Toyohashi FudeToyohashi Brushes
Late in the Edo era, feudal lord of Yoshida feudal clan which ruled area equal to current Toyohashi-shi invites craftsman of Kyoto as brush strokes artisan (goyofudesho) making writing brush for feudal clan, and what recommended the making of writing brush as side business to lower grade samurai does by opening.
Writing brush came to be made with the manufacturing method of product rino a kind of writing brush same as current writing brush which improved core brush with a colored thread wound holder (shimmakifude) in the Meiji early years, and it was the basics of Toyohashi Fude . 375 craftsmen made with writing brush inherit traditional skills and techniques and are working hard at the making of writing brush now.
Toyohashi is situated at the center of the area which was once ruled by the Yoshida clan. Toward the end of the 18th century, the leader of the clan brought in Suzuki Jinzaemon from Kyoto, and he began making brushes for the clan. Gradually lower ranking samurai started this work and this marked the true beginnings of the craft in Toyohashi.
Toward the end of the 19th century, Haga Jirokichi promoted the making of a coreless brush called a suihitsu and the same brushes are still being made today. Jirokichi was also instrumental in giving the craft a firm base in the area, and established a scheme for the training of apprentices.
Being a style of writing brush in general use, the market for Toyohashi Fude has been greatly affected by the importing of cheaper brushes from China. A great deal of effort is therefore being made to produce top quality brushes to appeal to the Japanese user, in order to survive in a very competitive market. Various types of brushes for calligraphy and painting are still being made with unfailing diligence, following traditional methods and techniques.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Writing tools and Abacus
||Calligraphy brush strokes, slender brush, Japanese drawing pen
|Main production area
||Aichi / Toyohashi-shi, Toyokawa-shi, Gamagori-shi, Shinshiro-shi others
|The designation date
||December 15, 1976
■local production associations
■Associated exhibit space, facility
As for the Toyohashi Fude , general calligraphy brush for painting is the main constituent. In late years cheap Chugoku writing brush steps forward and receives big blow. However, we concentrate all energy on the making of high-quality article suitable for Japanese and make thing which is not defeated by Chugoku writing brush.
Calligraphy brushes are the main variety of Toyohashi Fude brushes. In recent years, cheaply-priced brushes from China have entered the market, dealing a huge blow to local producers. However, makers of Toyohashi Fude put their all into making high-quality products for Japanese consumers and in this way they are able to stand up to the Chinese brushes.
How to make
Process made with writing brush is approximately 36 processes. We sort out hair becoming raw materials when we greatly distribute and do hair fir tree and we work out and mix and fix hair. We make core with families together and wind the hair which we prepared outward as Jomo (uwage) and touch axis and we put sculpture for axis and are completed. Characteristic of how to make Toyohashi Fude is to do "kneading on fire mixing using water". It is only excellence product with handicraft which inherited traditional skills and techniques cultivated during long history.
There are 36 steps to making a brush. The major steps include sorting the hairs that will become the brush tip, cleaning the hairs by a massaging technique called kemomi, and then the hairs are put in order using a technique called nerimaze. The hairs are arranged and the core is made, which is wrapped an outside layer of hairs called uwage, then attached to a shaft, which is then engraved and then the brush is complete. A unique characteristic of Toyohashi Fude is the nerimaze step where water is used to arrange the hairs. These high quality handmade items are a result of traditional techniques and methods that have been handed down over a long history.
Voice from production center
Hair fir tree is work to massage chaff of nonglutinuous rice in ash which we burnt to remove oil content of hair of animal. In addition, the quality of writing brush is fixed by kneading on fire mixing. Please see wonderful counterattack of expert by all means.