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TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

Ise KatagamiIse Paper Stencils

The history of Ise Katagami is old, and, about the opening, there are various opinions. It is thought that there was form paper from place drawing senshokujin where illustrator of the Muromachi era uses form for "picture of many artisans" (shokuninzukushie) for last years in the Muromachi era.
When the Edo era began, we were under the protection of Kishu feudal clan which ruled current Wakayama and South Mie and accomplished development led by soft roe, both villages of servant of a Buddhist temple.

Although the history of these stencil papers dates back a very long way, no one is too sure as to actually when they were first made. However, it seems likely that they were already in existence at the end of the Muromachi period (1392-1573) because a contemporary painter called Kano Yoshinobu, depicted someone using a stencil in a painting called Shokunin-zukushi-e.
During the Edo period (1600-1868), the production of Ise Katagami developed with patronage from the Kishu clan over-seeing the areas corresponding to present-day Wakayama prefecture and the southern part of Mie prefecture.

It is these stencil papers which have traditionally been used in the dyeing of kimono cloth with family crests and patterns including those for yuzen, the light summer-weight kimono called yukata and the very fine overall patterns known as komon. In some cases today, however, these papers are used to make decorative objects in their own right.

  • Notification

    skills and techniques

    1
    Use "paper knife" for "law structure". 

    2
    Use persimmon juice for "paper reckoning". 

    3
    "Kill" "kills naturally" or "kill room"; niyorukoto. 

    4
    Profiling is thing by "hikihori ri" or "stripe carving" "projecting carving" "tool carving" "engraving with a gimlet". 

    5
    When you perform "contain thread", use raw silk.

    Raw materials


    Say that paper to use for paper pattern has paper mulberry of making paper by hand, paper bush or Lychnis coronata or materials which are equal to these.

    2
    It be said that we let persimmon juice idle more than four years.

  • Work scenery

    Process of Ise Katagami greatly separates, and we are separated by the making of model ground paper and sculpture. Production of model ground paper is carried out only here in the whole country.

    Process 1: Law structure (hozukuri)

    We repeat Mino Washi from 200 pieces to 500 pieces and cut in basic size.

    Process 2: Paper reckoning

    We laminate three pieces of Washi Paper to length, the side, length in persimmon juice into a veneer form according to eyes of paper. Washi Paper is strong laterally and has weak property in lengthwise direction. It is on tough paper that there is not weak place even if we cut from any direction by laminating three pieces in turn. In addition, as for the Washi Paper which applied persimmon juice, there is property resisting water as used for Janome umbrella once.

    Process 3: Drying

    We let paper that paper reckoning was over idle for 1-2 days to increase the adhesive strength of persimmon juice. We put on book board of hinoki and dry by the sun afterwards. If it is summer fine day, we dry for approximately one hour.

    Process 4: Room airing (murogarashi)

    We put dry paper in the smokehouse (as for the indoor temperature approximately 40 degrees) and continue smoking with sawdust of cedar for approximately one week. In addition, we rank persimmon juice and dry and do smoking twice. We are able to harden persimmon juice which became filmy between fiber of Washi Paper which we laminated. In this way, it is on suitable dark brown paper (unsized paper) which is hard to expand and contract to strongly cut with sculpture in water.

    Process 5: Completion of model ground paper (katajigami)

    We dip into persimmon juice once again, and the sun dries → Room airing → After process called surface check, it becomes model ground paper. It takes approximately 45 days. We actually lay more for 1-2 years before we use as paper for profiling.

    Process 6: Sculpture

    Four technique (engraving with a gimlet, tool carving, projecting carving, hikihori ri) is to sculpture. The point of a sword appoints semicircular chisel as model ground paper perpendicularly, and engraving with a gimlet fixes both arms well on the desk and carves small hole while turning drill. We make Fumi with a series of circles, and are shipped as form of Edo-dyed clothe. We carve 900 circles in 3 centimeters of every direction if we become particular.
    In the case of projecting carving, we put 5-8 pieces of model ground paper to stack, stand called hole board and we carve forward as if hitting by knife having a long point of a sword perpendicularly and advance.
    In the case of tool carving, we carve various pattern using chisel that madam body was made by forms such as flower, Ougi, hishi. Craftsman of tool carving has chisel of 3,000 in many people.
    Technique that it is like representative from hikihori rino includes stripe carving. We put ruler of steel and carve in relief at a stretch. We may carve 11 stripes in 1 centimeter if particular.

    Video is played when we click image

    Process 7: We put lawn tension (shabari), thread (itoire)

    As area to carve depending on tool carving, projecting carving, hikihori riha design becomes big, it is weak at all and may never need reinforcement though we dye. Lawn tension is carried out in cloth with patterns by reinforcement method to stick lawn of thin silk thread on with lacquer.
    Thread case is going only with form of stripe carving now. As small striped pattern may break off when we just use and cannot use for dyeing, we can enter and reinforce silk thread between two pieces of paper. As we cannot use even a little as form when it slips off, we need serious concentration.

    Video is played when we click image

     

     

  • Close-up

    The skill of adroitness in succession to the beauty of fine pattern

    Ise Katagami which is used when we dye design and Fumi such as Yuzen process or fine pattern, yukata. It is said that 99% of nation-wide is dyed with form paper shipped from Ise when we reach fine pattern in particular. We asked craftsman who continued with fine pattern of kimono story.

     

    From the next day of graduation from junior high school to craftsman

    In Ise Katagami appointed on traditional industrial arts tool, there is four sculpture technique called engraving with a gimlet, tool carving, projecting carving, stripe carving by pattern to express. Second generation Baiken Rokutani who is industrial arts person of engraving with a gimlet in that. It was father, and first Baiken Rokutani was living national treasure of engraving with a gimlet. We seemed to begin work on the next day of graduation from junior high school. "It was about time when father just received private notification of living national treasure and was to be desirable when there was successor. In the case of oneself, there were such a special circumstances, but we came on seeing work of parent since there were many people to do as business, and to inherit the back naturally and was small (we inherit the back), there was feeling."

    We can keep carving plainly with constant rhythm

    Sculpture of Ise Katagami from the making of tool

    Because "we helped since the age of elementary school, we were able to learn carving by model-learning. We do not remember that we did trouble called trouble about sculpture." However, it is said that we had trouble with the making of chisel. In the case of engraving with a gimlet, we use semicircular chisel, but, from thing that radius does not reach 1 millimeter to big thing, we cut steel and bend and create by ourselves. It is said that there is chisel which delicately varies all in thickness more than 200. When "it experiences knife by oneself, and it does not have a hard time we make tool, and to polish though it knew on seeing form and how to make, we do not become full-fledged. We did for 20 years and finally understood sharpness and how to sharpen. We may not yet carve well even if we think that blade was done just as wanted." Therefore when "carve, is thinking about various things. We may wash down sound lightly. But it is desperate when we make tool." We polish all blade of chisel one by one for New Year holidays. It takes 10th when we polish more than 200, but seems to make it annual function.

    Chisel which Rokutani uses

    Having learned from predecessors in the family line

    "We worked with predecessors in the family line together for 20 years. It is thing which sees technique, and learns, but is thing which after all sees, and learns passion, attitude toward work. Though he intended to take a rest if we caught cold, as for me, father continued working without cease every single day." We asked about pressure. "Of course we felt, but prevented serving and from thinking. Because it was able to half work with boss (the craftsman life). One thing that we can say is only that we did not pass though it is not revealed whether last boss is surpassed from now on (while we live). Therefore we defeat longevity kishiyo omoi in one year"

    Work top. It is said that completion takes approximately 3 weeks at 24*39 centimeter

    Japanese folk costume comes into kimono

    We ceased to wear kimono as everyday wear, and kimono demand as luxury goods decreased after the bubble burst, too. That trouble that is short of loss of interest in kimono and successors among friends is topic. There are not Rokutani, successor. "Work is not taken even if informed technique. Even if haze acquired technique for dozens of years; the future? Called this because when it is expected, responsibility cannot last. We wanted you to make main occupation since you told and person whom we wanted to be apprenticed to wrote how many people so far, but seemed to let leave each time saying "go to school". However, Rokutani said, "we make that we determined wish because kimono was Japanese folk costume." powerfully.

    Entrust kimono of fine pattern with hope

    Rokutani who said that we wanted to be particular about kimono of fine pattern talked in this way last. It "was often told "to want you to design such a pattern" so far by company of kimono. We design oneself and want to make unprecedented fine pattern from now on. Of course, as well as oneself, you can understand everybody. Can come across person who says to work after having understood the charm of Ise Katagami afterward. These two are hope."

    Fine pattern which was dyed with form of Rokutani

    Craftsman profile

    Baiken Rokutani (rokutanibaiken)

    We engage in Ise Katagami from 1953.
    Master of Traditional Crafts which lives by fine pattern of kimono.

    Gleanings

    The first step to tradition that challenge of Ise Katagami is new

     

    • Sliding paper-door of tasteful Ise Katagami

    • A great variety of Fumi keeps in art form

     

     

Summary

Industrial art object name Ise Katagami
Phonetic symbol We shirr, and person is looked after
Classification of industrial art object Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool
Main product Dyeing tool, art industrial art object, interior
Main production area Mie / Suzuka-shi
The designation date April 27, 1983

Contact information

■local production associations

Ise Katagami cooperative association
〒510-0254
3-10-1, Jike, Suzuka-shi, Mie
Suzuka-shi Kyoto Museum of Traditional Industry
TEL: 059-386-0026
FAX: 059-386-7511

http://www.isekatagami.or.jp/

■We visit production center from foreign countries
Image
Ise Katagami - production center visit article

■Associated exhibit space, facility

Characteristic

Ise Katagami is traditional industrial arts tool to use to dye pattern and Fumi such as yuzen, yukata, fine pattern to cloth for kimono.

Ise Katagami is traditional tool used to when dyeing kimono fabric to apply pictures and patterns for yuzen fabric, yukata fabric (summer kimono), and so on.

How to make

Ise Katagami has four sculpture technique. ●Pull carving: We pull inner stripe carving ruler and chisel toward you and carve equal striped pattern. ●Projecting carving: We carve as if putting 5-8 pieces of model ground paper to stand called hole board, and hitting knife perpendicularly and advance. ●Tool carving: We carve using chisel that blade itself was made by flower, Ougi, form of hishito. ●We carve drill: The point of a sword carves Fumi such as "manners are consecutive" "hail" with semicircular chisel "fine sharkskin pattern" in technique to carve fine pattern.

Ise Katagami use four carving methods. Hikibori: Uniform striped patterns are created by using a ruler pulling the carving blade towards the artist. Tsukibori: Five to eight stencil sheets are placed on a hole-filled stand called an anaban, and a blade is used to pierce the stencils to carve a pattern. Dogubori: The blades itself are made into shapes such as flowers, fans, diamonds, and more, which are used to carve out shapes. Kiribori: This is a technique used to create fine patterns such as the "same komon", "gyogi toshi", and "arare", using a blade with a half-moon tip.

Voice from production center

We occupy 99% of nation-wide amount of production and are shipped to each places of the whole country including Kyoto, Tokyo. In late years, only as dyeing tool, we attract attention as art industrial art object. We attract attention on sliding paper-door (sliding paper-door), ranma, snow-see viewing shoji, screen (screen) as interior.

Online shopping

7100879300034
Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool Mie

Ise Katagami

Amount of mini-colored paper (Dharma)

7100879300027
Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool Mie

Ise Katagami

Amount of mini-colored paper (two zuru)

7100879300058
Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool Mie

Ise Katagami

We make three pieces of bookmarks②

7100879300010
Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool Mie

Ise Katagami

Amount of mini-colored paper (owl)

7100879300041
Industrial arts materials, industrial arts tool Mie

Ise Katagami

We make three pieces of bookmarks①