that has been bleached in the snow before boiling. Additionally, a variety of dyes including natural dyes, stain, and pigments are used to color the paper.

Voice from production center

There is Ecchu straw clause in Yatsuomachi of Toyama and we dance every year for from 1 to 3 on September and reveal. In addition, in the flat village, there are blue shop clause of intangible cultural asset, kokiriko clause in village and house, folk song appointed to Ainokura joining hands village and important cultural property of designated historic spot of country and is superior sightseeing spot.