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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Kawajiri FudeKawajiri Brushes

As for production center and the relation of writing brush, Kikutani high priest learned in three Sutras lays in stock of writing brush from Settsu Arima (current Hyogo) in the early 19th century, and it is said to be opening to have sold in private elementary schools of the Edo period.
In addition, it is done with opening of writing brush production what we preach that production of writing brush is advantageous to side business of the slack season for farmers, and 8, Ueno Jukichi made with business of writing brush to villager after success at the mid-19th century. Some suppliers followed and accomplished the production center formation as "Kawajiri Fude", and the name came to be known to the whole country afterwards.

It seems that the link between Kure and writing brushes dates back to when some brushes were acquired from a region of what is now Hyogo Prefecture by one Kikutani Sanzo at the beginning of the 19th century. The brushes were brought for use at the temples in the area and, as a result of this business, the advantages of actually making brushes during the slack time of the agricultural calendar were explained to the local farmers.
It was the brushes made by Ueno Yaekichi in the middle of the 19th century that marked the real beginnings of the production of what came to be known as the Kawajiri Fude. Subsequently others took up the work and gradually these brushes became known throughout the country.

The way in which the hair for these brushes is combined is not really suited to mass production methods. It does, however, produce a very high quality brush, the making of which demands very specific skills.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Use ash of chaff for work of hair fir tree.

    2
    Cylindrical tea cup with a blue line around the rim use summoku and scissors.

    3
    Mixed wool is thing by "kneading on fire mixing" (we include thing performing bommazenoato kneading on fire mixing.).

    4
    Thread tightening use hemp thread.

    Raw materials

    1
    Assume spike animal hair having materials which are equal to goat, horse, weasel, raccoon dog, deer or these.

    2
    Axial material use bamboo or tree.

  • Work scenery

    Kawajiri Fude has various kinds of writing brushes.
    Only wool of goat introduces wool writing brush nodekirumadeogo to make here.

    Various properties including strength of sumi implication and waist are found on writing brush.
    By these balance of writing brush write, and taste changes, too.
    Part of hair of writing brush is called spike and becomes from five phases of hair by general writing brush, and hair for each stage carries role different each. Five phases of hair can be mixed thoroughly and make one spike. Of hair mix, and "mix with one the Bon Festival", and "work out, and mix" to, and "work out, and, gaarimasuga, here, mix", and introduce in no technique.

    Process 1: Sorting of raw wool

    We sort raw wool in standard at elasticity, luster, the thickness length of the hair. We distinguish hair which is sharp when we had product, and may bend and remove.

    Process 2: Class hair

    We divide hair which we sorted into five phases more and prepare for quantity depending on combination ratio. Combination ratio varies according to writing brush to make.

    Process 3: Cottonless clothes

    After wrapping to expose raw wool, and having boiled, in place that we dried well, we repeat and hang comb and comb hair and remove all cotton which raw materials were accompanied by.

    Process 4: Removal of fat

    We cover hair which we made cottonless clothes with ash which roasted chaff and pick up flat weight which we heated on the top and stretch straight out hair and begin to dissolve for oil and fat in hair.
    We rub from winding, skin carefully and remove for oil and fat of hair with deerskin before temperature of hair falls.

    Process 5: Last hotchpotch

    We put hair on bent metal plate in bow shape. We beat rim of metal plate with small board lightly several times and prepare point of a brush by the vibration neatly.

    Process 6: Trichiasis, unwanted hair collecting

    We find unwanted hair such as trichiasis or sharpness hair, sure hair, hair that it ached and remove.

    Process 7: Cylindrical tea cup with a blue line around the rim

    We cut hair which we grouped to necessary dimensions each.

    Process 8: nemodoshi

    We bundle with the roots of hair together every each group. We find out trichiasis and unwanted hair from hair which we gathered up and pull out using hansashi (knife for exclusive use of the making of writing brush).

    Process 9: Flatfish

    We get hair which we gathered up wet in water, and write comb and take trichiasis and unwanted hair.
    We open wool which removed unwanted hair to one line of side on the glass stand uniformly thinly.
    We fix flow of hair with comb while fixing wool which we opened by "weight bamboo".
    Flatfish means this state.

    Process 10: We work out and mix

     
     

    We surround range of hair which we made flatfish from edge and we crush it and mix hair. Kneading on fire mixing means this work.
    Hair which mixes, and performed kneading on fire to flatfish bundles up and we hang comb and find unwanted hair and remove.
    We repeat this work many times every each group. If kneading on fire mixing of each group is possible enough, we do hair of each group to flatfish and repeat and collect all together and we work out again and repeat mixing and unwanted hair collecting.

     

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 11: Core stand

    We make hair which we finished of kneading on fire mixing flatfish and soak the whole hair with glue plant and we put together to thickness of writing brush which we are going to make and serve.
    We put wool which we served through the frames called top and prepare the waist.
    After having prepared, we let you perform last unwanted hair collecting and naturally dry.

    Process 12: Feather winding

    Outside of hair which we put up core and did, we wind layer of hair which pole stretched out thinly. This hair is called feather or makeup hair.
    We let you naturally dry again if you surround feather.

    Process 13: Thread tightening

    We fasten the root of dried spike with hemp thread.

    Process 14: We close and put up

    We hit the root with hot iron and tighten spike and harden. If we close and finish raising, spike is completion.

    Process 15: File

    We match the axial inside with thickness of spike by knife and sharpen while turning axis on stand. We fix spike to place that we sharpened with plug adhesive.

    Process 16: noritori

    After having soaked spike with glue plant enough, we wind hemp thread and fix form while removing extra seaweed.

    Process 17: Signature sculpture

    We carve a seal centering on signature.

    Process 18: Completion

  • Close-up

    Quiet Traditional Craft and craftsman of quiet town

    Town, Kawajiricho, Kure-shi, Hiroshima of the shore where the Seto Inland Sea where islands range opens under my nose, and Noroyama of Setonaikai National Park rises in the rear. The making of writing brush is continued in this town of scenic beauty from the Edo era.
    User of Kawajiri Fude has many professionals of manner of handling a brush including craftsman of ya Laquer Ware with picture of Ceramics including person of calligraphy. Meanwhile, we visited one of the writing brush craftsmen who produced mainly wool writing brush liked in person of calligraphy in particular, field Yoshiyuki in studio.

     

    Spirit of son of craftsman

    Field is the third generation of house of writing brush craftsman. Unlike the first generation and the second generation when we produced general writing brush, we specialize in wool writing brush. Wool writing brush is top quality goods in writing brush. Above all, one particularly high-quality thing is special order product called thing. The center of production of field is such special order product.
    For field which helped with business since the days of child, it was natural flow that became writing brush craftsman. We did not succeed the flow simply, and there was reason why we were going to open up original course.
    Called if "do it at all the first aim sanyaa" spirit and thought "that oyajinya cannot win if make father and the same thing." It let field choose wool writing brush.

    Highest peak "sheep writing brush" of writing brush

    "Wool" of wool writing brush means hair of goat (goat) not sheep (sheep). Writing brush which made the tip only with hair of goat is wool writing brush. Length is long, and point of a brush is flexible, and hair of goat is superior in unity and sumi implication. In addition, there is little consumption by friction because of the softness, and life of hair is long, too. We possess ideal characteristic as materials of writing brush.
    If it is good-quality wool writing brush, it is said that we can continue spending 20 through 30. Elasticity of hair increases so as to use if we use and becomes easy to write. It is right thing throughout the life.
    It is wool writing brush with superior property, but the production is much more difficult than general writing brush.
    To craftsman of wool writing brush, the skill to draw power of observation to distinguish and characteristic of each hair enough is pursued in hair to see in the same way by property.

    Each writing brush plays in real earnest

    Field performs completion by one's hand from buying of hair of material.
    Enthusiasm for each writing brush to make is put there. It is not easy thing that perform all process made with writing brush which is often performed by division of labor alone. It takes time before we stand and do one as craftsman. However, a sense of fulfilment is all the more big, too. When "we had you say that it is, "prizes were produced thanks to grace" from teachers using writing brush for thing which we all ran alone, we are extremely glad. It feels like losing all to have had a hard time to there and to have got yelled at"

    One writing brush which stood in the world

    Demand demanded from writing brush of one thing is severe. Person of calligraphy adds careful instructions to own work and conveys image of level that we want to express to field.
    Field moves the image to writing brush.
    When they make writing brush, not only property of hair and the combination of raw materials but also power or how to move the calligraphys of the hand are considered. The final expression is because we are born in place where it was connected all with each other.
    It is field building up writing brush which the master of request satisfies at once in now, but it is said that we were made to do reshaping many times when it is inexperienced. If insistence on better work is given, we break finished writing brush and are rectification. Accumulation of such exchanges is connected at the present.
    The skill of craftsman cultivated by feelings and experience to expression of artist builds up writing brush of only one in the world.

    Heaviness of one hair

    The making of writing brush is repetition of steady work. Whenever process advances, and different processing is put even if we use good-quality hair so much, hair which turns, and yore is enough, and does appears. When we find them out every each process, we remove carefully.
    If there is accumulation of such steady work, we can make high quality writing brush.
    For the making of writing brush of Kawashiri, imagination to think out from combination of material to characteristic of person to employ of the hand and posture of sincere manufacturing coexist. Reason why professionals of manner of handling a brush send trust to Kawajiri Fude may be in such a place.

    Craftsman profile

    Field Yoshiyuki (hatayoshiyuki)

    In 1951, we are born in house of grandfather, father and following writing brush craftsman in Kawashiri-cho as the third generation. After having worn foundations made with writing brush by the cause of father, we visit craftsman of Tokyo and Osaka and improve the skill. In 1978, we give to both Hitachi shrine, princess His Imperial Highness writing brush. In 1982, we win federation of national calligraphy article production prize for technical ability at the youngests of the whole country. We win the second prize for technical ability in 1984. We show demonstration on TV after 1997 and try for introduction of Kawajiri Fude. With Officially designated Traditional craft products open call for participants exhibition choice national in 2004.

     

     

    Gleanings

    Museum made with Kawashiri-cho writing brush

    "Museum where we collected documents about the making of writing brush of Kawashiri made with Kawashiri-cho writing brush" is on the mountaintop of Noroyama overlooking town. Training room, the second floor become exhibition room, and tool and materials made with writing brush are displayed by exhibition room, and the first floor can watch process made with writing brush.

    We display Mishima, Murakami, Outei Kaneko, work of modern calligraphers such as Sannu Aoyama and work (reproduction) of calligraphers of Chugoku.

Summary

Industrial art object name Kawajiri Fude
Phonetic symbol kawajirifude
Classification of industrial art object Writing tools and Abacus
Main product Calligraphy brush strokes
Main production area Hiroshima / Kure-shi
The designation date August 31, 2004

Contact information

■local production associations

Kawashiri writing brush business cooperative association
〒737-2603
1-2-2-401, Kawajirichonishi, Kure-shi, Hiroshima
TEL: 0823-87-2395
FAX: 0823-87-2395

http://www.shokokai.or.jp/34/3442410506/index.htm

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Technique of hair mixing called "kneading on fire mixing" (we work out and mix) is common. This technique is not suitable for mass production, but, on the other hand, completed product becomes writing brush of high quality because we need high technique.

These brushes are generally made using a hair-mixing method called “Nerimaze.” This method is not suitable for mass production; on the other hand, since it requires very advanced techniques, finished products will invariably be premium-quality brushes.

How to make

We are separated by three processes of spike production process, axis production process, completion process, but both processes are pushed forward by hand one by one by old technique and are finished after invention and the attention complicated each carefully. Raw materials use bamboo and tree to spike to master in animal hair, axis, but Kawajiri Fude continues being used for animal hair to date since we have begun to be made.

The whole process is divided into the three stages of brush neck manufacturing, shaft manufacturing and completion, in each one of which components are hand-processed one by one based on ancient techniques and completed with great care. The raw materials used are mainly, animal hairs for the brush neck and bamboo and wood for the shaft; animal hair has been used uninterruptedly from the time the first Kawajiri fude began to be produced.