Kawajiri FudeKawajiri Brushes
As for production center and the relation of writing brush, Kikutani high priest learned in three Sutras lays in stock of writing brush from Settsu Arima (current Hyogo) in the early 19th century, and it is said to be opening to have sold in private elementary schools of the Edo period.
In addition, it is done with opening of writing brush production what we preach that production of writing brush is advantageous to side business of the slack season for farmers, and 8, Ueno Jukichi made with business of writing brush to villager after success at the mid-19th century. Some suppliers followed and accomplished the production center formation as "Kawajiri Fude", and the name came to be known to the whole country afterwards.
It seems that the link between Kure and writing brushes dates back to when some brushes were acquired from a region of what is now Hyogo Prefecture by one Kikutani Sanzo at the beginning of the 19th century. The brushes were brought for use at the temples in the area and, as a result of this business, the advantages of actually making brushes during the slack time of the agricultural calendar were explained to the local farmers.
It was the brushes made by Ueno Yaekichi in the middle of the 19th century that marked the real beginnings of the production of what came to be known as the Kawajiri Fude. Subsequently others took up the work and gradually these brushes became known throughout the country.
The way in which the hair for these brushes is combined is not really suited to mass production methods. It does, however, produce a very high quality brush, the making of which demands very specific skills.
|Industrial art object name
|Classification of industrial art object
||Writing tools and Abacus
||Calligraphy brush strokes
|Main production area
||Hiroshima / Kure-shi
|The designation date
||August 31, 2004
■local production associations
■Associated exhibit space, facility
Technique of hair mixing called "kneading on fire mixing" (we work out and mix) is common. This technique is not suitable for mass production, but, on the other hand, completed product becomes writing brush of high quality because we need high technique.
These brushes are generally made using a hair-mixing method called “Nerimaze.” This method is not suitable for mass production; on the other hand, since it requires very advanced techniques, finished products will invariably be premium-quality brushes.
How to make
We are separated by three processes of spike production process, axis production process, completion process, but both processes are pushed forward by hand one by one by old technique and are finished after invention and the attention complicated each carefully. Raw materials use bamboo and tree to spike to master in animal hair, axis, but Kawajiri Fude continues being used for animal hair to date since we have begun to be made.
The whole process is divided into the three stages of brush neck manufacturing, shaft manufacturing and completion, in each one of which components are hand-processed one by one based on ancient techniques and completed with great care. The raw materials used are mainly, animal hairs for the brush neck and bamboo and wood for the shaft; animal hair has been used uninterruptedly from the time the first Kawajiri fude began to be produced.