Echizen WashiEchizen Paper
Beautiful princess will appear in Futoshi Oka River of this village now approximately 1,500 years ago and is informed papermaking (do) kino gi when we told. In the Nara era, we were given an important post as copying of a sutra paper to pass, and to represent o of Buddhism.
When samurai came to begin to use paper in large quantities, technique, amount of production of papermaking improved, and paper of quality that "Echizen orders" were high in came to be made and we were under the protection of the Shogunate and feudal lord as production center of paper and developed afterwards. We are strongly supported by many artists including Taikan Yokoyama, and the name is known to the whole country for modern times.
Legend has it that some 1,500 years ago, a beautiful princess came to the village of Okatagawa and taught the people there how to make paper. In the Nara period (710-794) the paper was highly respected for the copying of Buddhist sutras. Then, when paper began to be used in large quantities by the warrior class, some very high quality papers such as Echizen Hosho were produced in large amounts and using improved techniques.
It was then that the Shogunate and feudal lords gave this paper producing area their patronage and further developments were made. In more recent times many artists including the famous painter, Taikan Yokoyama, have favored Echizen Washi, which are well known throughout the country.
Epitomizing Japanese culture, Echizen Washi have an almost indescribable richness and quality springing from their strength and suppleness, while also having a fine surface quality full of warmth and texture that only handmade paper boasts. The range of papers is immense including fine art papers, printing papers and some for the printing of woodblock prints. Others are made for calligraphy, envelopes and writing paper. Exclusive papers are also made for diplomas and a fine translucent paper is produced for the sliding screens or shoji of the traditional house.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Woodcut, sliding paper-door (sliding paper-door) paper, print, certificate, calligraphy, Japanese painting, colored paper, envelope, letter paper (letter paper)
|Main production area
||Fukui / Echizen-shi
|The designation date
||June 2, 1976
■local production associations
Fukui Washi Paper industry cooperative association
8-44, Shinzaikecho, Echizen-shi, Fukui
■Associated exhibit space, facility
We have rich sensitivity of "generation" (unbleached) not to be able to express by words such as elegant temperaments filled with warmth, personality, toughness that paper itself lasts again, and "Japanese culture" is breathing Washi Paper.
This paper, infused with the spirit of Japanese culture, has an elegant, warm texture and possesses an "unbleached (kinari)" rich sensibility which words like strength or personality cannot even begin to describe.
How to make
We perform papermaking in technique such as we add viscous liquid of hibiscus to raw materials and "we drain and make" paper mulberry, paper bush, Lychnis coronata, hemp "ryu (ta) me creation of dried laver". In "creation of dried laver row (so) with materials of paper which became liquid," we delicately move tool using mat (do) of "creation of dried laver figure" (figure) by hand. In the delicate thing that we put together to move, and water of paper in "creation of dried laver figure" moves about over mat, fiber of Washi Paper is connected with each other and one piece of beautiful paper makes and goes up.
Mulberry, mitsumata (edgeworthia chrysantha), ganpi and hemp are the main raw materials to which a mucilaginous material made from tororo aoi (hibiscus) is added; they are then processed using traditional papermaking methods like “nagashi-zuki” or “tame-zuki.” After the main ingredients have been reduced to liquid form and placed in a paper-making vat (“sukiso”), they are deftly hand-stirred with a bamboo-netted tool called “sukiketa.” As the liquid pulp is moved with a subtle rocking motion around the bamboo screen of the “sukiketa,” the fibers of the paper start to entangle creating sheets of beautiful paper.
Voice from production center
In addition to making use of gentle texture and luster carefully, we build up paper bringing moisture in modern life using technique of design peculiar to Echizen Washi.