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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Banshu KebariBanshu Fishing Flies

Technique was introduced from Kyoto in last years of Edo era and we protected as side business of farmhouse and have been brought up. We raised completeness of product with the times, and technique improved before it produced result of superior fishing.
We exhibited at fisheries Expo in Meiji middle part and won many prizes, and it was in place where many anglers recognized the quality afterward. As production center producing most of the domestic fishing lures, we lead the industry today.

The techniques of this craft were introduced to Banshu from Kyoto toward the end of the Edo period (1600-1868). Local farmers began making the hooks and flies in their spare time, preserving and developing the craft over the years, while gradually perfecting each type of hook to a level at which it would bring good results. Flies won a number of prizes at Fisheries Fairs held during the late 1800s and as a result, Banshu Kebari earned the recognition of many fishermen.

It is important when making a fly to consider the type of fish being pursued, the season, the weather, and the depth and chemistry of the water the fish inhabits. Consideration for these factors has led to the development of more than 1,000 different types of fly. Making one requires the utmost concentration but the result is a piece of grand illusion in the most alluring colors, perfectly mimicking an insect in the water. Today, Banshu leads the field as the main producer of the countries output of fishing flies.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Work as "bottom lacquer ware maker".

    2
    When you make "gold bottom", stick gold leaf.

    3
    You are stormy, and use thread for fixation of silken gut, herl, animal hair, hair and gilt thread.

    4
    After having fixed a part of subject matter to use for money belt, we lose horn charge account.

    5
    Use herl which can coil itself around hook axle so that distant row of small herl always becomes outward.

    6
    Money belt is thing by either of "nail winding stack winding" or "shading off winding" "end winding stack roll to like" "pick roll" "end winding to like".

    7
    Assume mino hair six.

    8
    After having done "Shittama charge account", you stick gold leaf, and perform "ball charge account".

    Raw materials

    1
    Hook being iron.

    2
    Assume lacquer natural lacquer.

    3
    It be said that feather to use has materials which are equal to chicken, crow, duck, sparrow, pheasant, feather of duck or these.

     

  • Work scenery

    The making of fishing lure is made up in the present age of machine almighty by technique nothing but traditional handicrafts and boasts of tradition and the history more than 100 years. Time more than ten years is necessary for the acquisition of work to wind herl of several kinds of chicken around only less than 1 centimeter of hook by silk thread. As for the fishing lure which concentrates all nerve on the fingers, and is done, it may be said with red, yellow, money and delicate splendid art. We will see main point of process of manufacture of fishing lure.

    Process 1: Bottom lacquering

    After kneading a mixture of komeitan (or dust) with lacquer in tatami needle in lacquer gloss stand, and touching it in point of paintbrush, and having applied on part of trunk (around 5 millimeters) of hook, we insert the hook in comb for hook hook and dry.

    Process 2: Gold leaf pasting

    We wait until lacquered Inui Exit which we finished painting and hold hook which we removed from comb for hook hook in the left hand and we catch gold leaf with tweezers of the right hand and put on part of trunk and stick with wing (or writing brush) of small bird while turning hook.

    Process 3: Last Shittama charge account

    Knead a mixture of komeitan (or dust) with lacquer in lacquer gloss stand slightly than bottom lacquering hard, and tatami mat needlepoint be accompanied and forms so that it is to ball (around 1 millimeter in diameter) in point (last part of part which performed bottom lacquering) of hook and we insert in comb for hook hook and dry.

    Process 4: Gold leaf pasting

    We cut into pieces and we wait until lacquered Inui Exit and put one piece on part dated point Shittama using tweezers and stick gold leaf on around 5 millimeters of squares while moving wing (or writing brush) of small bird up and down. We turn hook at the same time and shake off disused gold leaf.

    Process 5: It is stormy, and the thread is dated

    Hook which did to finish 1-4 process, and to naturally dry (more than 30 days) of kuda is the highest, and spread in insertion, the Kaka re-o center of back of the hook, and boil down around 1 millimeter of top and bottom, and wind up thread (around 33 centimeters) under the three times three times on the top.

    Process 6: Silken gut charge account

    We let silken gut (around 33 centimeters) go along stomach of hook and put in place where it is stormy and wound up thread three times from the top and spread and fill with threads Kaka re-made three times of hook and wind up. We bend point (around 5 millimeters) of silken gut next to Kaka re-no of hook and fix so that we spread and fill the top with around six times of threads and wind up, and silken gut does not fall out from hook.

    Process 7: Last winding

    We take one chicken tail feather having a long herl from (equal to part of buttocks of insect) on hook point, and distant line of small herl has with forefinger of the left hand and pro-fingertip so that it is always outward and load around seven times from the inside lower part of hook onto the outside upper part and do winding.

    Process 8: Horn charge account

    While insect is in the overall form, we attach to make look like tail of buttocks. We use sparrow primary feather.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 9: Money belt

    "Money belt" means that we make part equal to the body of insect. Work that we pull out one small pinion after having added lacquer and gold leaf and object lens of the spotlight to hook and wind up. Work of money belt is distributed between five kinds. 1) End winding to like: We leave chance equally and wind up. 2) Pick roll: We squeeze up closely and wind up. 3) End winding stack roll to like: We open 3-6 times of chances from end scroll to like more and wind up. 4) Nail winding stack winding: We squeeze up and wound up and surround space kioakete in the same way. 5) Shading off winding: Two-thirds of the whole leaves chance; and of winding, remaining a one-third fill with half of slightly more, and wind up, and fill with the lasts, and wind up.

    Process 10: 1st stomach color of a horse

    We make 1st stomach defeating the enemy taking-note of their armor color after former winding. We display herl well and take one piece of waist hair of Nagoya cochin fowl six. And we attach so that 1st stomach hair surrounds the whole hook.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 11: Shittama charge account

    In lacquer gloss stand, we knead a mixture of komeitan with lacquer in tatami needle hard. We touch lacquer tree at tatami mat needlepoint and form part that it is to head of insect while turning hook with silken gut so that it is in precious stone type and we insert in comb for hook hook and dry.

    Process 12: Gold leaf pasting

    We cut into pieces and we wait until lacquered Inui Exit and put one piece on part dated Shittama using tweezers and stick 1 centimeter of gold leaf on around *0.5 centimeter of rectangle while moving wing of small bird up and down. We turn silken gut at the same time and shake off unnecessary gold leaf and are completion.

     

  • Close-up

    Extremity, Banshu Kebari of delicacy

    It is kind of fly in imitation of aquatic insect, and fishing lure is used for sweet fish fishing. However, the delicate beauty may be fishing rinotamebakaridenaku, result of pursuit of the beauty of the human being. We asked fishing lure craftsman of Banshu.

     

    Feelings are important to both work and materials

    When "is bad, not to make of physical condition"; Takenaka of this way 40 years. Fishing lure which is good when it is bad of physical condition is what we cannot make. Concentration is essential to wind wing of several kinds of chicken around only less than 1 centimeter of crampon by silk thread. We understand that Takenaka regards this work as important like that at the same time. We stick gold leaf on hook at the first stage of process, but this assumes that we are seen from gap that wound up wing later. In addition, do you surround herl of one why with face as the surface? When small hair crowds on the surface of herl as for it, and it does this on the surface, and it winds up on trunk, this is because it becomes fluffy neatly. At the time of "horn charge account (we attach to make look like tail of buttocks), feather is to use only yellow drill sparrow. However, saying this chicken becomes protected bird, and security is difficult; Takenaka. We use feather of pheasant, but do not use female feather only in males. Korai pheasant enters, too, but luster is different. Why are you particular about both work and materials? For example, "tea bear" and "spring water" of hook do not change to ordinary person in appearance, but change if they enter water. Form is different from the outside in water. We may not make hook which can catch when we imagine and do not make how you change.

    • Takenaka who concentrates on work

    • Feather of chicken to use for production

    Needle of 500 kinds which is why

    There is kind of fishing lure more than 500, but why is it so a lot? It is because fishing lure fitting various natural environments, conditions was bought. Fishing lure which fitted season, weather, the time, the quality of the water, light blue, the depth of the water was necessary. For example, this is because bright reddish fishing lure can catch well when we catch in cloudy weather and rainy day and deep place. We can say the history of fish and competition for human wisdom. Actually, around 200 kinds are used now. Saying "150 kinds made, but it is aim until now to make 500 kinds of samples"; Takenaka. Hit needle used now (we can catch constantly) is around ten kinds. "Blue lion" "Yatsuhashi" "Shimizu" "tea bear" "red hair" is so, but by 2-3 kinds change every year. Takenaka does not neglect data analysis for hook structure to be able to catch all the time. We analyze we add up until the end of tray, and which needle is sold whether you are not popular and examine marketable goods every year. In addition, personal order and information from angler are very important, too. We make production schedule of the next fiscal year after considering these. And we build up before the removal of a ban of the next year. We challenge new item in response to change of needs, but new item of this year is with trade secrets.

    Micro-world work of art "fishing lure"

    People possessed in charm of fishing lure gradually increase

    Sweet fish decreased by pollution of river, and sales of fishing lure decreased under the influence of recession again. However, people using fishing lure increase recently. Habit of sweet fish changed and did not seem to be able to catch with friend change. In addition, rivers which can catch sweetfish well from before 2-3 years increase. However, anglers becoming captive of pleasure of ditch fishing that we use fishing lure above all increase. Using delicate, splendid fishing lure, fans enjoying competition for wisdom with sweet fish increase. And anglers attracted by beauty of fishing lure itself increase. It is in one requesting that we use showy thread in angler there, but wrestles in new work when in that Takenaka can give purchasing will of angler. Answer to be surprised at when we visited when it became difficult to gradually model on insect saying "sweet fish fishing lure was different to fly, and there was not, but does not resemble insect" came back. Consciousness to say to make beautiful fishing lure on the creator side lets you make fishing lure and is not particular about what we necessarily model on insect. Sweet fish totally assumes comment of fishing lure that there is and seems to continue challenging. In search of fishing lure which was correct in the times, we must continue making from now on. It may be right said that we look at produced fishing lure even with extremity of pursuit for the human beauty rather than simple fishing lure in this way.

    We centralize nerve in needle of only 1cm

    Craftsman profile

    Kennichi Takenaka (takenakakenichi)

    Master of Traditional Crafts
    This way 40 years. Confidence and humility ooze out

    Gleanings

    The history of Banshu Kebari

    Banshu Kebari which sublimated to saying when it was work of art. Where is the origin? We look back on the history.

    The history of Banshu Kebari
    Why would fishing lures which developed in Kyoto come to be produced in Banshu, Nishiwaki? This place was point (Kyoto - Kameoka - Sasayama - Nishiwaki - Kako River - Takasago - Shikoku) of traffic that the Kyokaido Road that bound Kyoto and Sanin Expressway, Kyoto Sanyo Expressway together at the time in the Tenpo era year (1830 through 1844) in the Edo era went along. Interchange with Kyoto was close, and skills and techniques from Kyoto that was the birthplace of fishing lure has been conveyed all the more. In part there is opinion which local peddler conveyed. On the other hand, many people go to service from here to Kyoto and therefore they learn the manufacturing method of fishing lure and are said to be even if we come back to Nishiwaki and increased amount of production. In that way, using off-season of agriculture, it came to be produced flourishingly. High product was not made like the present in this time, but we hung in the Taisho era from the end of the Meiji era, and technical improvement was remarkable, and production increased. After 1945, the times when fishing lure was sold best were the time for from 1947 to 30. And we follow drop line little by little from 35 years. We remain in 60% recently in comparison with the 50, Showa generation. We include some causes, but at first are that natural environments become bad. There is dam in the upper reaches of river next, and water do not flow. Do not boil environment where river is maintained, and fish (sweetfish) reproduces itself. In other words, it means that it was not environment where fish can live. Current annual turnout accounts for 250 million yen, more than 95% of whole country. Environmental recently; was reviewed, and river where fish (sweetfish) returned to little by little appeared. Interest in fishing lure becomes higher, too and is able to anticipate increase of demand again in future.

    • Atmospheric traditional sweet fish fishing-style

    • Competition for wisdom with sweet fish still continues

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Banshu Kebari
Phonetic symbol bansyukebari
Classification of industrial art object Other Crafts
Main product Fishing lure
Main production area Hyogo / Nishiwaki-shi, Tanba-shi
The designation date April 18, 1987

Contact information

■local production associations

Banshu hook cooperative association
〒677-0015
990, Nishiwaki, Nishiwaki-shi, Hyogo
The Nishiwaki economy center Building
TEL: 0795-22-3901
FAX: 0795-22-8739

http://www.bantsuri.com/

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

It is important that the making of fishing lure makes thing which fitted kind of fish by natural environments such as weather, the depth of the water, the quality of the water in season. Fishing lure of kinds more than 1,000 was built up in pursuit of this. We concentrate all nerve on the fingers, and aquatic insect sonomamao is fantastic industrial art object which treated beautiful color that we imitate and made up.

When making fishing flies, it is important to make ones that suit the conditions of the natural environment, including fish type and season, weather, water depth, water quality, etc. For this purpose, more than 1,000 different types of flies have been created. These lures are magical objects created focusing all energies on skilled handwork to imitate aquatic insects, and decorated in beautiful colors.

How to make

We wind wing of several kinds of chicken around hook of only less than 1cm by silk thread. We greatly gradually roll up next from point to the root. Finally product looking just like aquatic insect which seems to fly away at any moment is completed when we make Shittama and put gold leaf.

The feathers of several types of birds are wrapped around a hook less than 1 cm long and fixed in place with silk thread. Next, successive layers are gradually added from the tip to the base to increase size. The lures are then completed by making a lacquer ball and attaching gold leaf to make them look just like aquatic insects ready to fly away any moment.

Voice from production center

When we put fishing lure which can catch fish well in the wooden boxes, as insect eats away product, we put naphthalene by all means and prevent worm-eaten spot.

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